Definition of depressive in English:



  • 1Causing feelings of severe despondency and dejection.

    • ‘I didn't realize what a depressive rut I'd been in for the last couple of months.’
    • ‘Instead I'm indulging in depressive whingeing because I needed the best possible conditions to start tackling a heavier workload and everything seems to have gone pear shaped.’
    • ‘However, persistent severe depressive moods are not part of the ‘normal’ spectrum of behaviour.’
    • ‘I pushed myself to attend two hours of scriptwriting and rather than delve deeper into depressive moods, I just walked out of class and back home.’
    • ‘I have been credited with the accolade of the most compulsively depressive blog and that is not without reason.’
    • ‘It wasn't a superior put down, or depressive lament.’
    • ‘Eventually he moved away from the melancholic, depressive themes towards authentic descriptions of villagers and country life.’
    • ‘Occasionally you're thrown a jolt by something resembling French pop, but the shock subsides once you're into the next depressive acoustic number.’
    • ‘The depressive group are sitting quietly after ten minutes, the happy group are all chatting, but both groups deny they've been influenced by statements.’
    • ‘The best punk rock, or whatever, always comes from the most depressive governments.’
    • ‘By contrast, British pop, fuelled by speed and e, moves in fits and starts, breaks and loops, sudden surges, depressive longeurs and doublings-back.’
    • ‘The rest of the album meanders about in cliché depressive lyrics that fails to convey any real emotion.’
    • ‘There was scarcely a subject on which he could not discourse with humor and invention, from the depressive mood of the country to its other civic troubles.’
    • ‘We get the feeling that seeing a woman walk out the door with her suitcases packed is a biannual event for Don, yet it sets him into a depressive tailspin.’
    • ‘With my other journal no longer safe, this is slowly morphing into what it was (to a far lesser extent): a collection of mostly depressive snapshots.’
    1. 1.1Relating to or tending to suffer from clinical depression.
      ‘a depressive illness’
      • ‘The results are still being analysed but researchers say care home residents are enjoying life more and suffering less depressive illness.’
      • ‘However, elderly patients are the main group suffering seriously from depressive illnesses.’
      • ‘Women who do meet the criteria for a clinical depressive episode are referred for standard treatment.’
      • ‘We have listened carefully to the evidence which has been adduced regarding your state of mind and accept that you have suffered from a depressive illness.’
      • ‘In any given year, 9.5 percent of the population suffer from a depressive illness.’
    2. 1.2Causing a reduction in strength, effectiveness, or value.
      ‘steroids have a depressive effect on the immune system’
      • ‘Due to a respiratory depressive effect, a benzodiazepine may limit the amount of opioid that can be given; may cause mental status changes.’
      • ‘The drug appeared to have no observable depressive effect on respiratory rate.’
      • ‘These essential fatty acids have a depressive effect on inflammatory cytokines, thus stopping the domino nature of the inflammatory response.’
      • ‘Drugs such as the opioid antagonist naloxone and the benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil may be used to counter the respiratory depressive effects of these drugs.’
      • ‘Because of a similar depressive effect on left ventricular contractility, esmolol should be used with caution if initial treatment with a calcium channel blocker is not successful.’


  • A person suffering from or tending to suffer from depression.

    • ‘For both severe and mild depressives, the problem may lie in the amount of sunlight they get.’
    • ‘Other reports relate the attentional deficit among depressives to reduced processing capacity.’
    • ‘Melancholic depressives may also ruminate over the same thoughts and experiences, and feel excessive guilt.’
    • ‘Phase-advancing sleep may be a useful treatment for depressives who eschew medication.’
    • ‘They agree that those who do not share this identity cannot understand the suffering that depressives experience.’