Definition of dependence in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else.

    ‘Japan's dependence on imported oil’
    • ‘As a democrat he argued that democracy and dependence on the military and the police are incompatible, a stand still significant today.’
    • ‘His dependence on a more capable partner may have prevented him from gaining a deep understanding of how to solve both problems.’
    • ‘Direct state funding of aid agencies to undertake such activities is a growing trend, as is overall dependence on government coffers.’
    • ‘Garages at the rear of homes free the front of the property for human interaction and decrease dependence on the automobile.’
    • ‘Is corn ethanol the way to reduce our dependence on foreign oil?’
    • ‘But James aimed to free the crown from any dependence on its subjects.’
    • ‘The writers were sometimes aware of other romances on the subject and often indicate their dependence on Chretien or other sources.’
    • ‘Her mental condition slowly deteriorates with her growing dependence on a fantasy she is unable to control.’
    • ‘Because of our great dependence on science, we assume that humanity should have the means to deal with any catastrophe.’
    • ‘The changed orientation of government was exemplified in the monarchy's new dependence on parliamentary taxes rather than feudal dues.’
    • ‘The cornea is reshaped to reduce the patient's dependence on glasses.’
    • ‘The explorers' frequent journal references to their horses are testimony to their dependence on those tough, grass-fed animals.’
    • ‘This dependence on imports has prodded the nation into tremendous achievements in improved efficiency.’
    • ‘Implemented citywide, it could reduce by half this arid city's expensive dependence on imported water.’
    • ‘The importance of sea control has increased with the world's growing dependence on international trade and ocean resources.’
    • ‘The money is divided among tobacco producing counties in Kentucky based on their economic dependence on the crop.’
    • ‘Despite continued Chinese dependence on larger, extended families, the nuclear family is most pervasive in Macau.’
    • ‘One fact unites all home schoolers: dependence on the efforts of mothers.’
    • ‘But our dependence on motor vehicles powered by fossil fuels incurs an array of external costs to the environment and the public's health.’
    • ‘During his presidency education expanded and the government made efforts to diversify the economy to release Zambia from its dependence on copper.’
    helplessness, weakness, defencelessness, vulnerability
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    1. 1.1Reliance on someone or something for financial support.
      ‘the dependence of our medical schools on grant funds’
      • ‘Their community has a strength, built upon trust and mutual dependence.’
      • ‘Of great relevance to the story is the financial dependence of the university.’
      • ‘Essentially, it is designed to provide protection where there is a financial dependence.’
      • ‘The deeper challenge is how to provide support in ways that challenge dependence.’
      • ‘What she chooses is true love and financial dependence - outside marriage.’
      • ‘As with the Chinese, the Japanese family also plays a key role in maintaining social stability, dependence, and mutual support.’
      • ‘He adds that, towards the end of last year, the company became cashflow - positive, reducing its dependence on external funding.’
      • ‘His big moment is when he lashes out at Joe in frustration because of his lost arm and his dependence on his brother's charity.’
      • ‘Paternalism fosters passivity and dependence, saps self confidence, and undermines people's ability to cope.’
      • ‘Thirdly, placements in supported housing at varying levels of dependence have increased enormously.’
      • ‘As a policy for financial independence of women, it creates financial dependence.’
      • ‘Choices made within these relationships, he argued, may give rise to the financial dependence of one partner on the other.’
      • ‘In the United Kingdom they face the effects of poverty, dependence, and lack of cohesive social support.’
      • ‘The disease frequently results in increasing dependence upon others for both social and practical support.’
      • ‘The predominance of wives among petitioners is due to their greater financial dependence.’
      • ‘Self help support programmes provide temporary help and not life long dependence.’
      • ‘On the other hand, he had to take into account the country's strong economic dependence on Russia.’
      • ‘The dependence of the US on financial inflows from the rest of the world is starting to cause concern in some financial circles.’
      • ‘Instead, they want to reduce dependence on debt during uncertain times.’
      • ‘The aim of the Brothers of Charity is to support each participant in a successful transition from dependence to independence.’
      reliance on, need for, seeking support from, leaning on, clinging to
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    2. 1.2Addiction to drink or drugs.
      ‘alcohol dependence’
      • ‘While it does not produce a physical addiction, psychological dependence is quite common.’
      • ‘Doctors are very cautious about prescribing sleeping pills to patients, since they often lead to serious drug dependence.’
      • ‘The law allowed for the suspension of penalties if the offender agreed to enter a treatment program for drug dependence.’
      • ‘They said this may boost the effects of physiological processes which lead to dependence and addiction.’
      • ‘Lifetime risks and correlates for both alcohol and drug abuse and dependence were estimated.’
      • ‘Methadone is also used to help some people control their dependence on heroin or other narcotics.’
      • ‘Patients with a past or present history of addiction or dependence on opioids account for the majority of these reports.’
      • ‘No other sociodemographic variables were significantly associated with recent drug dependence.’
      • ‘Nicotine is the substance in tobacco that is capable of causing addiction or dependence.’
      • ‘The self-medication hypothesis of addictive disorders: focus on heroin and cocaine dependence.’
      • ‘This increases both health risks and the likelihood of dependence or addiction.’
      • ‘Injections are also being developed to help tackle other serious addictions, including drugs dependence.’
      • ‘It is a cure with permanent remission from the symptoms of drug dependence.’
      • ‘Future research might focus on how to improve procedures assessing drug use and dependence in offenders.’
      • ‘Similarly, substance abuse counseling will refer to the treatment of drug abuse and dependence.’
      • ‘Tricyclic antidepressants don't cause dependence or addiction, but they can make you drowsy.’
      • ‘With proper and timely treatment the victim of alcohol dependence can beat his addiction and lead a useful, productive life.’
      • ‘It is believed that prevention will help to deter drug abuse or the intensification of dependence.’
      • ‘Treatment for alcohol abuse or dependence may include outpatient detoxification.’
      • ‘The popular view is that cannabis is not a drug of dependence because it does not have a clearly defined withdrawal syndrome.’
      addiction, dependency, over-reliance, reliance
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Late Middle English (in the sense ‘hanging down or something that hangs down’): from Old French dependance, from the verb dependre (see depend).