Definition of declare in English:



  • 1reporting verb Say something in a solemn and emphatic manner.

    with clause ‘the prime minister declared that the programme of austerity had paid off’
    with direct speech ‘‘I was under too much pressure,’ he declared’
    • ‘‘I'm going to sleep,’ he declared before closing the bedroom door.’
    • ‘‘They went crazy,’ he declares with utter incredulity.’
    • ‘And there are many more academics who declare in private communications that they agree with us or with a particular opinion which we publish but would not dare to say so publicly.’
    • ‘‘We're making a big push for the European Cup’ he declares, looking forward to Friday's game in Swansea.’
    • ‘He declared in a solemn voice that she had a bad case of typhoid fever - that it was unlikely, at the rate she was deteriorating, that she would survive.’
    • ‘‘We differ from them… only in degree, not intention,’ she declares.’
    • ‘Anne declares that she cannot speak highly enough of the oncology specialists with whom she works.’
    • ‘After the jury formally declared a not guilty verdict, Mr Syed's solicitor spoke on his client's behalf.’
    • ‘Both the candidates have openly declared in the print and electronic media that they are confident of winning.’
    • ‘Kay, a tenured professor, frequently declares her love for Russell.’
    • ‘The former Yorkshire and England star once famously declared that forcing youngsters to wear helmets was turning cricket into a ‘pansy's game’.’
    • ‘There is now a proposal in the Senate to force American companies to publicly declare their plans to move jobs out of this country when they do so and to give their employees at least three months notice.’
    • ‘Seeing my press badge, she approached and insisted on speaking to me, declaring she was from France and could give me the French perspective.’
    • ‘Venezuela's election agency declared that Mr Chávez won the referendum by 59% to 41%.’
    • ‘A heart operation in October 2004 forced him to declare that he would fight just one more general election, which he duly won.’
    • ‘The Tory leader declared in his speech that " we have a responsibility to protect the most vulnerable".’
    • ‘The EU has solemnly declared its intention to make the European economy the most competitive in the world by 2010.’
    • ‘A spokesperson for Castlecomer Community School declared that they were very pleased indeed by the grades achieved by the vast majority of the students.’
    • ‘In the Preface, Dawkins declares that his intention in this book is to make science more appealing to a young generation which prefers the beauty of art and which is drawn increasingly to careers in the social sciences.’
    • ‘The corporate giant recently declared that income from its patent rights now exceeds income from chemical sales.’
    proclaim, announce, make known, state, communicate, reveal, divulge, mention, talk about, raise, moot, air, bring into the open, voice, articulate, pronounce, express, vent, set forth, make public, publicize, disseminate, circulate, publish, broadcast, promulgate, trumpet, blazon
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object Formally announce the beginning of (a state or condition)
      ‘Spain declared war on Britain in 1796’
      • ‘Dozens of cultures and beliefs made Indonesia a nation long before it declared Independence on August 17, 1945.’
      • ‘Within days, blockades at Britain's oil refineries had drained every garage of fuel, threatened the health service, food supplies and industry and brought the government to the brink of declaring a state of emergency.’
      • ‘In 1918, Lithuania formally declared independence, which was granted by both Germany and the Soviet Union.’
      • ‘He announced Monday that he will declare a state of emergency and dissolve parliament if a political compromise is not reached by July 20.’
      • ‘For more than 30 years, until Eritrea declared Independence on May 23, 1993, the country was at war with Ethiopia.’
      • ‘For its part, the Public Employees Association declared a 24-hour strike for April 26.’
      • ‘But it is too soon to declare victory and move on.’
      • ‘At around 6 p.m. Buenos Aires time, 19 hours after declaring a state of siege, De la Rua announced his intention to resign.’
      • ‘The Boers declared war on Britain on October 9, 1899, and peace was not declared until May 31, 1902.’
      • ‘He declared a state of emergency and imposed restrictions on freedoms of the press, speech and expression and the freedom to assemble peacefully.’
      • ‘Bahrain officially declared its independence on 14 August of that year.’
      • ‘He argues that we should declare war on specific aggressors in precise and specific language.’
      • ‘I wonder if the government has yet declared a State of Emergency.’
      • ‘After Gwen and I argued over Rick we declared a truce, and to make sure the truce got off to a good start we invited other people to join us for dinner that evening.’
      • ‘Buenos Aires formally declared independence from Spain on July 9, 1816.’
      • ‘The Consultative Council on National Security was due yesterday to discuss Macedonia - as Bulgaria's western neighbour lingered on the brink of declaring a state of war.’
      • ‘When faced with serious disasters, countries often declare a formal state of emergency.’
      • ‘States sharing a border with Mexico are declaring states of emergency - not for natural disasters, but to deal with the consequences of illegal immigration.’
      • ‘Two years later, the congress formally declared the independence of the United Provinces from Spain.’
      • ‘After the rebels launched new attacks on police and army positions, the government declared a state of emergency and ordered the army to put down the rebels last November.’
      assert, maintain, state, aver, affirm, contend, argue, insist, hold, profess, move, claim, allege, avow, vow, swear, attest, testify, certify
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    2. 1.2with object and complement Pronounce or assert (a person or thing) to be something specified.
      ‘the mansion was declared a fire hazard’
      • ‘This, however, does not mean that Chorny can return to Bulgaria, because the Interior Ministry last autumn issued a further order declaring him persona non grata.’
      • ‘A fifth teenager denied the same charge and was formally declared not guilty, after doubts were raised about the reliability of a witness who placed him at the scene.’
      • ‘The name with the most points will be declared the official name for the new shopping centre and made public on 6 August.’
      • ‘The group took a ferry to Scotland before later settling in Bolton and declaring themselves homeless to the council.’
      • ‘That's a 44 per cent jump from a decade ago, when only 12 per cent of Canadians declared themselves as not identifying with any particular faith.’
      • ‘In the early first century BC the dictator Sulla sought to eliminate his opponents by ‘proscribing’ the names of all those who were declared to be traitors.’
      • ‘What is considered healthy in one decade is declared a hazard next - and years later it is welcomed back to the fold of healthy eating.’
      • ‘Some workers are declared legally blind but claim they can see well enough to watch television or drive.’
