Definition of deprivation in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The damaging lack of material benefits considered to be basic necessities in a society.

    ‘low wages mean that 3.75 million people suffer serious deprivation’
    [count noun] ‘rural households could escape the worst deprivations of the towns’
    • ‘They are suffering the same deprivations as the demonstrators.’
    • ‘However, the state of deprivation of his possessions has continued.’
    • ‘The analysis of 32,482 neighbourhoods used 37 deprivation indicators to calculate the quality of life.’
    • ‘Corruption causes massive human deprivations and creates sudden and extreme income inequalities.’
    • ‘Most people come to parenthood with a determination to spare their children the deprivations and chastisements of their own youth.’
    • ‘Communities still recovering from the hardships of war found themselves forced back into wartime deprivations.’
    • ‘Children played in the rubble in the streets, but in spite of their many deprivations people, especially children, were pleasant and cheerful.’
    • ‘A great many of us can remember, though we were children at the time, the deprivations of the 1939-45 war, when everyone was urged to ‘dig for victory’ to enable us to feed ourselves.’
    • ‘Consequently, I have the utmost respect for all those who served in the war and suffered its deprivations.’
    • ‘This only makes those accounts that detail the terrible hardships, deprivations, and dangers more effective.’
    • ‘However, the condition was held to be unreasonable because it amounted to the deprivation of property without proper compensation.’
    • ‘For eight years the accused knew hardship, but their ills largely went beyond deprivations of a material order.’
    • ‘He's juxtaposed cartoonish fantasy with the most painful and revealing details of his childhood deprivations and wrecked marriage.’
    • ‘It's a thriller about courage and ingenuity during the escape, and deprivations Vili survived before being saved by a farming family across the Austrian border.’
    • ‘Those working in convalescent hospitals, away from the front lines, also suffered the deprivations of war.’
    • ‘He claimed that he and his new bride Dymphna suffered material deprivation when they were first in England.’
    • ‘The German people also had suffered from the deprivations of war, and the restrictions placed on Germany after World War I caused more pain and suffering.’
    • ‘The goal has to include rapid reduction of today's deprivations, while making sure that whatever is achieved today can be sustained in the future.’
    • ‘There are holes in the material and it is roughly stitched together, its shabbiness evoking the deprivations of post-war Europe.’
    • ‘Some may have suffered the deprivations, or fought in the Second World War.’
    poverty, impoverishment, penury, privation, hardship, destitution, need, neediness, want, distress, financial distress, indigence, pauperdom, beggary, ruin
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    1. 1.1The lack or denial of something considered to be a necessity.
      ‘sleep deprivation’
      • ‘He notes a case where a user inhaled the gas from a mask directly attached to a medical gas tank, lost consciousness, and subsequently died from oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘How can humans tolerate extreme oxygen deprivation at very high altitudes?’
      • ‘A fast is food deprivation for a set amount of time, and no one is supposed to die.’
      • ‘For example, one grantee is studying how developing nerve cells in the fetal brain respond to prolonged oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘Short-term food deprivation both standardized and maximized the motivation of individuals to compete for food resources during dominance trials.’
      • ‘The condition causes the excretion of calcium and potassium in the urine and may harm the bones and kidneys if carb deprivation is unchecked.’
      • ‘The sensory deprivation provided by the loss of any visual data can be unnerving.’
      • ‘Nutrition deprivation also works wonders on making people more open to suggestion.’
      • ‘The women experienced food deprivation, beatings, physical restraint and were forced to live in guarded barracks.’
      • ‘Sleep and food deprivation, along with the forced adoption of extremely uncomfortable postures for hours on end, do the trick.’
      • ‘A combination of severe resource deprivation and military conservatism inhibited the army from developing a modern force.’
      • ‘Because they're designed for automobiles, today's cities are leading to a life-threatening level of exercise deprivation.’
      • ‘During that time away, he decided to quit his photography job and pursue a Ph.D.—a decision his wife attributed to high-altitude oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘The group supports the view that nature deprivation is at the root of an increasing number of mental disorders today.’
      • ‘A fear of water deprivation or perhaps the memory of the effects of drought-induced scarcity underpinned many of the documented water disputes.’
      dispossession, withholding, withdrawal, removal, taking away, stripping, divestment, divestiture, wresting away, expropriation, seizure, confiscation, robbing, appropriation
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    2. 1.2archaic The action of depriving someone of office, especially an ecclesiastical office.
      • ‘The suspension of his pay and subsistence was no deprivation of his office, any more than shaking off the apples is cutting down the tree.’
      • ‘Cornelius was put to the torture and on August 19 sentenced to deprivation of his offices and banishment.’
      • ‘In 1619 he narrowly escaped deprivation of his office for not taking the sacrament in conformity to the five articles of Perth.’
      • ‘Strange rumours were afloat respecting the conduct of Charles; none of which, it is to be presumed, met the Baron's ears, or assuredly the deprivation of his office would have followed.’
      • ‘No one is allowed to threaten anyone with imprisonment or deprivation of his office; for faith is the gift of God.’


Late Middle English (in the sense ‘removal from office’): from medieval Latin deprivatio(n-), from the verb deprivare (see deprive).