Definition of dimension in English:


Pronunciation /dʌɪˈmɛnʃ(ə)n//dɪˈmɛnʃ(ə)n/


  • 1usually dimensionsA measurable extent of a particular kind, such as length, breadth, depth, or height.

    ‘the final dimensions of the pond were 14 ft x 8 ft’
    mass noun ‘the drawing must be precise in dimension’
    • ‘To correct for this error, an adjustment factor was made based upon an analysis of a series of measurements of air volume in samples of different dimensions.’
    • ‘These pictures were extravagant in size, being four foot by four foot in dimension.’
    • ‘No formal size standard exists for women's apparel; a size 6 in one store may have completely different dimensions from a size 6 in another.’
    • ‘Adjust the machine for your height and body dimensions to ensure that you're pushing through a comfortable yet strong angle.’
    • ‘The dim, candlelit interior contrives to make them shift in dimension and depth; new nooks appear wherever you look, some of them illusions created by subtle mirrors.’
    • ‘As the final dimensions measure a mere 1.2 x 0.7 x 0.2 metres, two of these cases could be transported easily in the back of a car.’
    • ‘Entries will be strictly limited to a maximum of 600 mm in their greatest dimension i.e. length, breadth or height.’
    • ‘We took the maximum height dimension from the bottom of the car rather than the top surface of the sidepod so we gave everybody the same chance.’
    • ‘It cited each bag's maximum dimensions and specified the weight of each suitcase could not exceed 70 pounds.’
    • ‘The microstructure data show that detergent and temperature can be used to fine-tune the lattice dimensions of the different phases accessed.’
    • ‘Cubic measurements take all three dimensions into consideration - width, length and height.’
    • ‘Fundamentally, we can determine the CTE of a material by measuring the change in dimension and the accompanying change in temperature.’
    • ‘By measuring the proportional dimensions of the metacarpal, investigators can sometimes determine the gender of the owner.’
    • ‘I measured the focal snails' final shell dimensions and dissected them to determine their sex and prevalence of parasitic infection.’
    • ‘Organ size can be determined by absolute dimensions rather than cell number or size.’
    • ‘Use a string to outline the bed's footprint, then measure and record its dimensions, including the wall's proposed height.’
    • ‘Our cell ran about six feet in all dimensions, width, length, and height.’
    • ‘It emerged that each has somehow come up with different dimensions for the same size, with no two agreeing on what constitutes a 10, 12 or 14.’
    • ‘Yes, and Alison's is so rough and so large in dimension, the Luba art so small and finely wrought.’
    • ‘Until 1893, when the forerunner of the Badminton Association of England was formed, there were no laws governing the size of court dimensions, numbers of players or scoring.’
    proportions, measurements, extent, size
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A mode of linear extension of which there are three in space and two on a flat surface, which corresponds to one of a set of coordinates specifying the position of a point.
      • ‘My own talk was on the good reasons we have for suspecting that there may be more than three dimensions of space.’
      • ‘In this case the gutter-like structure survives a projection onto just two dimensions of folding space.’
      • ‘How do we know there are three dimensions of space?’
      • ‘String theory holds that different modes of vibration reveal themselves in our measly four dimensions of space and time as different particles and forces.’
      • ‘Binocular vision affords depth perception, multiple dimensions, and the ability to appreciate opposites simultaneously.’
      • ‘This analogy has a problem, however, in that one tends to be aware that the two-dimensional surface is embedded in the three dimensions of our ordinary space.’
      • ‘You score points by assessing the position of your knights on the castles, multiplying a knight's vertical position by the spatial dimensions of the structure.’
      • ‘Imagine how much fun it will be to learn history by surfing through both time and space dimensions in history.’
      • ‘One such plan consisted of building three metal rings around a planet, and setting them in motion, one ring moving in each of the three dimensions of space.’
      • ‘However, because space is curved by the mass of the black hole, it turns out that the only way we could see the entire curvature would be to picture it in a flat space with many more dimensions than four!’
      • ‘When we say ‘compounded,’ that includes the dimensions of space and time.’
      • ‘It's commonly said that urban warfare takes place in three dimensions - whereas surface warfare or desert warfare takes place in just two.’
      • ‘These structures in the case of water are in four dimensions (three of space and one of time).’
      • ‘The analogy confines the three space dimensions we can see to merely the 3 - D surface of the 4 - D balloon.’
      • ‘If rolled up in this way in only one of the three dimensions of space this would correspond to a sheet being glued along two edges to form a cylinder.’
      • ‘And why cannot we move about in Time as we move about in the other dimensions of Space?’
      • ‘These curves are cuts through a curved surface in three dimensions as shown in Fig.5 B, and first hinted at in the simpler surface of Fig.1.’
      • ‘Although John might not have been aware of dimension theory, he realized, in effect, that Christ had transcended the dimensions of time and space.’
      • ‘However, to a being of three dimensions of space and one of time, it appears as an infinite void.’
      • ‘They wanted exciting space combat in three dimensions against enemy craft that exhibited some degree of tactical guile.’
    2. 1.2Physics An expression for a derived physical quantity in terms of fundamental quantities such as mass, length, or time, raised to the appropriate power (acceleration, for example, having the dimension of length × time⁻²).
      • ‘Divide as above and voila, you have your fractal dimension.’
      • ‘Explicit formulas in terms of dimensions of the figures can be deduced from these theorems.’
      • ‘Outlines may be captured as rectangular coordinates or Fourier coefficients and, even when non-fractal, analysed in terms of fractal dimensions.’
  • 2An aspect or feature of a situation.

