Definition of deprivation in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The damaging lack of material benefits considered to be basic necessities in a society:

    ‘low wages mean that 3.75 million people suffer serious deprivation’
    [count noun] ‘rural households could escape the worst deprivations of the towns’
    • ‘Consequently, I have the utmost respect for all those who served in the war and suffered its deprivations.’
    • ‘There are holes in the material and it is roughly stitched together, its shabbiness evoking the deprivations of post-war Europe.’
    • ‘It's a thriller about courage and ingenuity during the escape, and deprivations Vili survived before being saved by a farming family across the Austrian border.’
    • ‘Corruption causes massive human deprivations and creates sudden and extreme income inequalities.’
    • ‘Children played in the rubble in the streets, but in spite of their many deprivations people, especially children, were pleasant and cheerful.’
    • ‘He's juxtaposed cartoonish fantasy with the most painful and revealing details of his childhood deprivations and wrecked marriage.’
    • ‘Communities still recovering from the hardships of war found themselves forced back into wartime deprivations.’
    • ‘Some may have suffered the deprivations, or fought in the Second World War.’
    • ‘This only makes those accounts that detail the terrible hardships, deprivations, and dangers more effective.’
    • ‘They are suffering the same deprivations as the demonstrators.’
    • ‘A great many of us can remember, though we were children at the time, the deprivations of the 1939-45 war, when everyone was urged to ‘dig for victory’ to enable us to feed ourselves.’
    • ‘The goal has to include rapid reduction of today's deprivations, while making sure that whatever is achieved today can be sustained in the future.’
    • ‘Most people come to parenthood with a determination to spare their children the deprivations and chastisements of their own youth.’
    • ‘For eight years the accused knew hardship, but their ills largely went beyond deprivations of a material order.’
    • ‘The German people also had suffered from the deprivations of war, and the restrictions placed on Germany after World War I caused more pain and suffering.’
    • ‘However, the condition was held to be unreasonable because it amounted to the deprivation of property without proper compensation.’
    • ‘He claimed that he and his new bride Dymphna suffered material deprivation when they were first in England.’
    • ‘However, the state of deprivation of his possessions has continued.’
    • ‘Those working in convalescent hospitals, away from the front lines, also suffered the deprivations of war.’
    • ‘The analysis of 32,482 neighbourhoods used 37 deprivation indicators to calculate the quality of life.’
    poverty, impoverishment, penury, privation, hardship, destitution, need, neediness, want, distress, financial distress, indigence, pauperdom, beggary, ruin
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The lack or denial of something considered to be a necessity:
      ‘sleep deprivation’
      • ‘The sensory deprivation provided by the loss of any visual data can be unnerving.’
      • ‘Because they're designed for automobiles, today's cities are leading to a life-threatening level of exercise deprivation.’
      • ‘During that time away, he decided to quit his photography job and pursue a Ph.D.—a decision his wife attributed to high-altitude oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘How can humans tolerate extreme oxygen deprivation at very high altitudes?’
      • ‘A combination of severe resource deprivation and military conservatism inhibited the army from developing a modern force.’
      • ‘The group supports the view that nature deprivation is at the root of an increasing number of mental disorders today.’
      • ‘The condition causes the excretion of calcium and potassium in the urine and may harm the bones and kidneys if carb deprivation is unchecked.’
      • ‘He notes a case where a user inhaled the gas from a mask directly attached to a medical gas tank, lost consciousness, and subsequently died from oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘For example, one grantee is studying how developing nerve cells in the fetal brain respond to prolonged oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘A fast is food deprivation for a set amount of time, and no one is supposed to die.’
      • ‘Sleep and food deprivation, along with the forced adoption of extremely uncomfortable postures for hours on end, do the trick.’
      • ‘Short-term food deprivation both standardized and maximized the motivation of individuals to compete for food resources during dominance trials.’
      • ‘The women experienced food deprivation, beatings, physical restraint and were forced to live in guarded barracks.’
      • ‘Nutrition deprivation also works wonders on making people more open to suggestion.’
      • ‘A fear of water deprivation or perhaps the memory of the effects of drought-induced scarcity underpinned many of the documented water disputes.’
      dispossession, withholding, withdrawal, removal, taking away, stripping, divestment, divestiture, wresting away, expropriation, seizure, confiscation, robbing, appropriation
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2archaic The action of depriving someone of office, especially an ecclesiastical office.
      • ‘No one is allowed to threaten anyone with imprisonment or deprivation of his office; for faith is the gift of God.’
      • ‘The suspension of his pay and subsistence was no deprivation of his office, any more than shaking off the apples is cutting down the tree.’
      • ‘Strange rumours were afloat respecting the conduct of Charles; none of which, it is to be presumed, met the Baron's ears, or assuredly the deprivation of his office would have followed.’
      • ‘Cornelius was put to the torture and on August 19 sentenced to deprivation of his offices and banishment.’
      • ‘In 1619 he narrowly escaped deprivation of his office for not taking the sacrament in conformity to the five articles of Perth.’


Late Middle English (in the sense ‘removal from office’): from medieval Latin deprivatio(n-), from the verb deprivare (see deprive).