Definition of deprivation in English:



mass noun
  • 1The damaging lack of material benefits considered to be basic necessities in a society.

    ‘low wages mean that 3.75 million people suffer serious deprivation’
    count noun ‘rural households could escape the worst deprivations of the towns’
    • ‘However, the state of deprivation of his possessions has continued.’
    • ‘Those working in convalescent hospitals, away from the front lines, also suffered the deprivations of war.’
    • ‘Most people come to parenthood with a determination to spare their children the deprivations and chastisements of their own youth.’
    • ‘The goal has to include rapid reduction of today's deprivations, while making sure that whatever is achieved today can be sustained in the future.’
    • ‘He claimed that he and his new bride Dymphna suffered material deprivation when they were first in England.’
    • ‘Children played in the rubble in the streets, but in spite of their many deprivations people, especially children, were pleasant and cheerful.’
    • ‘Consequently, I have the utmost respect for all those who served in the war and suffered its deprivations.’
    • ‘A great many of us can remember, though we were children at the time, the deprivations of the 1939-45 war, when everyone was urged to ‘dig for victory’ to enable us to feed ourselves.’
    • ‘This only makes those accounts that detail the terrible hardships, deprivations, and dangers more effective.’
    • ‘Some may have suffered the deprivations, or fought in the Second World War.’
    • ‘The German people also had suffered from the deprivations of war, and the restrictions placed on Germany after World War I caused more pain and suffering.’
    • ‘He's juxtaposed cartoonish fantasy with the most painful and revealing details of his childhood deprivations and wrecked marriage.’
    • ‘However, the condition was held to be unreasonable because it amounted to the deprivation of property without proper compensation.’
    • ‘They are suffering the same deprivations as the demonstrators.’
    • ‘Communities still recovering from the hardships of war found themselves forced back into wartime deprivations.’
    • ‘Corruption causes massive human deprivations and creates sudden and extreme income inequalities.’
    • ‘There are holes in the material and it is roughly stitched together, its shabbiness evoking the deprivations of post-war Europe.’
    • ‘The analysis of 32,482 neighbourhoods used 37 deprivation indicators to calculate the quality of life.’
    • ‘For eight years the accused knew hardship, but their ills largely went beyond deprivations of a material order.’
    • ‘It's a thriller about courage and ingenuity during the escape, and deprivations Vili survived before being saved by a farming family across the Austrian border.’
    poverty, impoverishment, penury, privation, hardship, destitution, need, neediness, want, distress, financial distress, indigence, pauperdom, beggary, ruin
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    1. 1.1 The lack or denial of something considered to be a necessity.
      ‘sleep deprivation’
      • ‘The condition causes the excretion of calcium and potassium in the urine and may harm the bones and kidneys if carb deprivation is unchecked.’
      • ‘Because they're designed for automobiles, today's cities are leading to a life-threatening level of exercise deprivation.’
      • ‘A combination of severe resource deprivation and military conservatism inhibited the army from developing a modern force.’
      • ‘During that time away, he decided to quit his photography job and pursue a Ph.D.—a decision his wife attributed to high-altitude oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘The women experienced food deprivation, beatings, physical restraint and were forced to live in guarded barracks.’
      • ‘A fast is food deprivation for a set amount of time, and no one is supposed to die.’
      • ‘Sleep and food deprivation, along with the forced adoption of extremely uncomfortable postures for hours on end, do the trick.’
      • ‘For example, one grantee is studying how developing nerve cells in the fetal brain respond to prolonged oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘He notes a case where a user inhaled the gas from a mask directly attached to a medical gas tank, lost consciousness, and subsequently died from oxygen deprivation.’
      • ‘A fear of water deprivation or perhaps the memory of the effects of drought-induced scarcity underpinned many of the documented water disputes.’
      • ‘The sensory deprivation provided by the loss of any visual data can be unnerving.’
      • ‘The group supports the view that nature deprivation is at the root of an increasing number of mental disorders today.’
      • ‘How can humans tolerate extreme oxygen deprivation at very high altitudes?’
      • ‘Nutrition deprivation also works wonders on making people more open to suggestion.’
      • ‘Short-term food deprivation both standardized and maximized the motivation of individuals to compete for food resources during dominance trials.’
      dispossession, withholding, withdrawal, removal, taking away, stripping, divestment, divestiture, wresting away, expropriation, seizure, confiscation, robbing, appropriation
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    2. 1.2archaic The action of depriving someone of office, especially an ecclesiastical office.
      • ‘Cornelius was put to the torture and on August 19 sentenced to deprivation of his offices and banishment.’
      • ‘The suspension of his pay and subsistence was no deprivation of his office, any more than shaking off the apples is cutting down the tree.’
      • ‘In 1619 he narrowly escaped deprivation of his office for not taking the sacrament in conformity to the five articles of Perth.’
      • ‘Strange rumours were afloat respecting the conduct of Charles; none of which, it is to be presumed, met the Baron's ears, or assuredly the deprivation of his office would have followed.’
      • ‘No one is allowed to threaten anyone with imprisonment or deprivation of his office; for faith is the gift of God.’


Late Middle English (in the sense ‘removal from office’): from medieval Latin deprivatio(n-), from the verb deprivare (see deprive).