    ‘we must focus on the cultural dimensions of the problem’
    • ‘I also think the book contains a dimension of cultural history, and memoir is a great genre in which to explore connections between the personal and the historical.’
    • ‘There are various theories of globalization, some of which emphasize its economic aspects while others focus on its cultural dimensions.’
    • ‘To complete the picture, however, we need to consider the reporter who spins the story on behalf of the candidate's wife, adding a third dimension to the two sides.’
    • ‘The strategy elements add a wonderful dimension, allowing actions to be queued and carried out in succession, with multiple characters at your command.’
    • ‘The capacity for cultural institutions such as orchestras to help add economic and cultural dimensions to a city or regions is well known.’
    • ‘The civilian element adds a realistic dimension to the game, since the people you must protect look a lot like the people trying to kill you.’
    • ‘A fresh lemony parsley beurre blanc on the side added a sharp dimension to throw the whole dish into relief.’
    • ‘As such, they feature a major dimension of wildness, the incapacity to share language.’
    • ‘These factors add a dimension of ethnic comedy.’
    • ‘What are these other aspects of the societal dimension of science?’
    • ‘Schools will have quick and easy access to a wealth of information on developing an international dimension to all aspects of education.’
    • ‘However, the situation has difficult ethical dimensions.’
    • ‘These features gave an extra dimension to their performance, particularly the latter, because each player was able to devote her entire attention to musical matters.’
    • ‘That is true of politics among nations, the Catholic tradition insisted, even if there are distinctive aspects to the moral dimension of world politics.’
    • ‘They have intriguing hooded flowers on tall airy stems that add to the vertical dimension of the garden.’
    • ‘Those humour-laced lines join to give a new dimension to contemporary situations and personalities.’
    • ‘Therefore the organization of the exhibition during Ramadhan will add a cultural dimension to this holy month.’
    • ‘We also seem this winter to be treating patients with more complex conditions requiring greater time in hospital, thereby adding a new dimension to the situation we normally face.’
    • ‘Frequently, happiness studies are lacking a historical as well as a linguistic and a cultural dimension.’
    • ‘These gardens are one of the country's most distinctive features, and they add a special dimension to a visitor's enjoyment of Japan.’
    aspect, feature, element, facet, side
    View synonyms


[with object]
  • 1Cut or shape (something) to particular measurements.

