Definition of diapir in English:

diapir

noun

Geology
  • A domed rock formation in which a core of rock has moved upward to pierce the overlying strata.

    • ‘The established idea that granitoid magmas ascend through the continental crust as diapirs is being increasingly questioned by igneous and structural geologists.’
    • ‘Essentially, this means that over geological timescales, diapirs flow through the sub-surface.’
    • ‘In more thickly sedimented slope and basin blocks, this fault and parallel faults to the south are marked by ENE alignments of elongate and shear mud diapirs or continuous, narrow mud walls.’
    • ‘Mud diapirs, pockmarks and mud volcanoes are common features at seepage sites, where various pathways such as faults, other fractures and sedimentary discontinuities act as conduits for fluid seepage.’
    • ‘Various architectures connecting extrusive mud volcanic cones to their underlying source layer have been described, ranging from bulbous diapirs to steep diatremes and narrow vertical pipes.’

Origin

Early 20th century: from Greek diapeirainein pierce through, from dia through + peirainein (from peran pierce).

Pronunciation:

diapir

/ˈdʌɪəpɪə/