Main definitions of deferent in English

: deferent1deferent2

deferent1

adjective

  • another term for deferential
    • ‘Bob Hoskins sheds his Cockney vowels for a Received Pronounciation accent and plays a white version of the butler in a popular comedy - highly deferent, highly different.’
    • ‘As they give up power during adolescence and become more socially deferent, young women may become particularly susceptible to the influence of male peers in substance use initiation, maintenance, and relapse.’
    • ‘No, we will continue to queue and to offer our deferent thanks.’
    • ‘‘And… I will be properly deferent,’ she added with a laugh.’
    • ‘Those who gravitate to leadership or executive roles probably carry a dependency model of authority relationships, know how to manage upwards and expect those over whom they hold authority to be respectful and deferent.’
    • ‘Research on primates reveals that when resources are centrally located, the primate troupe will organize itself hierarchically, with an alpha male taking the leadership and the rest of the troupe deferent to that leadership.’
    • ‘What matters is who you are deferent to and how deferent you remain.’
    • ‘It wasn't so much obsequious as deferent, something that was most unusual in a politician.’
    • ‘And if I weren't deferent to Ross's advice, I would never have purchased Beethoven's Symphony #3 ‘Eroica’ or attempted Puccini's Tosca, both of which I have on my desk now.’
    • ‘Witnesses to the inquiry are deferent toward Hutton, seemingly confirming his authority and wisdom.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from defer and deference.

Pronunciation

deferent

/ˈdɛf(ə)r(ə)nt/

Main definitions of deferent in English

: deferent1deferent2

deferent2

noun

  • (in the Ptolemaic system of astronomy) the large circular orbit followed by the centre of the small epicycle in which a planet was thought to move.

    • ‘For example, each planet was said to move in its own small curve called an epicycle, while all the epicycles moved around the earth in larger circles called deferents.’
    • ‘By adjusting the sizes of the epicycle and the deferent, and the speeds with which the planet moves on the epicycle and the epicycle moves on the deferent, the planet will occasionally exhibit retrograde motion.’
    • ‘On the epicycle-deferent model, the planet P moves along an epicyclic circle, the centre of which moves along a deferent circle around the earth.’
    • ‘It was Ptolemy's mathematical tricks of deferent and epicycle which Copernicus modified to his own mathematical model.’
    • ‘When the intricacies of epicycles, deferents and equants were explained to him Alfonso ‘the Wise’ is said to have remarked that if the Almighty had consulted him on the matter, he would have recommended something a little simpler…’

Origin

Late Middle English: from medieval Latin deferent- ‘carrying away’, from the verb deferre.

Pronunciation

deferent

/ˈdɛf(ə)r(ə)nt/