Definition of digest in English:



[with object]
Pronunciation /dʌɪˈdʒɛst//dɪˈdʒɛst/
  • 1Break down (food) in the alimentary canal into substances that can be absorbed and used by the body.

    • ‘Every morsel of food we eat has to be broken down into nutrients that can be absorbed by the body, which is why it takes hours to fully digest food.’
    • ‘It also produces pancreatic juice, which is needed to digest food.’
    • ‘Two hours after digesting this rabbit food, I had to prick myself to monitor my blood sugar to see how my body had absorbed what, by my standards, could hardly be called a decent lunch.’
    • ‘Because of the stress of the burn injury, stomach activity decreases and the patient is unable to digest food or fluid.’
    • ‘If you schedule your eating, then your body is likely to digest food more efficiently, and use energy derived from the foods better.’
    • ‘To digest foods, fungi excrete enzymes into the environment to break down complex carbon compounds.’
    • ‘They produce saliva, which drains into the mouth and helps to break up and digest food.’
    • ‘Fiber is the part of plant foods that your body doesn't digest and absorb.’
    • ‘Until he has a transplant he is only allowed to consume fruit juices and other simple liquids because his intestines cannot digest food.’
    • ‘Unlike other food components such as fats, proteins or carbohydrates - which your body breaks down and absorbs - fiber isn't digested by your body.’
    • ‘In the pancreas, thick mucus blocks the channels that would normally carry important enzymes to the intestines to digest foods.’
    • ‘Your body digests food best when you relax, so eat slowly and make an effort to use your entire lunch break.’
    • ‘The body is too busy digesting food and cannot slow down enough for a person to really feel drowsy.’
    • ‘In terms of the western view of digestion, food is digested in the stomach and passed on to the small intestines where the nutrients in the food are absorbed and distributed to all tissues and cells of the body through the blood circulation.’
    • ‘Their stomachs can't digest other foods properly until this age.’
    • ‘Man's body was designed to digest raw food, since we eat mostly cooked or processed meals, our store of enzymes is being depleted.’
    • ‘Consequently, those animals which have a hot stomach easily digest their food.’
    • ‘According to this hypothesis, the body digests food more efficiently when there is some time between meals of mostly starches and meals of mostly protein.’
    • ‘He is obviously unaware that when he was born he was a ‘herbivore’, because his stomach was unable to digest meat.’
    • ‘The thickened digestive fluids made by the pancreas are prevented from reaching the small intestine, where they are needed to digest food.’
    break down, dissolve, assimilate, absorb, take in, take up
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Chemistry Treat (a substance) with heat, enzymes, or a solvent in order to decompose it or extract essential components.
      • ‘That protein enzymes can digest proteins raises the important question of how enzymes are regulated.’
      • ‘It seems that Japanese researchers have inserted a gene from the human liver into rice to enable it to digest pesticides and industrial chemicals.’
      • ‘In the meanwhile the fruit will become literally putrefied in the strong enzymes and extra time it takes to digest the protein.’
      • ‘Aliquot of the plant material was digested with nitric sulphate.’
      • ‘Proteins were digested with proteinase K and precipitated with SDS.’
  • 2Understand or assimilate (information) by a period of reflection.

