One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
(of a plant, marine invertebrate, or structure) tree-shaped; branching.
- ‘The tiny conical shells known as dacryoconarids were also abundant and evolving rapidly at this time, but only a few dendroid graptoloids remained from the Silurian faunas.’
- ‘Subcylindrical forms such as Stachyodes and Amphipora have been called dendroid or twiglike, and aluacerids have been called subcylindrical, cylindrical, or columnar.’
- ‘Further, older autozooids in major proximal regions of some large dendroid colonies stopped growing skeletons outwardly as distal colony growth continued.’
- ‘The intermediate-level benthos was dominated by sponges, corals, giant bivalves, giant brachiopods, stalked echinoderms and fixed dendroid graptolites.’
- ‘Many dendroid colonies in lower Paleozoic trepostomes developed narrow exozones of young presumably feeding autozooids in cycles that covered growing branch tips.’
A graptolite (fossil marine invertebrate) of a type that formed much-branched colonies, found chiefly in the Ordovician and Silurian periods.
Order Dendroidea, class Graptolithina
- ‘In the Early Ordovician, many-branched planktonic forms developed from the attached dendroids.’
Mid 19th century: from dendro- ‘tree’ + -oid.
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