Definition of decompression in English:

decompression

noun

  • 1Reduction in air pressure:

    ‘decompression of the aircraft cabin’
    • ‘Investigators are testing whether some other substance may have knocked out the crew and the passengers of the jet and are still examining whether cabin decompression was the fatal catalyst.’
    • ‘Full training will be given to the prizewinner prior to flight take-off, which will include centrifugal training, skydive training and high altitude decompression.’
    • ‘The flight attendant announces that in the event of sudden decompression, a mask will fall from an overhead compartment.’
    • ‘As part of the unique package, he would receive training in freefall parachuting, high-altitude decompression, basic radio procedures and reusable launch vehicle systems operation.’
    • ‘What else happens when a cabin undergoes explosive decompression?’
    • ‘The decompression pulled nine passengers out of plane, and they were lost at sea.’
    • ‘The plane descended but the reason for decompression could not be found, so the aircraft returned to Oxford.’
    • ‘During the second week of their holiday a Helios plane, flying out of Cyprus, crashed due to what was reported to be because of a lack of oxygen in the cabin due to decompression.’
    • ‘Liz Verdier, a spokesperson for Boeing, said the 737s, like all Boeing planes, were equipped with warning systems that alerted pilots when decompression was occurring.’
    • ‘Three factors affect the rate of decompression: The volume of the cabin, the size of the opening, and the difference in pressure between the inside and outside of the plane.’
    • ‘This seems like the suggestion of a second-rate Hollywood director, for the single reason that you cannot discharge a firearm in a pressurised environment, because there would be catastrophic decompression.’
    • ‘The risk, of course, is that a bullet could pierce the shell of an airplane and decompression could happen.’
    • ‘An aviation expert added that even a small explosion on board could have been enough to cause decompression and suck people out of the aircraft.’
    • ‘Initially, officials speculated the victims may have been killed by sudden decompression, toxic fumes or gases.’
    • ‘Not only did he survive the vacuum exposure (which should have frozen him almost immediately), but also his space pod did not move at all during the violent decompression.’
    1. 1.1 A gradual reduction of air pressure on a person who has been experiencing high pressure while diving:
      ‘itching and rashes often occur following decompression’
      [as modifier] ‘the swim took some two hours, including a one hour decompression stop’
      • ‘Deeper and longer diving means more decompression, whichever gas you're breathing.’
      • ‘Before they return to the surface they will need to undergo a 17-hour decompression in the Aquarius, with atmospheric pressure gradually reduced to that on the surface.’
      • ‘This reef gets shallower all the time, so we were able to enjoy around 30 minutes on it before decompression became an issue.’
      • ‘To try to avoid getting the bends, extreme divers spend hours on ascent, sitting at targeted depths for carefully calculated periods of decompression to allow the gases to flush safely from their bodies.’
      • ‘We discourage dives below 30 meters, especially if decompression stops are required.’
  • 2The process of expanding computer data to its normal size so that it can be read by a computer:

    ‘this disk contains a number of utilities which require decompression’
    • ‘As well as the Windows help bug ‘fix’, there's also a patch for flaws in handling file decompression.’
    • ‘The inverse process - decompression - doesn't put any serious load on the memory subsystem.’
    • ‘Mapping the data prior to decompression reduces the random access memory resources otherwise required.’
    • ‘The server is able to perform remote file compression and decompression by a request from the client.’
    • ‘I projected how long compression and decompression should take on computers of various speeds by simply scaling actual test results from my 1.7GHz CPU.’

Pronunciation

decompression

/diːkəmˈprɛʃ(ə)n/