    ‘Leonora digested this piece of news with mixed feelings’
    • ‘Analysts said investors were also digesting the US $350 billion tax cut bill the US Congress approved Friday.’
    • ‘How bad the damage will be depends on European traders' abilities to digest the information coming out of the USA.’
    • ‘Looking at the floor, he silently digested the information I had given him before concluding that my narrative was inaccurate.’
    • ‘A pause is in order here to let you assess and digest that comment from a man who doesn't seem to be given to pronouncements of fancy.’
    • ‘He was still digesting all she mentioned and continued looking at the sketch.’
    • ‘Undergraduates also had more difficulty digesting the class materials that address the theoretical perspectives for understanding fatherhood.’
    • ‘My eyes widened while I digested the new information slowly.’
    • ‘He stood up triumphantly as I digested the information.’
    • ‘Rick shook his head slowly, evidently finding it hard to digest this information.’
    • ‘We take a moment to digest this information, to reconcile the image of a gangster with this quiet, personable man.’
    • ‘However, the US dollar recovered its losses after the market had digested the information.’
    • ‘I merely offer the opportunity for readers of this weblog to digest the information provided by the respected French newspaper.’
    • ‘This of course creates the vicious circle where we are so used to understanding our past through stories that we can digest information only when it is has been turned into a story.’
    • ‘Today's trading update lacks the detail to fully digest the implications of the company's decline in sales.’
    • ‘Overall, his analysis of each type is systematic, detailed, and easy to digest.’
    • ‘Professionals need to be able to digest information in a certain way, so while the internet gave us the growth in information what we hear them to say is help me understand what is important.’
    • ‘If you don't fit yet (you will as soon as you have been living together for 3 years), then you have some time to digest this information.’
    • ‘And with every response young minds click and whirr, evaluating and digesting the information.’
    • ‘Elaine had a bit of trouble digesting this information.’
    • ‘That way, we reasoned, people would have their close colleagues at hand and would still have enough personal space to digest the information.’
    assimilate, absorb, take in, understand, comprehend, grasp, master, learn, familiarize oneself with
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Arrange in a systematic or convenient order, especially by reduction.
      ‘the computer digested your labours into a form understandable by a program’
      • ‘But for the most part, I digested the techniques and systematized them in my own way in Argentina.’
      • ‘Sensors will provide real time information about the status of the crop and computer software and data fusion techniques will help to digest the data into management decisions.’
      • ‘They are also where we collate, catalogue, index and digest the sources of our and other systems of law.’
      • ‘We all know burned-out activists who have turned angry over the years as they see their finest efforts come to naught or, at best, only slowly digested by the system.’
      • ‘The group will eventually digest the data into reports, which will serve as irrefutable evidence in the court of public opinion.’
      • ‘Along with his National Security Advisor he should be consolidating intelligence from all sources and digesting it in order to make the correct decisions.’
      • ‘Our customer teams digest how their purchasing systems work and do their best to get aligned with each customer's priorities.’
      • ‘User A’s machine digests the data into a simple string of code after user A’s software has encrypted the message digest with his private key.’
      classify, catalogue, tabulate, codify, arrange, order, dispose, systematize, methodize
      View synonyms


Pronunciation /ˈdʌɪdʒɛst/
  • 1A compilation or summary of material or information.

