Definition of deposition in English:



mass noun
  • 1The action of deposing someone, especially a monarch.

    ‘Edward V's deposition’
    • ‘The factional conflict erupted into Civil War which resulted in Henry's deposition in 1461 when Richard's son inaugurated the reign of the House of York as Edward IV.’
    • ‘At the point when his power to command death and to sustain his own life has been arrested, Richard is divested of the spectacular carapace that encases the body of the monarch, his deposition is a fall into subjectivity.’
    • ‘Ironically the media had reported the successful deposition of the leader before the coup had even taken place.’
    • ‘The rebels fought the emperor until his deposition in 1974.’
    • ‘The deposition and election of popes by a council obviously had far-reaching implications for ecclesiology: By what authority had these actions been carried out?’
    • ‘The treasures of a dynasty that survived civil war, deposition and the Great Fire of London are to be displayed to the public.’
    • ‘That July he tabled the motion at the Fascist Grand Council which led to Mussolini's deposition and arrest.’
    • ‘On his deposition Prince Carol Hohenzollen-Sigmaringen was elected.’
    • ‘Stratford later supported Edward II's deposition in Edward III's favour.’
    • ‘In June 1880, the governor of Herat, Ayub Khan, left Herat with a small army, intent on seizing the throne of Kabul left vacant by the British deposition of his elder brother, Yakub Khan.’
    • ‘By 1326, Edward's deposition in favour of his namesake son and heir seemed the only alternative to a mean, oppressive, and unsuccessful regime that engendered civil strife.’
    overthrow, overturning, toppling, downfall, removal from office, removal, unseating, dethronement, supplanting, displacement, dismissal, discharge, ousting, drumming out, throwing out, forcing out, driving out, expulsion, expelling, ejection, ejecting
    View synonyms
  • 2Law
    The giving of sworn evidence.

    ‘the deposition of four expert witnesses’
    • ‘That contradicted her sworn deposition, in which she said board members hadn't named what alternatives should be presented to balance evolutionary theory.’
    • ‘It tells the plaintiff, in effect, that he or she cannot even force the defendant to answer questions, in deposition or interrogatories, about what exactly occurred.’
    • ‘Mr Coppel informed us that neither the transcript of the memorandum interview, the video of it, or any other deposition is available to the Respondent.’
    • ‘He was sullen and evasive in his videotaped deposition for the governments antitrust case and the judge scolded him for lack of candor.’
    • ‘No defense attorneys were allowed to be present for his deposition, and now, obviously, they are unable to cross-examine him.’
    1. 2.1count noun A formal, usually written, statement to be used as evidence.
      ‘a commissioner to take depositions from witnesses’
      • ‘Besides his own confession, no other witnesses but the plaintiffs themselves provided depositions against Abraham.’
      • ‘A deposition is sworn testimony taken in an informal setting (no judge or jury) before trial as part of the prediscovery process.’
      • ‘All five made individual depositions and none had any reason to cover up what happened.’
      • ‘Several measures, however, have been allowed to shorten the process, including taking of depositions from potential witnesses while open court is not in session.’
      • ‘In fact, what happens is that on a ‘fast track’ plea, police officers do not prepare statements or depositions at all.’
      • ‘We will take her testimony under oath in a deposition and they'll probably take Michael's deposition and in a few months we'll go to trial.’
      • ‘I'd like to know if either side has taken any depositions and if they were taken, are they open to the media?’
      • ‘Right now, the lawyers are working on pre-trial hearings, depositions, and evidence gathering.’
      • ‘There is no suggestion that any deposition or witness statement should go before the jury in this case.’
      • ‘He was a notary, that is a public official who authenticates writings such as deeds and takes affidavits, and depositions.’
      statement, sworn statement, affidavit, attestation, affirmation, assertion
      View synonyms
  • 3The action of depositing something.

    ‘pebbles formed by the deposition of calcium in solution’
    • ‘Once in the atmosphere, the distribution and deposition of these substances is a function of prevailing winds and weather patterns.’
    • ‘They are using solution methods such chemical bath deposition to deposit films of semiconductor materials.’
    • ‘Weight gain in pregnancy includes such things as fluid retention, fat deposition, fetal size, potential for excess fluid around the baby.’
    • ‘The deposition of fat in the body, or the long-term accumulation of fat is dependent on only two things: the number of calories consumed and the number of calories burned.’
    • ‘Other evidence for the quick deposition of sediment on organisms as seen in a great catastrophe is provided by the presence of soft-bodied organisms in the fossil record.’
    • ‘It was one of the first minerals to crystallize, and it continued to be deposited throughout the sequence of mineral deposition.’
    • ‘In a state of the art review article, Chan and colleagues discuss calcium deposition with or without bone formation in the lung.’
    • ‘These sandstone monuments display evidence of large-scale catastrophic deposition and immense watery erosion.’
    • ‘Indeed, the gain in weight of both beef and chicken is ‘counterbalanced by excessive deposition of fat’.’
    • ‘These chemicals prevented normal calcium deposition during eggshell formation, and caused females to lay thin-shelled eggs that often broke before hatching.’
    • ‘They also agreed that it was impossible to estimate how much deposition would have occurred as a result of this and to what extent this would have influenced the vessel's ability to discharge the full cargo.’
    • ‘There is much evidence for zoning in these calcite crystals and also some evidence for breaks in deposition and even temporary dissolution.’
    • ‘The basic task of any excavator anywhere is to understand the series of depositions of various signs of human activity which have taken place since the mound was first occupied.’
    • ‘It is known that dense silica deposition in these four cell types occurs sporadically in the epidermis of grasses and bamboos.’
    • ‘The evidence for extremely fast deposition of carbonate caps is excellent in some areas.’
    • ‘Untreated inflammation can result in cataracts, calcium deposition in the cornea, glaucoma and, ultimately, blindness.’
    • ‘Each species forms distinct patterns of cell deposition within the annual growth rings, and the growth rings themselves are subject to variation through a number of different factors.’
    • ‘Silver was deposited near the end of the copper deposition, and most specimens show a combination of silver on copper.’
    depositing, settling
    View synonyms
  • 4the DepositionThe removal of the body of Christ from the Cross.

    • ‘The Pietà is the title given to the representation of the Virgin Mary, Mary Magdalene and St. John lamenting over the dead Christ after the Deposition and before the Entombment.’
    • ‘The scene of the Deposition at Parma is further amplified by the presence of John the Evangelist at the right of the cross, the three Marys, Magdalene, Jacobi and Salome and a group of soldiers playing for the garment of the Saviour.’


Late Middle English: from Latin depositio(n-), from the verb deponere (see deposit).