Definition of derelict in English:



  • 1In a very poor condition as a result of disuse and neglect.

    ‘a derelict Georgian mansion’
    ‘the barge lay derelict for years’
    • ‘Conditions at the hotel were so derelict the coach lamented it was the worst he had ever seen.’
    • ‘Between those dates the appeal site had been in an apparently derelict condition with 2 large black doors facing the street.’
    • ‘‘We have clients buying derelict farmhouses and old houses which would otherwise be left to fall down,’ Anderson said.’
    • ‘Residents fed up with youths hanging around the streets, derelict shops and a general sense of neglect have taken their future into their own hands.’
    • ‘The ground floor of the derelict building was pretty much bare of anything other than broken junk and graffiti.’
    • ‘In 1996, a huge residential community was envisaged in the derelict area, with the aim of housing local poor residents.’
    • ‘It will not only record, but also highlight the true extent of empty buildings, derelict shops, empty houses, other signs of neglect and lack of important services.’
    • ‘The derelict condition of the Market House has been criticised by the town council.’
    • ‘Perhaps if the derelict sites had been cleared and tided before prospective investors in the proposed retail outlets viewed the site, it might have been a different story.’
    • ‘A call has been made to officials of the Town Council to take action against the owners of five houses which are in a derelict condition.’
    • ‘The derelict mansion was a block from the address where they had told Scott to meet.’
    • ‘The derelict barn she bought 16 years ago for £26,000 is now a palatial house valued at about £750,000, with two large wings.’
    • ‘The most notable of these barriers is a complicated system of land ownership, poor roads and a derelict telecommunications network.’
    • ‘However it remained unoccupied for a number of years and had fallen into a derelict state.’
    • ‘At 8pm as thick black smoke bellowed from the derelict building, police issued an urgent health warning, instructing residents to stay indoors and shut their windows.’
    • ‘The yards are full of derelict cars, broken-down furniture, sofas with the stuffing bursting out.’
    • ‘The majority of them were bought either in completely derelict condition, or as a collection of rusty parts.’
    • ‘The former area of derelict grassland has already been transformed into an accessible area where plants and wildlife can thrive and local people can enjoy the natural environment’
    • ‘Following a few weeks of begging on the streets and sleeping in derelict buildings, he falls in with a friendly group of squatters.’
    • ‘The aim is to bring scruffy, disused areas of land - including a disused tip, a former power station and a derelict canal - back into community use.’
    dilapidated, ramshackle, run down, broken-down, worn out, tumbledown, in disrepair, in a state of disrepair, in ruins, ruined, falling to pieces, falling apart
    disused, abandoned, deserted, discarded, rejected, forsaken, cast off, relinquished, ownerless
    unsafe, dangerous, hazardous, perilous, precarious, insecure, treacherous
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  • 2North American Shamefully negligent of one's duties or obligations.

    ‘he was derelict in his duty to his country’
    • ‘Some held the two local commanders derelict in their duty; others concluded that they were simply guilty of errors of judgment.’
    • ‘The commission found that each had been derelict in his duty.’
    • ‘In my view he would be derelict in his duty if he didn't have a contingency plan.’
    • ‘Further, any judge who allows a conviction to stand when it's evident the defendant did not commit a crime is derelict in his duty.’
    • ‘What other cause finds you derelict in your responsibilities to your own people?’
    negligent, neglectful, remiss, lax, careless, sloppy, slipshod, slack, irresponsible, delinquent
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  • 1A person without a home, job, or property.

