Definition of diazepam in English:

diazepam

noun

mass noun
  • A tranquillizing muscle-relaxant drug used chiefly to relieve anxiety.

    Also called Valium (trademark)
    • ‘In rare cases, the parents may be given a supply of a drug called diazepam and will be given help and education on how to use this medicine.’
    • ‘He added trace amounts of alcohol and an amount of the tranquilliser diazepam were also found in her bloodstream.’
    • ‘Dr Ross said patients were also offered a wide range of treatment including night sedation drugs such as diazepam, which will be minimised under the SLA.’
    • ‘She had always worked, mostly in shops, but was by then on huge amounts of methadone, nitrazepam, amitriptyline, diazepam and temazepam.’
    • ‘Tranquilising drugs such as diazepam or temazepam are not suitable for treating stress because they can cause addiction after only a few weeks of taking them.’
    • ‘Routine prophylaxis using phenobarbital, valproic acid, oral diazepam, or antipyretics is controversial and not indicated.’
    • ‘To prevent withdrawal symptoms, a chronic heavy drinker may be prescribed medication such as diazepam for a few days after stopping drinking.’
    • ‘It is sensible to start with a high daily dose, such as 120 mg chlordiazepoxide or 20 mg diazepam on the first day, and then reduce the dose.’
    • ‘Giving the drug diazepam directly into a vein can control the muscle spasms themselves.’
    • ‘The 29 year old died from aspiration of vomit after mixing diazepam, chlorpromazine, temazepam, flunitrazepam, and clomethiazole.’
    • ‘Until recently, however, it was unavailable outside the hospital, and other drugs, including diazepam, continue to be used as first line treatment.’
    • ‘Where medication is judged necessary, oral anxiolytics, such as lorazepam, may be available, as may a parenteral sedative, typically diazepam.’
    • ‘Severe persistent anxiety may merit the short term prescription of anxiolytic drugs such as diazepam.’
    • ‘A low dose of diazepam at bedtime may be beneficial in cases of frequent and disabling proctalgia fugax.’
    • ‘Even a prescription of the tranquilliser diazepam failed to calm her nerves.’
    • ‘Two of the three seizures in the midazolam group were controlled with intravenous diazepam and one with intravenous phenobarbital after intravenous diazepam failed.’
    • ‘Yesterday he admitted five charges of supplying controlled drugs - methadone and diazepam - and one charge of possession of amphetamine with intent to supply.’
    • ‘By the age of 16 he was going to raves and using drugs - Ecstasy, diazepam and nitrazepam, as well as cannabis.’
    • ‘Braun records a case in which 5 milligrams of diazepam, a tranquilizer, sedated one personality, while 100 milligrams had little or no effect on another.’
    • ‘He had drunk three litres of cider on the morning of the accident and taken temazepam, diazepam and amphetamine and told police he could not remember anything about the crash.’

Origin

1960s: blend of benzodiazepine and amide.

Pronunciation

diazepam

/dʌɪˈazɪpam//dʌɪˈeɪzəpam/