Definition of diachronic in English:

diachronic

adjective

  • Concerned with the way in which something, especially language, has developed and evolved through time.

    ‘the census is also a diachronic data set’
    Often contrasted with synchronic
    ‘linguistic change is the diachronic aspect of linguistic variation’
    • ‘This definition exemplifies the turn towards a more diachronic and sociological focus in textual scholarship, and offers a conceptual rubric marked by bibliographic and theoretical rigour.’
    • ‘But, unfortunately, economics isn't good at diachronic comparisons (ones between points in time), for much the same reason as it hasn't been very good with such things as the environment.’
    • ‘Currently, linguists generally prefer the synchronic study of spoken language to the diachronic comparison of words in texts, and have tended to regard philology as pre-scientific.’
    • ‘Again, all of this was fundamental to the epistemological changes by which Western natural science was established, and the reorganization of attention in the 19th century thus had deep diachronic roots.’
    • ‘In addition to placing English in a diachronic chain of invader-turned-native languages, Rao argues for an Indian English in a synchronic relation with American English and Irish English.’
    • ‘Utilizing both a diachronic and synchronic analysis, one can note the respective contexts and then further describe how these synchronic tensions have served readers of a collection.’
    • ‘The relation between the selves is synchronic, not diachronic; it is also a relation of chiasmic exchange, like that between eye and text, or voice and ear.’
    • ‘The distinction between ritual and ceremony as pointed out by Alan Wald can then be analysed from a diachronic and a synchronic point of view.’
    • ‘The diachronic study of language, or study of the structure of language over a period of time, prevailed over the synchronic study of language, or study of language at a moment in time.’
    • ‘What is missing from such an approach is a diachronic perspective that can explain how this distribution evolved.’
    • ‘Garin approached history in the diachronic mode, paying special attention to dynamism and change, and seeking to illuminate the relationship between particular origins and particular outcomes.’
    • ‘However, if a thematic rather than diachronic approach is chosen, historical events have to be recapitulated to explain the setting of individual subjects.’
    • ‘It's clear, from diachronic and synchronic investigations, that all known languages give similar descriptions of the world.’
    • ‘Though let me stress that what I have offered here is not an expert opinion; I have done no serious quantitative work on this topic, and I have no real expertise in diachronic lexical semantics.’
    • ‘The strands of causation comprising this web, as I have termed it, interact with one another in time: there is a diachronic and contingent aspect to causation that must be accounted for.’
    • ‘In essence, then, Steck calls for both a diachronic and synchronic reading of Isaiah.’
    • ‘The relationship between these optimistic and pessimistic strains can be seen, in diachronic terms, as a struggle for ideological dominance throughout the nineteenth century.’
    • ‘Rapley balances this diachronic argument with a more synchronic survey of convent life and the teaching activities of the nuns.’
    • ‘‘Romanticism’ is the interpretive sense we make of Romantic-era literature by means of diachronic and synchronic narratives.’
    • ‘From a diachronic viewpoint, languages seem to change from being more pragmatic to more syntactic; from a synchronic perspective, different languages may simply be at different stages of this evolutional circle.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from dia- ‘through’ + Greek khronos time + -ic.

Pronunciation:

diachronic

/ˌdʌɪəˈkrɒnɪk/