Definition of den in English:

den

noun

  • 1A wild mammal's hidden home; a lair.

    ‘a female mink had set up her den there’
    • ‘North American river otters build dens in the burrows of other mammals, in natural hollows, such as under a log, or in river banks.’
    • ‘Colugos are nocturnal, passing the day in dens in hollow trees or suspended from branches.’
    • ‘They also build dens in stream banks with the entrance underwater.’
    • ‘He studied their habits and habitats and knew exactly when the fox or badger was in the den or sett.’
    • ‘Inhabiting thick, wooded country and arid, shrubby areas, jaguars often make their dens in caves, or under overhanging rocks.’
    • ‘Others build dens in hollow logs, under tree roots, or in abandoned buildings.’
    • ‘The pups emerged from their protective den, pawing the earth in celebration.’
    • ‘One smaller, rusty-colored female gathered up the younger pups and herded them back into the den.’
    • ‘In the extreme cold of the Arctic winter, hares dig dens in hardened drifts, and, while resting, they sit on their well-furred hind feet hunched into a heat-conserving ball.’
    • ‘Some terriers' tails were cropped because it made it easier for them to get into badger setts, fox dens and the like.’
    • ‘Skunks, foxes, weasels, opossums and rabbits all use groundhog burrows for their dens.’
    • ‘For example, everyone is familiar with kittens playing together, or has seen film of fox or wolf cubs wrestling and fighting at the mouth of the den.’
    • ‘When the weather improved they disappeared back to their dens or caves in the forests.’
    • ‘Bears will seldom den in habitat that is not capable of catching large snowdrifts.’
    • ‘We traced the primary crime scene back to a wild coyote den.’
    • ‘With a muffled growl, the white lycan crawled her way up the narrow tunnel of the den, and stepped out into the world, her world.’
    • ‘One can also speculate that cubs emerging from dens in sub-optimal habitats would experience reduced survival.’
    • ‘The spotted hyena spends its day in holes in the ground, or in rocky dens.’
    • ‘Allen says it is not unusual to see ski tracks going right over a sleeping bear's den in the middle of winter.’
    • ‘Despite their tiny size, the naked mole-rat family den may stretch for 2 miles entirely underground, with various rooms.’
    lair, sett, earth, drey, lodge, burrow, hole, tunnel, cave, dugout, hollow, covert, shelter, hiding place, hideout
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    1. 1.1informal A room or hideout where a person can go to relax or be private.
      ‘Harriet built a den in a tree’
      • ‘Another flight of stairs leads to a good sized attic room which could suit a variety of uses - a den, games room, home office or perhaps a teenager's bedroom.’
      • ‘Opposite the dining side of the living room is the den, entered by a wide doorway flanked by interior windows.’
      • ‘Gabrielle entered what seem to be a den or second living room.’
      • ‘She turned at the bottom of the stairs and passed through the den to the family room.’
      • ‘So I looked on other shelves in the living room, in the den, in the bedroom, and in my office downstairs.’
      • ‘When my oldest daughter left home, I decided to turn her room into a small den.’
      • ‘This room would also make an ideal den or music room for teenagers, as it is well away from the main reception area.’
      • ‘It was about ten at night so everyone had already retired to their rooms or the den.’
      • ‘LeeAnne doubled back and we all went through the living room into a den, which had been set up with streamers and things.’
      • ‘This bedroom has both a bay and Velux window and could suit a variety of uses such as a den or games room.’
      • ‘Kyle stood and led the two out of the family room into the den, where all of his equipment was stored.’
      • ‘To the left were six rooms: a living room, a den, a dining area, a kitchen, and the final room was the entire width of the house.’
      • ‘It is currently used as a home office although given its size it could also be used as a den, games room or sixth bedroom.’
      • ‘To the right of the entrance hall is the original dining room, which has now become a den or winter sitting room with deep lilac walls and a dark wood fireplace.’
      • ‘The den, computer room, and bathroom were all empty.’
      • ‘Sean was in the den relaxing when he called out to me in the kitchen as I was preparing dinner.’
      • ‘No one was in the living room, or the den, so I headed for the kitchen.’
      • ‘Had my father lived, he might have sought my advice the way Nancy's seeks hers, confiding his conflicts in private, in his den.’
      • ‘After dinner the whole family split up between the den, family room and basement.’
      • ‘These are the privileged few who had intimate meetings with the candidates in corporate suites and the private dens of the super rich.’
      study, studio, library
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    2. 1.2 A place where people meet in secret, typically to engage in an illicit activity.
      ‘an opium den’
      ‘a den of iniquity’
      • ‘The point might have been better made if this Elizabethan underworld wasn't depicted in a way that makes the average children's nursery look like a den of iniquity.’
      • ‘He was sent undercover into the dens of iniquity that made the city famous.’
      • ‘The City had obtained search warrants for various sites suspected of being dens of criminal activity, said communication's officer for the city.’
      • ‘Escaping to one of the ‘safe’ homes you find a den of thieves who trick you into handing over all your cash.’
      • ‘The building was old and derelict, a suitable place for a den of thieves.’
      • ‘Here some doctors worked clandestinely for the separatists and turned it into a den of separatist conspiracies.’
      • ‘Now, it has descended into a public den of iniquity used by local youths who have no sense of propriety.’
      • ‘With its small garden courtyard, the club looked, from the outside, more like an inconspicuous Renaissance home than a den of dance iniquity.’
      • ‘The commission has been looking into a myriad of claims centring on the fixing of races, bribery and gambling dens.’
      • ‘George and Tony took the gang back to their secret den to discuss what to do next.’
      • ‘They alleged that surveillance indicated the venue was a den of iniquity and a haven for drug users and underage drinkers.’
      • ‘As she walked toward a dark alleyway containing a concealed entrance to the labyrinth of thieves' dens called the Maze, she bumped right into a young man in a City uniform, who said a nasty word.’
      • ‘Telecommunications have demystified what once were foreboding dens of iniquity - put more simply, the city is a less scary place to be.’
      • ‘The bar was condemned anew as a den of iniquity, black with the sins of alcohol and secondhand smoke.’
      • ‘Bombed-out buildings house dens of illicit commerce, while bridges and river banks swarm with a second society.’
      • ‘But Scrushy's incompetence went far beyond allowing a den of thieves to run amok in the finance department.’
      • ‘It could be a special spot in the woods, or a secret den that you've built with friends.’
      • ‘Not all entertainment businesses which cater to young people are dens of iniquity.’
      • ‘Such was the popularity of these drinking dens that to meet the demand at the height of the boom in 1760, the Firth of Forth yielded 30 million oysters a year.’
      • ‘These are usually rather dark dens of iniquity, in my experience, but not so here.’
      haunt, site, patch, hotbed, cradle, nest, pit, hole
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  • 2US A small subdivision of a Cub Scout pack.

