Definition of delirium in English:

delirium

noun

mass noun
  • 1An acutely disturbed state of mind characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence, occurring in intoxication, fever, and other disorders.

    ‘somewhere a patient shouted in delirium’
    ‘she had fits of delirium’
    • ‘Neurologic consultation can help establish a differential diagnosis in patients with delirium.’
    • ‘Some affected people suffer mental disturbances such as delirium, hallucinations, and even psychotic behaviour.’
    • ‘Psychotic symptoms can appear as a part of delirium, dementia or any other organic brain syndrome.’
    • ‘The use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, or anticholinesterase inhibitors for insomnia related to delirium or dementia is also unproved.’
    • ‘Certain signs and symptoms can help physicians distinguish between delirium and a pre-existing psychiatric disorder.’
    • ‘Unlike dementia, delirium is a severe but temporary state of mental confusion.’
    • ‘Cognitive impairment, delirium, and dementia are present in some older adult patients.’
    • ‘Schizophrenia is conventionally distinguished from the organic psychoses dementia and delirium by the absence of intellectual compromise.’
    derangement, dementia, dementedness, temporary insanity, temporary madness
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    1. 1.1 Wild excitement or ecstasy.
      ‘a chorus of delirium from the terrace’
      • ‘There's a floodlit stage and electronic band of ‘gruperos’ in transports of salsa-invoked delirium.’
      • ‘The smell of incense filled the room and transported me, in my delirium, back to my youth as a Miami altar boy.’
      • ‘Not only did the win send the home fans into state of rapturous delirium, but the achievement relieved the team's coach, who had looked tense during the final.’
      • ‘I ended up getting a digital keyboard, which was so amazing to me - excitement to the point of delirium.’
      • ‘‘The thrill, the mad delirium of being free is beyond description,’ he writes.’
      ecstasy, rapture, transports, wild emotion, passion, wildness, excitement, frenzy, feverishness, fever
      View synonyms

Origin

Mid 16th century: from Latin, from delirare ‘deviate, be deranged’ (literally ‘deviate from the furrow’), from de- ‘away’ + lira ‘ridge between furrows’.

Pronunciation

delirium

/dɪˈlɪrɪəm/