Definition of desmosome in English:

desmosome

noun

Biology
  • A structure by which two adjacent cells are attached, formed from protein plaques in the cell membranes linked by filaments.

    • ‘These spindle cells formed small desmosomes and produced patchy basement membrane.’
    • ‘The diagnosis was confirmed by the ultrastructural demonstration of large desmosomes and long microvilli at the cell surface.’
    • ‘Specialized structures were present, including microvilli of varying length, desmosomes, and cell membrane interdigitations.’
    • ‘Hence the plug is a specialized cytoplasmic structure, unlike desmosomes, gap junctions, or septate junctions, which are formed from membrane appositions.’
    • ‘Vimentin fibers terminate at the nuclear membrane and at desmosomes, or adhesion plaques, on the plasma membrane.’

Origin

1930s: from Greek desmos bond, chain + -some.

Pronunciation:

desmosome

/ˈdɛzməsəʊm/