Definition of deliberate in English:



  • 1Done consciously and intentionally.

    ‘a deliberate attempt to provoke conflict’
    • ‘He said there is no deliberate attempt to provoke feelings of isolation, but the looped video of a train constantly leaving the viewer stranded is a touch eerie.’
    • ‘We have reason to believe at this point in time with the evidence through the course of the investigation this was premeditated, deliberate, intentional.’
    • ‘Most of the hostility faced by conservatives is not explicit, and often not conscious or deliberate.’
    • ‘What is most chilling is the deliberate and calculated attempt by Government to take on its most vulnerable and to make them enemies of the State.’
    • ‘You also talk about the ruling class and how to gauge their intentions - to what extent their actions are deliberate and conscious.’
    • ‘Genocide is the deliberate and preplanned attempt to wipe out a particular race of people.’
    • ‘But basically I think the problem with it is, is that both of these stories are deliberate and conscious constructs right from the beginning.’
    • ‘Yeah, but the cuts planned in those services are a deliberate attempt to undermine social provision, not a necessity of economics.’
    • ‘It was a conscious, deliberate effort to distill myself into a bunch of electrons residing on a server somewhere on the World Wide Web.’
    • ‘Separation from family is one of the most apparent costs of participating in the program and it's a conscious and deliberate strategy and policy.’
    • ‘This correspondence and subsequent appropriation may not have been deliberate or completely conscious.’
    • ‘To my mind a lie is a deliberate intent to deceive.’
    • ‘Another sort of deliberate attempt to purposely sabotage you?’
    • ‘It furthermore does not assume that quitting was a conscious and deliberate act as has often been assumed as part of formal cessation programs.’
    • ‘Our consciousness is biased to think that its own intentions and deliberate choices rule our lives.’
    • ‘And those injuries have been inflicted with deliberate and premeditated intent.’
    • ‘‘The action and conduct of the two newspapers was conscious and deliberate,’ he said.’
    • ‘I always make a conscious and deliberate effort to cover these matters in each patient in order not to miss anything.’
    • ‘Institutional racism does not have to be deliberate and conscious.’
    • ‘He would need to show a willful mendacity, an intention to deceive by deliberate falsification.’
    intentional, calculated, conscious, done on purpose, intended, planned, meant, considered, studied, knowing, wilful, wanton, purposeful, purposive, premeditated, pre-planned, thought out in advance, prearranged, preconceived, predetermined
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  • 2Careful and unhurried.