      • ‘The figures would seem to bear out the concerns that, with some two-thirds of personal insolvency individuals declaring themselves bankrupt, it has become much more of a lifestyle choice.’
      • ‘In 1999, a court declared him legally dead.’
      • ‘When the Hunters bought the house at auction it was the subject of a closure notice by the local authority and had been declared unfit for human habitation by environmental health officers.’
      • ‘The government has declared the action illegal and threatened strike leaders.’
      • ‘Mohammad Rafique, who took six wickets in South Africa's only innings, was declared Man of the Match.’
      • ‘Ireland performs very strongly in this regard with 90% of visitors declaring themselves very satisfied with the friendliness encountered during their stay.’
      • ‘Controversial modifications to make a seaside town's twin Victorian piers fit in with a new marina scheme are back on the cards despite both being declared protected monuments.’
      • ‘The man, who has not been named, was declared dead at the scene.’
      • ‘Similar laws in Ecuador and Guatemala, they noted, were recently declared unconstitutional.’
      • ‘Petrov, who was then in 45th place, was declared unfit to continue.’
      • ‘The government declared the strike illegal, invoking emergency laws deeming the railways an essential service.’
      • ‘Unable to make ends meet Bob lost the two farms and was declared bankrupt.’
      assert, maintain, state, aver, affirm, contend, argue, insist, hold, profess, move, claim, allege, avow, vow, swear, attest, testify, certify
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3declare for/againstBritish no object Openly align oneself for or against (a party or position) in a dispute.
      ‘the president had declared for denuclearization of Europe’
      • ‘As you know, I have already declared for David Cameron.’
      • ‘It may also give other associations who are holding their fire at the minute out of party loyalty, the push to declare for the DUP.’
      • ‘MAYBE A P Cox finds sitting on the fence more comfortable than declaring for or against emission zones.’
      • ‘While this has not attracted many MPs it has lured Stuart Wheeler, Tory donor, who declares for Fox today.’
      • ‘The inhabitants prudently declared for Caesar, with the result that the town was immediately granted the status of an Italiote city (oppidum Latinum), later to be upgraded to municipium.’
      • ‘The decision on which party his papers will support rests ultimately with Murdoch and The Sun has already declared for Labour.’
      • ‘Each day, when one opens a paper and sees an aspirant declaring for a party and saying that he declared for the party because it is the only one that can salvage the country, one knows that it is all lies.’
      • ‘STV is a viable answer to the electoral system riddle and they were right to declare against directly elected provosts.’
      • ‘If he gets any fewer than the 66 that have officially declared for him, then he could be in serious trouble.’
      • ‘Thirteen of the group immediately declared for Campbell as soon as his candidacy emerged.’
      • ‘John immediately rode for Chinon, where the Angevin treasury was kept, while Constance sent a Breton army to take control of Angers, in Anjou, where a meeting of barons from Anjou and Maine duly declared for Arthur.’
      • ‘He hesitated before declaring for Queen Jane, and his delay proved fatal.’
      • ‘The retiring New York senator Daniel Moynihan has played Cassius, declaring for Brutus because Gore is ‘unelectable’.’
      • ‘I have no problem declaring for neither presidential candidate.’
      • ‘As Conservatives headed to Blackpool for their annual gathering, another 10 MPs declared for Mr Davis, giving him a third of the Parliamentary party.’
      • ‘‘His supporters are going round now trying to get people to declare for him before we know who else will stand,’ said Mr Goodwill.’
    4. 1.4declare oneself Reveal one's intentions or identity.
      ‘a number of interested parties who can't declare themselves openly’
      • ‘He's had a big following within the gay community because he was early on such a proponent of the idea of coming out of the closet and declaring yourself.’
      • ‘Sometimes it was worth declaring myself and enduring the ‘No, I'm not interested’ conversation so I could emerge raw, bleeding and free on the other side.’
      • ‘But the GDC has to rely on foreign dentists declaring themselves if they have a criminal conviction.’
    5. 1.5no object Announce oneself as a candidate for an election.
      ‘he declared last April’
      • ‘Voters are beginning to focus on the coming battle, the candidates have declared and some 48-sheet posters have even begun to appear.’
      • ‘Candidates declared to date are Vic Toews for the Conservative party, the incumbent, Peter Epp for the Liberals and Sarah Zaharia for the New Democrats.’
      • ‘He brings the number of candidates declared in Mayo to twelve.’
      • ‘Five candidates have so far declared: David Davis, David Cameron, Sir Malcolm Rifkind, Liam Fox and Kenneth Clarke.’
      • ‘Mr Clarke was the fifth candidate to declare and MPs will shortly reduce that to a shortlist of two before a final ballot of party members.’
      • ‘Tom McSharry, a nephew of former EU Commissioner, Ray MacSharry enters politics for the first time by declaring for the East Ward in the Borough contest.’
      • ‘Having been a loyal deputy to John Swinney throughout his troubled leadership, she was the first candidate to declare for his job when he resigned.’
      • ‘The outcome of that meeting was that Ms Harkin declared as a candidate the following day, while Dr Cowley appeared to leave the door open for his entry into the race by suggesting a pact between himself and Ms Harkin.’
      • ‘Candidates who have declared or are considering the race include Baltimore Health Commissioner Peter Beilenson, State Del.’
      • ‘Prior to Tom Parlon declaring for the Progressive Democrats in January it looked to be a very straightforward race for the five seats in Laois / Offaly.’
      • ‘And be sure to stay with CNN this afternoon as Mrs. Clinton officially declares for the U.S. Senate.’
      • ‘Ballyhaunis man, Stephen Finn, has declared as an Independent candidate for the Claremorris Electoral constituency in the upcoming Local Elections.’
      • ‘If you look at all the nine declared Democratic presidential candidates, you are basically at the bottom right now, 2 percent, even below Al Sharpton.’
      • ‘No candidate will declare for the leadership because the party first has to decide whether to amend its leadership election rules which give grassroots members the final say.’
      • ‘Rose is running for Sinn Fein and is the only candidate declared on the peninsula and the only woman in the race.’
      • ‘I'm undecided, and will not be declaring for a few weeks yet.’
      • ‘There are 15 declared candidates in the Mayo constituency for the General Election and I have met every one of them over the years.’
    6. 1.6declare oneselfarchaic Express feelings of love to someone.
      ‘she waited in vain for him to declare himself’
      • ‘She waited in vain for him to declare himself.’
      • ‘He, however, cannot contain his passionate love, and finally declares himself to her.’
      • ‘You should have thought of that before you declared yourself to her, Mr. Neville’
  • 2with object Acknowledge possession of (taxable income or dutiable goods)

