Main definitions of defect in English

: defect1defect2

defect1

Pronunciation /ˈdiːfɛkt//dɪˈfɛkt/

noun

  • A shortcoming, imperfection, or lack:

    ‘genetic defects’
    [mass noun] ‘the property is free from defect’
    • ‘An accountant owes his sight to an optician who spotted a serious defect during a routine examination.’
    • ‘At the same time, our mind has the potential to become completely free of defects and limitations.’
    • ‘Alterations in the p53 gene are the most common genetic defects known to occur in human tumours.’
    • ‘She said the causes of the problem could be numerous, ranging from foot deformity to tissue defects.’
    • ‘A defect in this system may cause fluid retention and hypertension.’
    • ‘These abnormalities are caused by defects in the genes that tell the cells how to make collagen.’
    • ‘The transfer does the glossy animation justice by being clear and free of defects.’
    • ‘Regular vision check-ups can show a defect or a weakness that can usually be sorted if worked on.’
    • ‘No skid marks were found, he said, and both cars were free from defects.’
    • ‘These toxins can damage immune systems, trigger cancers and cause genetic defects.’
    • ‘Thirteen of the vehicles were served with defect notes and only 11 of all the coaches were free from any defects.’
    • ‘If their system is free of these defects, then it clearly is a superior system.’
    • ‘It was not a duty not to sell such a house nor was it a duty to warrant that all houses being sold by the local authority under the right to buy scheme were free of defects.’
    • ‘On the other hand, it is free from serious defects and is a good choice in its price category.’
    • ‘In other words, that would produce a much higher value diamond, and it would be freed of the defect which led to a crack.’
    • ‘Many suffer needlessly from eye defects due top lack of knowledge and basic equipment.’
    • ‘Women in the region live in constant fear of bearing children with genetic defects.’
    • ‘Such guarantees are given free of charge and promise that a product is free from defects in workmanship and materials.’
    • ‘Today, kinked tails are thought to be undesirable genetic defects in show cats.’
    • ‘Silicon for chip manufacture must be highly pure and free of defects in the crystalline packing of atoms.’
    fault, flaw, imperfection, deficiency, weakness, weak point, weak spot, inadequacy, shortcoming, limitation, failing, obstruction
    snag, kink, deformity, blemish, taint, crack, break, tear, split, scratch, chip, fracture, spot
    mistake, error
    bug, virus
    glitch, gremlin
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun, influenced by Old French defect deficiency): from Latin defectus, past participle of deficere desert or fail, from de- (expressing reversal) + facere do.

Pronunciation

defect

/ˈdiːfɛkt//dɪˈfɛkt/

Main definitions of defect in English

: defect1defect2

defect2

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • Abandon one's country or cause in favour of an opposing one:

    ‘he defected to the Soviet Union after the war’
    • ‘Managers for the candidates raced around the floor trying to pry delegates away from their opponents, and to keep those already on their side from defecting.’
    • ‘I believe our great councillor before him would never have defected and become a turncoat.’
    • ‘We have to add the risk of fines or jail into our calculations, and this may tip the balance in favour of cooperating rather than defecting.’
    • ‘Ieng Sary eventually defected to the government, helping end the long civil war.’
    • ‘That majority has eroded to a handful of seats over the past three years after several allies defected to the opposition.’
    • ‘In 1989, Zuyev was granted asylum in the USA after defecting from the Soviet Union in a MiG 29 and landing in Turkey.’
    • ‘Following the uprising, the son defected to London, where he headed a philanthropic group.’
    • ‘Nothing untoward happened to the traitor until he upped sticks and defected to Moscow.’
    • ‘Corpus was a soldier who defected to the communist side in the 1970s.’
    • ‘Some defected to the opposition, some began voting for other parties on the left and many simply stopped voting.’
    • ‘Between 600 and 800 soldiers have defected to create a new rebel group in the eastern part of the country.’
    • ‘Alibekov defected to the United States in 1992, changed his name, and made the talk-show circuit.’
    • ‘His family defected from the Soviet Union when he was five.’
    • ‘The standing army was in the process of disintegration as lower ranking officers defected to the opposition.’
    • ‘According to the reports sent to them some of the residents of the station may have defected to the rebels.’
    • ‘He's serving a 30-day sentence for abandoning his unit in 1965 and defecting to North Korea.’
    • ‘When Germany failed to take Russia Stalin went after those émigrés who had defected to the German forces.’
    • ‘This could almost be seen as defecting to the opposition.’
    • ‘He was one of about ten people who defected in that direction.’
    desert, go over to the enemy, change allegiances, change loyalties, change sides, turn traitor, rebel, renege, abscond, go awol, quit, escape
    shift ground, break faith, be apostate, apostatize
    abandon, renounce, repudiate, secede from, revolt against
    rat on
    forsake
    tergiversate
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 16th century: from Latin defect- failed, from the verb deficere (see defect).

Pronunciation

defect

/dɪˈfɛkt/