    ‘a conscientious and deliberate worker’
    • ‘Thus, we must take measured but deliberate steps in our financial war on terrorism.’
    • ‘Everything is very measured, very deliberate, very proper, with a flawless outer sheen concealing what lies just below the surface.’
    • ‘With a steady and deliberate pace, a figure wearing a hooded cloak came into view, holding a candelabra in one hand and a blanket of some kind in the other.’
    • ‘This is a very deliberate, cautious first step.’
    • ‘Like many men of his generation who have experienced war, this is how he is; measured, deliberate, cool - as if nothing in civilian life is worth getting too exited about.’
    • ‘There is no heat and fire in the characteristics of Saturn, no burning passion or inflamed desire, its movement is deliberate, steady and predictable.’
    • ‘Two sets of prints show adults, probably a male and female, walking in tandem at a steady and deliberate pace.’
    • ‘We want to be very, very careful, and I have every confidence in my husband, in his administration, that they will be very careful and very deliberate over this.’
    • ‘Instead, he straightened his spine and took a few slow, deliberate steps forward.’
    • ‘Their movements like the placement of the candles are measured and deliberate.’
    • ‘He is very deliberate, very careful, has a wonderful sense of humor.’
    • ‘That is why the introduction of a national ID card should be careful and deliberate, not something done in excess haste.’
    • ‘The needs of children and youth of adoption, however, necessitate their application in a deliberate and conscientious manner.’
    • ‘She was being quite deliberate with her movements, and I wanted to know why.’
    • ‘With deliberate caution, he slid the scroll into his tunic and patted it gently.’
    • ‘The camp location was chosen with careful and deliberate thought.’
    • ‘This time around, reckless abandon has given way to cautious and deliberate strokes.’
    • ‘Recruiting teachers has become a careful and deliberate process because the reputation of the institution depends on them.’
    • ‘Father spoke much too casually; Mama's stitching was much too steady and deliberate, almost forced.’
    • ‘Scientists can also change an electrolyte's ionic strength to alter the outcome of a reaction in a measured, deliberate way.’
    methodical, systematic, careful, painstaking, meticulous, thorough
    careful, cautious, unhurried, measured, regular, even, steady
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    1. 2.1Fully considered; not impulsive.
      ‘a deliberate decision’
      • ‘He claims his motive in this decision has been deliberate, rather than a result of his not being invited to participate.’
      • ‘It might have been a very sensible, deliberate decision.’
      • ‘It was a very deliberate decision when I started the site that I was going to swear like a trooper.’
      • ‘And over time, we began to realise as it sunk in that it wasn't a mistake, that this was a deliberate decision.’
      • ‘It was a deliberate decision to challenge myself.’
      • ‘He will be very different - but not from deliberate decision, but because like any assembly of the powerful, those assembled wish to exercise that power for different ends.’
      • ‘But again that's making it sound terribly conscious and deliberate, and I'm not that kind of writer.’
      • ‘I still have no idea why it was that he chose to reveal himself to me at that moment, but I am sure he did just as I am sure that it was a deliberate decision on his part.’
      • ‘He said there was a deliberate decision not to put the decentralised departments into gateways.’
      • ‘A conscious and deliberate thinking on wealth creation is mandatory and is not evident in the current budget.’
      • ‘It was this committee that took the deliberate decision that the coronation of Charles II would be conducted as if the previous ten years had not happened.’
      • ‘A deliberate decision - decided I would vote when it was voluntary.’
      • ‘Only deliberate effort enables one fully to grasp the implications of such a position.’
      • ‘That was a deliberate decision as I was looking for a pure sound which was of a certain kind.’
      • ‘At the same time, it has left him open to charges of flip-flopping, and concerns that his deliberate, decision - making style may be a hindrance in the Oval Office.’
      • ‘But what you're also seeing is some very deliberate decisions by people who have seen what's happening federally, particularly from the Government.’
      • ‘They've made a deliberate decision on this album not to use any keyboards, and to have no conventional guitar solos.’
      • ‘In part, the continued support for settlements results from deliberate policy decisions.’
      • ‘Can't quite remember if that was a deliberate decision or not…’
      • ‘But this question assumes that writing is a whole lot more conscious and deliberate than it actually is.’


  • 1 Engage in long and careful consideration.