    ‘a digest of their findings’
    • ‘Today's digest has been prepared with care and diligence to avoid exposing my PC to any vires that these e-mails may have carried.’
    • ‘Young people accustomed to taking information off screens particularly like the back page digest which directs them to the pages they want.’
    • ‘When it's your job to produce a digest inside three hours for your boss, doing it at home too (not that, given the time, I'm actually at home!) seems a bit of a drag.’
    • ‘What follows is a digest of their discoveries, amplified by material and opinions of my own.’
    • ‘It has about as much literary appeal as the annual digest of the Central Statistical Office.’
    • ‘I decided yesterday to put all 4 related pieces together on my site in order to have an easily retrievable digest of the info.’
    • ‘The digest recommends a number of strategies that have been successfully used in early childhood programs and in schools.’
    • ‘Few people will read them in full, so for most people their main sources of information are executive summaries, digests, and press reports.’
    • ‘The site also functions as a digest for U.S. embassy telephone numbers and information on the location of various United Nations missions.’
    • ‘There's still work to be done to make both the digests a bit more useful and I'd like to have several digests of my own.’
    • ‘What's more, they can publicly post a digest of favorites for others to admire and learn from, or choose from preselected - and ad-friendly - digests of the most popular blogs.’
    • ‘This digest offers some collected wisdom regarding considerations and strategies for selecting and retaining teacher mentors.’
    • ‘So many have sprung up that one can only tend to a narrow selection or a digest of highlights.’
    • ‘Here's a digest, in reverse chronological order, of some of the big stories I missed while on vacation during the last two weeks.’
    • ‘He kept meticulous records of his expenditure in Africa and reading the six-page digest shows just what a herculean task remains to be faced.’
    • ‘Both of these sources are aggregation services: they gather together high quality links and references into a handy digest.’
    • ‘Readers should note that the dates of records in this digest are given when known, but that they are covering dates which do not necessarily indicate the presence of records for all intervening years.’
    • ‘Read your digest well as some of the topics will always come from there.’
    • ‘A digest of the information is provided on separate pages, along with the profession of the head of the family, and the residential telephone number.’
    • ‘This digest discusses the types of data that schools should collect and the ways to use the information effectively in decision making to enhance equity.’
    list, chart, diagram, figure, graph, plan
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A periodical consisting of condensed versions of pieces of writing or news published elsewhere.
      • ‘The email sign-up box in the left column of this page is where you enter your email address to receive our soon-to-be-launched weekly digest.’
      • ‘Music is entertainment, music digests should be entertaining too.’
      • ‘The pithy news digest is a must-read for America's movers and shakers’
      • ‘It offers a weekly digest of the best postings on their discussion forums, finance news and stock market movements.’
      • ‘The news digest has a section in it called ‘Boring But Important’.’
      • ‘This digest reviews some of the recent literature about adult female students at community colleges.’
      • ‘They also produced a number of highly regarded publications which served as weekly digests that were used throughout the government.’
      • ‘In 1991 in the Directory of Electronic Journals and Newsletters, there were about 30 electronic journals and over 60 newsletters and digests published over the Internet.’
      • ‘In 1758 he began to edit the newly-established Annual Register, a yearly digest of politics, history, and the arts.’
      • ‘Would you rather receive our daily news digest in your in-box each morning?’
      • ‘You'll be able to see this new series of articles in our lunchtime e-mail, with some articles appearing in the weekly digest.’
      • ‘Music videos, advertisements, and literary digests, as well as fast food, computer games, and activities within simulators, all aim for similar packages of condensed stimuli.’
      • ‘It's a morning digest of California political news, with a bit of attitude thrown in.’
      journal, publication, magazine, newspaper, paper, review, gazette, newsletter, organ, serial, annual, quarterly, monthly, bimonthly, fortnightly, weekly, biweekly
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A methodical summary of a body of laws.
      • ‘The wealth of charts, chronologies, and digests of laws and regulations (including more than a page of initials and what they stand for) will be useful to activists and interested citizens.’
      • ‘A projected digest of the law of contract (which would have been much fuller than the Indian Code) fell through for want of time.’
      • ‘For all retention decisions based on a legal requirement, the documentation should show a brief digest of the law, together with its citation.’
      • ‘Your Honours will see the second-last paragraph of what I might conveniently refer to as the digest.’
      • ‘We have included the digest of the law provided by the Indiana general assembly.’
      • ‘The largest ever digest of Irish High Court and Supreme Court judgements will be launched by the Chief Justice this week.’
      summary, synopsis, abstract, precis, résumé, outline, sketch, rundown, quick rundown, round-up, abridgement, summation, review, compendium
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 The compendium of Roman law compiled in the reign of Justinian.
  • 2Chemistry
    A substance or mixture obtained by digestion.

    ‘a digest of cloned DNA’
    • ‘The digest was fractionated overnight on an agarose gel as described above.’
    • ‘Phosphate in the digests and in culture solutions was measured spectrophotometrically using the molybdate and malachite green method described earlier.’
    • ‘A number of clones from each digest were isolated.’
    • ‘Lung digests were obtained as previously described.’
    • ‘After incubating the cells for one hour with soluble or lysate digests; calcium, iron, or zinc standards; or pure buffer, the researchers lysed the cells and measured mineral levels using atomic absorption spectroscopy.’


Late Middle English: from Latin digest- ‘distributed, dissolved, digested’, from the verb digerere, from di- ‘apart’ + gerere ‘carry’; the noun from Latin digesta ‘matters methodically arranged’, from digestus ‘divided’, from digerere.