Definition of descendant in English:

descendant

noun

  • 1A person, plant, or animal that is descended from a particular ancestor.

    ‘she's a descendant of Charles Darwin’
    • ‘All three of us here are living descendants of that powerful family.’
    • ‘Until 1994, the company was owned by the descendants of the founders.’
    • ‘People also expect the deceased to maintain interest in their descendants, as ancestral spirits.’
    • ‘My ancestors were priests, but none of the present generation descendants are priests.’
    • ‘Eventually, the DNA materials may be able to link the crew members with their living descendants.’
    • ‘The people who attend them are first-generation immigrants or more likely their second and third generation descendants.’
    • ‘Some of the fossils are proving pivotal in testing the hypothesis that birds are the living descendants of dinosaurs.’
    • ‘If they did, it would mark them as descendants of a common ancestor.’
    • ‘Birds - the feathered descendants of the dinosaurs - fascinate her.’
    • ‘They disappeared along with the dinosaurs when that period ended, leaving no modern descendants.’
    • ‘Will our descendants live most of their lives in a virtual reality?’
    • ‘The preferred marriage partner should come from the same neighborhood and be a descendant of a common ancestor.’
    • ‘The lineal descendants of a farmer have the first right to purchase a farm.’
    • ‘Most biologists consider it the direct descendant of the ancestor of the domesticated two-humped species.’
    • ‘Their descendants have been left in a quandary.’
    • ‘He had made something of himself despite the fact he had most likely been a descendant of a slave.’
    • ‘How important is ethnicity for the descendants of emigrants?’
    • ‘Some of the plaintiffs are direct descendants of those early settlers.’
    • ‘Their wanderings ceased when they reached the beautiful mountain home where their descendants live today.’
    • ‘As time passes, these species, together with their various descendant species, continue to diverge.’
    successor, scion
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A machine, artefact, system, etc., that has developed from an earlier, more rudimentary version.
      ‘house music is a descendant of disco’
      • ‘The internet is not the descendant of the telephone, nor has it replaced it.’
      • ‘An argument can be made that since so many Cajun pioneers copied the Creole accordionist that Cajun music is a descendant of Creole music. But that's another column.’
      • ‘The project is a direct descendant of the Learning Design Tools project and other predecessor projects in the E-learning and Pedagogy programme.’

Usage

The correct spelling for the noun meaning ‘person descended from a particular ancestor’ is descendant, not -ent. Descendent is a less common adjective meaning ‘descending from an ancestor’. Almost 15 per cent of the citations for the term in the Oxford English Corpus use the wrong spelling

Origin

Late Middle English (as an adjective in the sense ‘descending’): from French, present participle of descendre ‘to descend’ (see descend). The noun dates from the early 17th century.

Pronunciation

descendant

/dɪˈsɛnd(ə)nt/