    ‘derelicts who could fit all their possessions in a paper bag’
    • ‘But the majority of menial workers and derelicts are, going by empirical evidence, first or second-generation immigrants with little in the way of hopes or prospects.’
    • ‘Even if your slate's totally clean, people are apt to lose trust in you because you're dating such a derelict.’
    • ‘Ultimately, Billy is said to have become a derelict, presumably because he was unable to work in the cattle industry again.’
    • ‘Under the steel and cement, the derelicts lie happy and drunk, their gaze set on the future.’
    • ‘Society, it transpires, hasn't turned him into a derelict, he's managed that all by himself.’
    • ‘His passion for helping the underprivileged, the derelicts of society, and for world evangelization was built upon his passion for Christ.’
    • ‘People called bums and derelicts in the 20s and 30s had some of the best-paying, most secure jobs in industrial America by the 50s and 60s.’
    • ‘They are workers, or spouses, curmudgeons, derelicts, or hopeless romantics.’
    • ‘Following a homeless ‘state of emergency’, the federal government created a $753-million fund to get derelicts across Canada out of the dirt and into an edifice.’
    • ‘The woman was a bit startled by this proclamation, but she was equally intrigued by the derelict's intuition, since she was indeed single.’
    • ‘A group of vagabonds and derelicts inhabit a shelter in Moscow, presided over by a fanatical leader who preaches the love of everyone for everyone.’
    • ‘The only regular visitors are the labourers and derelicts who drop in to spend some time before the radio kiosk or the television set.’
    • ‘From a distance he looks like a wreck, a derelict.’
    • ‘Afterwards, we blundered through the back streets and alleys, and I met the everyday denizens, including the derelicts.’
    • ‘The fighting became so intense it disturbed the derelicts outside, who began screaming and pounding on the door.’
    • ‘He supposed that in the dark, the fact that the block was deserted of all but derelicts might not be noticeable.’
    • ‘How can you expect to have anything but a diving trend when your educated citizens are worse than the derelicts?’
    • ‘Head out across the loopway where derelicts collect and sit with them remembering the blues they heard and steal their drink.’
    • ‘He also claims he once distributed fake Booker Prize dinner invitations to down-and-outs, promising free booze, in the hope of causing mayhem when the derelicts tried to crash the do.’
    • ‘The family could not believe that the body was considered to be that of a derelict at the funeral home.’
    tramp, vagrant, vagabond, down and out, homeless person, drifter, person of no fixed abode, person of no fixed address, knight of the road
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  • 2A ship or other piece of property abandoned by the owner and in poor condition.

    ‘she had been a derelict recommissioned for this journey’
    • ‘It's a little known fact that the Ancient Greeks didn't live in complete buildings like you or me; they lived in derelicts and rubble, in houses with no roofs and vines growing up the walls.’
    • ‘Diaz maneuvered the tug underneath the cruiser and traversed the length until they were ahead of the derelict.’
    • ‘This is all set on a backdrop of a larger presence within the galaxy, an ancient civilization that left floating derelicts in space.’
    • ‘In 1881, the schooner Ellen Austin, bound for London, discovered a derelict adrift in the Sargasso.’
    • ‘He circled the shattered derelict once more and finally settled his craft down in an open spot.’
    • ‘You wouldn't believe the bureaucratic hoops you need successfully to jump when you're renovating a derelict.’
    • ‘Up to a dozen geosynchronous satellites go out of service every year, and there are now several hundred derelicts in the disposal orbit.’
    • ‘If they can keep the boats from becoming derelicts, it means that much more money in the budget to do dredging and other debris removal.’
    • ‘Vale watched helplessly as a series of explosions reduced the once-proud cruiser to a blackened derelict.’
    • ‘We ran into the docking bay and could not believe the decrepit derelict of a ship that he had waiting for us.’
    • ‘They both looked like abandoned derelicts compared with the other great warships being serviced in the yard.’
    • ‘Eerily empty travel zones are full of ice, gas, derelicts and asteroids of various types and colors.’
    • ‘With a secure airlock established between the two ships, the Scout transferred over to the derelict.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, the U.S. Coast Guard has the authority to move derelicts that pose a hazard to navigation, but not to dispose of them.’
    • ‘The Council and developers are following the example of towns and cities across the country where areas becoming derelicts as they await redevelopment are being turned into visitor attractions.’


Mid 17th century: from Latin derelictus ‘abandoned’, past participle of derelinquere, from de- ‘completely’ + relinquere ‘forsake’.