    • ‘Once a month, all of the dens and family members gather for a pack meeting under the direction of a Cubmaster and pack committee.’
    • ‘Cub Scouting members join a Cub Scout pack and are assigned to a den, usually a neighborhood group of six to eight boys.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • (of a wild animal) live in a den.

    ‘the cubs denned in the late autumn’
    • ‘Yearlings in both families rejoined the adult females after breakup and denned with their mothers as 2-year-olds.’
    • ‘Polar bears denning in the area of the Simpson Peninsula, Nunavut’
    • ‘This time he would stay until the snows came, to make sure the cubs denned up.’
    • ‘Two of the three largest known polar bear denning areas are on Wrangel Island and the Svalbard Archipelago.’
    • ‘Most populations rely on terrestrial habitats for maternity denning and some take refuge on land in areas where the sea ice melts completely during summer.’
    • ‘Even within areas females are familiar with, there may be changes in the habitat available for maternity denning.’
    • ‘Polar bears denning in Norway and Russia near the North Pole carry some of the highest levels of toxic compounds ever found in living animals.’
    • ‘Thus, we suspect that further searching for older den sites will confirm a longer history of maternity denning in this area than we have been able to confirm to date.’
    • ‘We don't seem to see the same number of adult females and cubs as we used to in denning areas.’
    • ‘It is not clear whether, or where, those bears were denning before their return.’
    • ‘Unlike the activities of the woodpeckers, a raccoon that denned in a hollow on the Indiana myotis roost tree made clear attempts to capture bats as they exited the roost.’
    • ‘Harington reported that extremely hard snow or very soft snow was unsuitable for denning.’
    • ‘The area is so important for denning and spring forage that the Forest Service closes its access road from April 1 through July 30.’
    • ‘African wild dogs den during the winter, from June to August, and on chilly July mornings the pups would huddle together until the urge to play overtook them.’
    • ‘We attempted to enter the dens of all radio-collared females that denned with yearlings during the 2000 den season.’
    • ‘The refuge also provides a year-round home for Musk oxen, a summer home to many migratory bird species, and is the largest polar bear denning area on land in the United States.’
    • ‘‘The coastal plain is the most significant on-land polar bear denning habitat in the U.S.,’ says the Wilderness Society.’
    • ‘A decline in body condition will reduce the proportion of pregnant females that are able to initiate denning.’
    • ‘Litter size was denned as the highest number of pups observed at any visit, which must be regarded as a minimum number.’
    • ‘We identified 617 disturbances on 72 trees that occurred during the time of year when polar bears were denning in the area and which we were unable to attribute to any other source.’

Origin

Old English denn, of Germanic origin; related to German Tenne ‘threshing floor’, also to dene.

Pronunciation

den

/dɛn/