Definition of dehydrocholesterol in English:

dehydrocholesterol

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] A derivative of cholesterol present in the skin. It can be converted to cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) by the action of ultraviolet radiation.

    • ‘Other types of UV dosimeters are based on the photodamage of DNA in spores, bacteria or bacteriophages or the conversion of 7 - dehydrocholesterol to previtamin D.’
    • ‘High energy ultraviolet light enters the skin and causes the photochemical conversion of 7 - dehydrocholesterol to previtamin D 3, which at body temperature undergoes isomerization to vitamin D 3.’
    • ‘In the skin 7 - dehydrocholesterol is converted to cholecalciferol following UV irradiation.’
    • ‘The most important source of vitamin D for all individuals is the sunlight-driven conversion in skin of 7 - dehydrocholesterol to cholecalciferol.’
    • ‘Since 7 - dehydrocholesterol is present in the skin in large quantities and only needs sunlight to be activated, vitamin D is often called the ‘sunshine vitamin.’’

Origin

1930s: from dehydro- ‘that has lost hydrogen’+ cholesterol.

Pronunciation:

dehydrocholesterol

/diːˌhʌɪdrə(ʊ)kəˈlɛstərɒl/