    • ‘The reinforcement must fit inside the concrete elements which are dimensioned on the general arrangement.’
    • ‘The signal also is forgiving, because the antennas usually are dimensioned with enough reserve to cope with rain, snow or small animals.’
    • ‘Essentially, the base transceiver station hardware is dimensioned to statistically distribute the signal processing resources among the different radio transmission services available.’
    • ‘The bristles are not only properly dimensioned, they are made of tough stainless steel to last for a very long time.’
    • ‘The normal solution is to use an over dimensioned webbing or, better in my opinion, a braid bridle.’
    • ‘The shortest possible braking distances are guaranteed by the generously dimensioned AMG high-performance braking system behind the AMG light-alloy wheels, which features internally ventilated and indented brake discs all-round.’
    • ‘Measuring roughly 25 x 13 x 11 inches, this is one generously dimensioned bag!’
    • ‘The jacket is dimensioned for an apex of a patient's heart to be inserted into the volume through the open upper end and for the jacket to be slipped over the heart.’
    • ‘It addressed such issues as the uncertain supply of raw materials, the need for precisely dimensioned manufacturing materials, and the demand for democratization of goods.’
    • ‘Class and power are also portrayed by the simple aerodynamic front, blending gracefully into a generously dimensioned and image-enchancing passenger compartment.’
    • ‘We bought an undermount sink, and that opening had to be dimensioned properly with the cabinet below.’
    • ‘The deviator block was dimensioned at 1200 mm but scaled 1500 mm.’
    • ‘Campo Baeza's four giant columns - columns similarly dimensioned to the white columns inside Granada Cathedral - are symmetrically disposed about an implied central square.’
    • ‘Oil return to the sump is via generously dimensioned, directly connected vertical ducts.’
    • ‘There is very good evidence at Giza of the high level of skill possessed: the dimensioning and leveling of the site are perfectly comparable to what could be achieved by modern methods.’
    • ‘For reduced distance rifle-firing on bases that have only pistol ranges, a scaled down target featuring 10 appropriately dimensioned miniature silhouettes is placed at 25 meters.’
    • ‘Just insert the properly dimensioned brush into the chamber, give it a couple of quick twists, and you're done.’
    • ‘To eliminate waste, he dimensioned the house to accept stock framing pieces and chose materials such as sustainably harvested mahogany for the siding, synthetic-slate roofs, recycled flora tires, and real stucco.’
    1. 1.1usually as adjective dimensioned Mark (a diagram) with measurements.
      • ‘The problem of describing and fully dimensioning a part on a traditional drawing has become increasingly difficult.’
      • ‘All that remains is to dimension the flat pattern and delete temporary lines and arcs.’
      • ‘Sometimes it's desirable to dimension the inside radius and set the outside radius.’
      • ‘‘If you or I were to apply for planning permission for a house, we would have to ensure that we supplied detailed engineering drawings dimensioning everything down to the diameter of the drainpipes,’ he said.’
      • ‘Never layout or cut stringers until you have it all worked out on paper by drawing a dimensioned, section view of the stairs.’
      • ‘I agree that this was an option and not obligatory, but most consulting engineers chose to adopt this method, as it satisfied the needs for the brief and avoided the need for dimensioning the drawings.’
      • ‘Then the engineer used the CAD software to create a dimensioned part drawing from that model.’
      • ‘Existing utilities and foundations may not be exactly where expected nor properly dimensioned on old drawings.’
      • ‘Shop drawings for the stone were completed and dimensioned accurately and rapidly.’
      • ‘If yours is more complex, make a dimensioned sketch to take to your plumbing hardware supplier, who can make the appropriate recommendations.’
      • ‘Several pictures were forwarded, along with dimensioned sketches, seeking opinions on how the plane was used.’
      • ‘He obtained permission to disassemble the priceless original rifle in order to make a complete set of dimensioned drawings as well as reams of notes.’


Late Middle English (in dimension (sense 1 of the noun)): via Old French from Latin dimensio(n-), from dimetiri ‘measure out’. dimension (sense 2 of the noun) dates from the 1920s.