    ‘she deliberated over the menu’
    • ‘The jury is continuing to deliberate on another charge of false accounting and another of furnishing false information.’
    • ‘The jury deliberated on the penalty phase late into Friday evening, but did not reach a unanimous verdict.’
    • ‘On the timing of the withdrawal, the official said that the company deliberated over the issue and acted on the said date when the case came up for hearing.’
    • ‘I had planned this moment for so long, tripped over details in my head, deliberated over how I would do this.’
    • ‘In those days you would get a good late model Porsche 911 for half that money and I deliberated over this offer for about a week, eventually deciding that ‘good sense’ would say to let it go by.’
    • ‘In carrying out this study, the panel met and deliberated over a period of almost 2 years.’
    • ‘I deliberated over it for months and my husband and I discussed it at length before I decided to go on tour.’
    • ‘The jury deliberated for just under five hours before returning the guilty verdicts.’
    • ‘Conferees deliberated over issues like the moral questions raised by new brain scanning techniques, which some believe will lead to the creation of truly effective lie detectors.’
    • ‘The jury had deliberated for nine hours after the three-week trial.’
    • ‘As Law Lords deliberated over whether the use of the Parliament Act to ban hunting was legal, the biggest parade of hounds in history left their decision somewhat irrelevant.’
    • ‘For the rest of the year, every activity can be weighed up and deliberated over according to the level of risk that it carries, and what could be gained by doing it.’
    • ‘I got angry in the morning, then simmered all afternoon while I deliberated over how I would display my anger, and then went and displayed my anger.’
    • ‘I had a huge class for a mixed-media course, and really deliberated over what type of ‘practical’ final exam to give these students.’
    • ‘The news team, obviously at a loss about what to do while the jury deliberates, saw fit to write this story up and give the idiot fan concerned his moment in the media spotlight.’
    • ‘I went to a coffee shop and deliberated over which iced coffee to buy.’
    • ‘It certainly does not address the problem of judges telling the jury how to deliberate and vote.’
    • ‘She deliberated over going to the police to make a complaint, but came to the view that no-one would believe such a thing of such a well-known and respected figure.’
    • ‘I deliberated over the crayfish and lobster bisque or spiced blackened tuna with Moroccan couscous, coriander oil and sweet chilli sauce.’
    • ‘This was before it was razed in the late '80s and stood vacant for years while the city government deliberated over what to build there.’
    1. 1.1[with object]Consider (a question) carefully.
      ‘jurors deliberated the fate of those charged’
      [with clause] ‘they deliberated what they should do with him’
      • ‘Scientists are still deliberating this question.’
      • ‘The House has been deliberating the election bill in the past few months and is expected to endorse it by the end of this year.’
      • ‘The longer they spend deliberating the cuts, the happier I am.’
      • ‘I ultimately conclude that a number of parties play a role in deliberating claims of artistic value in rock music: music writers, artists, fans, and commercial interests.’
      • ‘Those bids are on hold until council deliberates rezoning.’
      • ‘Juries are often prohibited from considering penalties when deliberating a criminal case.’
      • ‘The executive will then spend a couple of days deliberating the matter before releasing their findings.’
      • ‘It wouldn't have been so bad if Monday hadn't been a bank holiday and Tuesday been a whole day spent in the boardroom deliberating the winners of this year's Awards.’
      • ‘In 1933, the Protestant Church deliberated the question of whether Christians converted from Judaism should still be allowed to belong to the Church.’
      • ‘The committee was tasked with deliberating the content of the bill, while the special team has dealt mainly with the bill's wording.’
      • ‘The House of Representatives is currently in the process of deliberating the amendment of the central bank law.’
      • ‘Legislators are in the midst of deliberating a bill on state bonds to allow the creation of a government debt market.’
      • ‘There should be a representative from this community on every ‘ethics’ board that deliberates such matters.’
      • ‘Jurors in the state are deliberating the fate of a long-time sheriff accused of ordering the murder of his successor.’
      • ‘The House of Representatives is also currently deliberating a bill on special autonomy, which is expected to provide another peaceful solution.’
      • ‘As I ran back and forth, hitting the balls he sent me, I deliberated the question - could I ethically have a different attitude toward Ben, just because he was with the girl I loved?’
      • ‘The seven female and five male jurors will continue deliberating verdicts today in the retrial at Hull Crown Court after being sent home last night.’
      • ‘The women were all very adamantly disciplined, unable to understand the natives' strange ways of deliberating their time and apportioning personal space.’
      • ‘The disagreement prompted lawmakers deliberating the controversial bill to bring the issue to a closed-door meeting on Thursday for lobbying.’
      • ‘Sources said the jury took two hours to deliberate Small's fate and a probation report would now be prepared to determine the term of his sentence.’
      think about, think over, ponder, consider, contemplate, reflect on, muse on, meditate on, ruminate on, mull over, chew over, turn over in one's mind, give thought to, cogitate about
      brood over, dwell on
      put on one's thinking cap, be in a brown study
      discuss, debate, weigh up
      think on
      pore on
      excogitate, cerebrate
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Late Middle English (as an adjective): from Latin deliberatus, considered carefully, past participle of deliberare, from de- down + librare weigh (from libra scales).