    ‘if you have something to declare customs officers will tell you the duty payable’
    • ‘This is partly because 80 per cent of assessees have agriculture-based income that is not declared.’
    • ‘TAX collectors have declared war on amateur traders who are failing to declare their income, accountants warned last week.’
    • ‘In an attempt to curb the significant number of landlords throughout Italy who haven't been declaring rental income, new legislation has been enacted.’
    • ‘It follows reports that they failed to declare income from the sub-let of their constituency offices in Eastwood and Dumfries for at least a year.’
    • ‘Under regulations, adopted by Parliament, lawyers, prosecutors and magistrates are to declare incomes and property with the National Audit Office.’
    • ‘You are supposed to declare all rental income from a property in France to the French government.’
    • ‘But officials admit they cannot keep track of how much is exported, as few are willing to pay export taxes or declare their income.’
    • ‘We do not deny that Mr Perkins should have declared the income.’
    • ‘Offshore trusts are not illegal, but individuals must declare income earned from the trust to the Irish tax authorities.’
    • ‘Mrs D doesn't have to declare this income on her tax return, as it is tax free, which is a bonus.’
    • ‘Any income should be declared to the tax authorities in the country you plan to live in.’
    • ‘According to the Municipal Systems Act of 2000 the municipality decides which financial interests are to be publicly declared and which are to be kept private.’
    • ‘Examining whether rental income had been declared on the properties was a smaller part of the investigation, the spokesman said.’
    • ‘The court was told White filled in and signed one claim form seven months after starting work as a police officer and did not declare her income.’
    • ‘It's only illegal if one doesn't declare the offshore income in one's annual tax return and pay tax at home.’
    • ‘The interest you earn is tax free, which means that you keep every penny you receive, plus you don't have to declare this income on your tax return, which cuts down on paperwork.’
    • ‘Tax evasion is when you do something illegal, like not declaring income.’
    • ‘Anyone choosing this option will have to declare the income to the Inland Revenue and pay tax at their normal rate on it.’
    • ‘The Revenue will also examine whether Irish residents have declared rental income on foreign property.’
    • ‘The Inland Revenue head office tells me that all taxable income that must be declared on your tax return counts towards the limit.’
  • 3Cricket
    no object Close an innings voluntarily before all the wickets have fallen.

