Definition of delirium in English:

delirium

noun

mass noun
  • 1An acutely disturbed state of mind characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence, occurring in intoxication, fever, and other disorders.

    ‘somewhere a patient shouted in delirium’
    ‘she had fits of delirium’
    • ‘Unlike dementia, delirium is a severe but temporary state of mental confusion.’
    • ‘Schizophrenia is conventionally distinguished from the organic psychoses dementia and delirium by the absence of intellectual compromise.’
    • ‘Certain signs and symptoms can help physicians distinguish between delirium and a pre-existing psychiatric disorder.’
    • ‘Psychotic symptoms can appear as a part of delirium, dementia or any other organic brain syndrome.’
    • ‘Neurologic consultation can help establish a differential diagnosis in patients with delirium.’
    • ‘The use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, or anticholinesterase inhibitors for insomnia related to delirium or dementia is also unproved.’
    • ‘Cognitive impairment, delirium, and dementia are present in some older adult patients.’
    • ‘Some affected people suffer mental disturbances such as delirium, hallucinations, and even psychotic behaviour.’
    derangement, dementia, dementedness, temporary insanity, temporary madness
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    1. 1.1 Wild excitement or ecstasy.
      ‘a chorus of delirium from the terrace’
      • ‘There's a floodlit stage and electronic band of ‘gruperos’ in transports of salsa-invoked delirium.’
      • ‘‘The thrill, the mad delirium of being free is beyond description,’ he writes.’
      • ‘I ended up getting a digital keyboard, which was so amazing to me - excitement to the point of delirium.’
      • ‘The smell of incense filled the room and transported me, in my delirium, back to my youth as a Miami altar boy.’
      • ‘Not only did the win send the home fans into state of rapturous delirium, but the achievement relieved the team's coach, who had looked tense during the final.’
      ecstasy, rapture, transports, wild emotion, passion, wildness, excitement, frenzy, feverishness, fever
      View synonyms

Origin

Mid 16th century: from Latin, from delirare ‘deviate, be deranged’ (literally ‘deviate from the furrow’), from de- ‘away’ + lira ‘ridge between furrows’.

Pronunciation

delirium

/dɪˈlɪrɪəm/