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[mass noun] Government by two independent authorities (especially in India 1919–35).
- ‘The Government of India Act separated Burma from India, and provided for provincial autonomy in British India, a federation of Indian princes, and for a dual system of government at the centre based on the principle of dyarchy.’
- ‘Some analysts argue that Delhi being a diarchy, the anti-incumbency factor was deflected from the state to the Centre.’
- ‘This system of dyarchy was abolished by the Government of India Act, which gave the provincial assemblies full responsibility for government.’
- ‘Nigerian intellectuals, in particular, and African intellectuals, in general, have also debated other alternative forms of democracy similar to diarchy.’
- ‘The Nigerian diarchy would see the system of government shared between a serving or retired military president and a civilian prime minister with a democratically elected legislature.’
- ‘Further, they regarded it as decisive proof that the two superpowers were being drawn, however reluctantly, into the creation of a world-wide dyarchy.’
- ‘Raymond Barre told the UDF group in parliament in September 1983 that according to de Gaulle there could be no diarchy at the summit of the state; a president faced by a hostile Assembly would either have to dissolve it or himself resign.’
- ‘The monarchy of de Gaulle was followed by a diarchy with Pompidou, Giscard d' Estaing, and early Mitterrand, where the president and prime minister were from the same party; since 1986, cohabitation has altered this diarchy.’
- ‘The allegedly post-Lycurgan ephorate was abolished, the gerousia (council of elders) made subject to annual re-election, the dyarchy transformed into a de facto monarchy.’
Late 19th century: from di- ‘two’ + Greek arkhia rule, on the pattern of monarchy.
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