    ‘Pakistan declared at 446 for four’
    • ‘Leicestershire had started the morning needing 365 to avoid an innings defeat after Australia declared on their overnight total of 582 for 7.’
    • ‘The short coaching class seemed to have a positive effect as the bowlers bowled a better line and length on Monday even though India went on amass 675 for five before declaring their first innings.’
    • ‘They declared when their second innings total had reached 458 for eight, setting Sussex 322 to win and although Sussex never threatened that target, they held out for the draw.’
    • ‘The day began with India on 337 for 7, and they managed to push the score on to 410 before declaring with two wickets in hand.’
    • ‘Tasmania were bowled out for 198, well short of the 313 they required for victory after Victoria declared at 3 for 181 in the morning.’
  • 4with object Announce that one holds (certain combinations of cards) in a card game.

    • ‘A claim can be made after you have won a trick, or immediately after declaring a combination.’
    • ‘A player with such a combination declares it at the end of the first trick, and scores for it immediately (it does not matter if one of the cards of the combination was played to the trick).’
    • ‘After everyone has declared any combinations they wish to, the player to dealer's left leads to the first trick.’
    • ‘A claimed trio is a when a player announces a trio right after making a move, instead of a true trio which is declared before dealing any card.’
    • ‘I turned my pocket cards over and declared a King-high flush, trying to sound matter-of-fact about it, not too triumphant.’
    1. 4.1 Name (the trump suit) in a card game.
      • ‘If playing six-handed, the bid winner picks up the six cards from the ‘widow ‘and declares the trump suit.’’
      • ‘However, they can only be used as trumps if they are declared during or at the end of the deal, before play starts.’
      • ‘After the dealer has declared Trump Suit five cards are turned from the top of the Quest Pack.’
      • ‘If they cannot, then they must play their trump, if they declared one.’
      • ‘Over the course of 20 hands, each player must declare a trump contract two times and a negative contract three times.’


  • well, I declare

    • An exclamation of incredulity, surprise, or vexation.

      ‘‘Well, I do declare! It's Annabelle!’’
      • ‘Biche is more ‘me and my friends’ fluff, the everyday adventures of a British journalist in Paris written by - well, I declare - a British journalist in Paris.’
      • ‘George, I do declare that you have started to blush!’
      • ‘Why, Mister Zee, I do declare: that's two questions, you naughty, naughty - oh, enough with the Scarlett O'Hara-isms already.’
      • ‘Well, I do declare, that woman spoils you all rotten!’
      • ‘Why Ms. Faun, I do declare that sounds like a half baked attempt at seducing me.’
      • ‘‘Well, I do declare, it's my job to see if any of these poor folks need any old thing,’ Brown said.’
      • ‘She gave me a funny look… I do declare, dear readers, that she thought it was me!’


Middle English: from Latin declarare, from de- ‘thoroughly’ + clarare ‘make clear’ (from clarus ‘clear’).