Definition of deficiency in English:

deficiency

noun

  • 1A lack or shortage.

    ‘deficiencies in material resources’
    • ‘Scientists believe the normally docile beasts are eating the baby birds to make up for deficiencies in their diet on Rum, or even using them as a form of medicine.’
    • ‘Other risk factors include deficiencies in vitamin A, beta-carotene, vitamin C, and folic acid.’
    • ‘In many of the lesser developed countries of Central America, deficiencies in vitamins and minerals are a problem.’
    • ‘Like scurvy or pernicious anaemia, he puts it down to nutritional deficiencies in the modern diet: the lack of the essential vitamin B17.’
    • ‘Soy foods cause deficiencies in calcium and Vitamin D, which are essential for strong bones.’
    • ‘The new rules will mean replacing synthetic amino acids used to offset deficiencies in the hen's vegetarian diet with a natural alternative.’
    • ‘Yang deficiency unsuccessfully controls water, so there is profuse and clear urine.’
    • ‘Folic acid is especially important for women of childbearing age, as deficiencies of this nutrient have been linked with birth defects.’
    • ‘As the deficiency worsens children become pale and weak, eat less, and tire easily.’
    • ‘Sunscreen prevented sunlight from generating vitamin D in the skin, risking serious deficiencies in the long run.’
    • ‘Failure to meet this increased demand can result in a deficiency.’
    • ‘It is being run against the background of growing incidences of crop problems and, in some cases, crop failures due to deficiencies of lime and trace elements.’
    • ‘This condition was caused by taking insulin and failing to eat which gave rise to a deficiency of blood sugar causing the appellant to be unaware of what he was doing.’
    • ‘Boron deficiency is the most widespread of all the micronutrient deficiencies in many crop regions from tropical to temperate zones.’
    • ‘The liver can store up to six years worth of vitamin B 12, hence deficiencies in this vitamin are rare.’
    insufficiency, lack, shortage, want, dearth, inadequacy, deficit, shortfall
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    1. 1.1 A failing or shortcoming.
      ‘for all its deficiencies it remains his most powerful play’
      • ‘The unit showed significant improvement over 1998 but deficiencies remain.’
      • ‘Failure to address its leadership deficiencies could result in the party being out of office for as long as it was from 1846 to 1866.’
      • ‘Another remarkable feature Hu noticed in his early days in the city was the serious deficiency of work efficiency.’
      • ‘It is hard to fault the players, whatever their individual deficiencies.’
      • ‘The print used was in remarkable shape as there are very few noticeable flaws or deficiencies.’
      • ‘And the plant did not consistently produce potable water because of system failures and operational deficiencies.’
      • ‘Although examples of good practice do exist in some areas, 10 serious deficiencies remain.’
      • ‘What they call deficiencies and faults of the management of administrative agencies are necessary properties.’
      • ‘Most of the deficiencies involved failure to clean fingernails and to scrub for the required amount of time.’
      • ‘If we later find that a defaulted loan has an underwriting deficiency, we may ask the lender to repurchase the loan.’
      • ‘It is often our emotional weaknesses and deficiencies that cause our portfolios to fail, and not - as many like to think - because the market isn't rising.’
      • ‘Remaining deficiencies are entirely the writer's own.’
      • ‘It is customary in this House to have a bill, after each election and before the next, to tidy up any areas in which there are deficiencies or imperfections.’
      • ‘They described their role as similar to that of the media, in that they report deficiencies but have no real authority to manage the city.’
      • ‘The findings confirm that although the system does identify most breaches, deficiencies remain that need to be addressed.’
      • ‘An important deficiency of the act, however, was its failure to implement a standardised, routine data set for monitoring care plans.’
      • ‘Historically, teams were willing to carry accurate kickers with weaker legs because their deficiencies weren't as glaring.’
      • ‘Empire expected that the defects and deficiencies would be rectified.’
      • ‘The purchaser provided a lengthy list of defects and deficiencies to the vendor on October 23, 1996.’
      • ‘For if you love someone greatly, your love will be great enough to tolerate his or her shortcomings or deficiencies.’
      defect, fault, flaw, imperfection, weakness, weak point, weak spot, inadequacy, shortcoming, limitation, failing
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    2. 1.2 The amount by which something, especially revenue, falls short; a deficit.
      ‘a budget deficiency of $96 billion’
      • ‘Bouttell tells members that Yorkshire have budgeted for a deficiency in the current year of £389,000.’
      deficit, debit, debt, indebtedness, lack of profit, losing, depletion, minus sum of money
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Pronunciation

deficiency

/dɪˈfɪʃ(ə)nsi/