Definition of detergent in English:

detergent

noun

  • 1A water-soluble cleansing agent which combines with impurities and dirt to make them more soluble, and differs from soap in not forming a scum with the salts in hard water.

    ‘liquid detergents’
    mass noun ‘packets of detergent’
    • ‘In addition, it is used in water purification systems and in the production of many commercial products, such as glass, pulp and paper, soaps and detergents, and textiles.’
    • ‘It is known as washing soda or soda ash, and is used for softening water, in the manufacture of borax, and in making glass, paper, detergents, and soap.’
    • ‘Since soap and detergents are salts, they separate into their component ions in a solution of water.’
    • ‘It is important to note that the molecular weights of the detergents differ.’
    • ‘Alkalis, acids, bleaches or detergents are added to water to chemically react with specific soils and loosen them so they are removed with the water.’
    • ‘Washing machine detergents contain alkaline agents, which can cause the most severe form of chemical eye injury.’
    • ‘Nearly all manufactured products that we use today, like gasoline, detergents, and batteries, depend in some way on sulfuric acid for their production.’
    • ‘When using washing-machine water, combine the rinse-cycle water with the wash-cycle water to dilute the detergent and bleaching agents.’
    • ‘Eczema in adults can be caused by a number of substances, including cleaning agents, soaps and detergents.’
    • ‘They are also added to soaps and detergents to give them their ‘fresh lemon scent.’’
    • ‘Use a non-ammonia soap or detergent in hot water, or use a commercial cleaner to scrub the entire area affected by mold.’
    • ‘For a cheap window cleaner try this mixture: combine 4 tablespoons rubbing alcohol with 1/2 teaspoon liquid detergent in 4 cups water.’
    • ‘Baking soda, distilled white vinegar, washing soda, Borax and a good liquid soap or detergent will do nicely.’
    • ‘Rainwater typically has very low hardness levels, which reduces the use of soaps and detergents, and eliminates the need for a water softener.’
    • ‘Use plain water, detergents, suitable proprietary compounds, or emulsifying agents.’
    • ‘For some it's best to avoid soaps with detergents or dyes to clean sensitive areas.’
    • ‘Various fatty acids are used to make soaps and detergents that have different applications in society.’
    • ‘This same swimming response can be elicited by contact with several other seastars, or by surfactants such as soaps and detergents, or by strong salt solutions.’
    • ‘Or use a soft scrub brush and a detergent / water solution to remove all dirt and grime.’
    • ‘All-purpose household cleaners, soaps, detergents and wax removers usually contain one or more alkalis, and so should not be used on terrazzo.’
    cleaner, cleanser
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Any additive with a similar action to a detergent, e.g. an oil-soluble substance which holds dirt in suspension in lubricating oil.
      • ‘A gasoline detergent is a lot like a household detergent, helping to prevent any harmful deposit build-up.’
      • ‘A lower level of detergent may cause a buildup of deposits on critical engine parts.’

adjective

  • Relating to detergents or their action.

    ‘staining that resists detergent action’
    • ‘This is mainly the result of hydrophobic partitioning of individual detergent molecules at lipid and protein-lipid interfaces.’
    • ‘Water is a fabulous cleaning agent, but it's even better when tiny nanoscale particles, such as detergent surfactants, are dispersed in it.’
    • ‘They held a live demonstration on the preparation of detergent cakes, sandalwood powder and phenyl.’
    • ‘The Shell Higher Olefin Process also uses metathesis technology to convert ethene to detergent range molecules.’
    • ‘Indeed, there was preliminary evidence for a dimeric arrangement of CitS in detergent micelles and lipid membranes.’
    • ‘Using a stiff long handled brush, scrub stain with concentrated detergent suds.’
    • ‘Another agreed upon fact is that it is extremely important to rinse away every last drop of detergent residue from your hair.’
    • ‘High density polyethylene products, such as milk containers, are cut into small pieces and remelted to make detergent bottles.’
    • ‘As shown in a recent modeling of another membrane protein detergent molecules rearrange to form a fused micelle around the protein and in our case they adapt to the irregular surface of the monomer better than phospholipids.’
    • ‘As MII can activate transducin in detergent solution, specific lipid molecules are probably not important for this function.’
    • ‘The question of whether or not the static deformation is representative for the structure of LH2 in detergent solution or in membranes remains to be answered.’
    • ‘For example, LH1 - RC complexes are much more unstable in detergent solution than LH2 complexes.’
    • ‘During stage I, detergent molecules partition between the aqueous buffer and the bilayer forming detergent-doped liposomes.’
    • ‘Wash removable glass shelves and plastic parts in warm detergent solution, rinse and wipe dry.’
    • ‘Puzzles can be created by saving cardboard packaging from cereal boxes, detergent boxes, soda cartons, etc.’
    • ‘In dry foam cleaning a detergent solution is whipped into foam and applied to the carpet.’
    • ‘Dust control strategies include the use of an all-purpose cleaner or detergent solution to wipe or mop the floors, walls and horizontal surfaces of lead-contaminated dwellings.’
    • ‘Initiatives such as replacing chemical solvents with detergent solutions for cleaning metal parts are promoted throughout the Marine Corps.’
    • ‘Here, polar interactions between charged amino acids and phosphatidylcholine headgroups act as condensation seed for detergent micelle formation.’
    • ‘A fresh or recirculated rinsing stage can be provided to flush detergent residues from parts.’
    cleaning, cleansing
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century (as an adjective): from Latin detergent- ‘wiping away’, from the verb detergere, from de- ‘away from’ + tergere ‘to wipe’.

Pronunciation

detergent

/dɪˈtəːdʒ(ə)nt/