Definition of data in English:



mass noun
  • 1Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.

    ‘there is very little data available’
    • ‘Analysis of variance and Chi square tests were used for statistical analysis of data.’
    • ‘Using predominantly CPS files, I was able to collect statistical data on a number of variables.’
    • ‘These programs are used to edit and prepare the collected data for analysis.’
    • ‘The reduction in violent crime is evident in the raw data, before any statistical analysis.’
    • ‘The IMF insists that the Department of Statistics gets economic data together in a timely fashion.’
    • ‘The structure of the database permits easy retrieval of specific mutation data for further analysis.’
    • ‘The S Language is a powerful tool for the statistical and graphical analysis of data.’
    • ‘He cited a recent analysis based on data collected by a software company that was funded by a CIA-connected firm.’
    • ‘RTW collected the data, carried out statistical analyses, and reviewed the manuscript.’
    • ‘Evaluation is the systematic collection and analysis of relevant data to inform decision making.’
    • ‘Web surveys have reduced the cost of data collection and made data analysis more efficient.’
    • ‘Police time will then be spent collecting together the data and providing statistics that indicate the ethnicity of those stopped.’
    • ‘With this book we try to bridge this gap and present real data and facts together with concepts commonly used in economics.’
    • ‘The solution rested with data collection and analysis by a number of SPC member companies.’
    • ‘She said the publication uses data from monthly opinion polls, statistical data, and an analysis of media reports.’
    • ‘We used grounded theory to guide sampling and collection and analysis of data.’
    • ‘In this section, we will discuss some details of our measurement software and the collected data.’
    • ‘He notes that the pair provide graphs but no statistical analysis of their data.’
    • ‘In time, more and more use will be made of statistical analysis of data to describe rocks that fall into a few named categories.’
    • ‘All interpretation of data and analysis of statistics will then be carried out in-house by the Chamber.’
    facts, figures, statistics, details, particulars, specifics, features
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    1. 1.1 The quantities, characters, or symbols on which operations are performed by a computer, which may be stored and transmitted in the form of electrical signals and recorded on magnetic, optical, or mechanical recording media.
      • ‘The data signal is stored in a first memory in response to the write clock signal.’
      • ‘Spent the morning verifying health records and entering data in the computer; always a great joy.’
      • ‘From cassette tapes to disk drives, the most popular way to store data is with magnetic materials.’
      • ‘A query is executed in a computer to retrieve data from a database stored on a data storage device.’
      • ‘Argote gives the example of old recordings of film or data stored on magnetic tape.’
      • ‘An electronic tag containing an EPC on a microchip stores and transmits data to a reader.’
      • ‘With a day's diving complete, the team recorded their data in laptop computers and’
      • ‘The accumulated data is recorded and stored because the material flow must be traceable.’
      • ‘HP's wireless keyboards can transmit data to other computers in faraway buildings.’
      • ‘Radio signals send that data to a computer mounted on the handlebars for the cyclists to read.’
      • ‘WinBackup is designed to make it easy to perform regular backups of all or selected data on your computer.’
      • ‘The coherent light beams could lead to ultrafast computer circuitry that transmits data optically.’
      • ‘The transmitting modem translates digital computer data into analog signals that can be carried over a phone line.’
      • ‘Internet 2 continues to break astounding records for transmitting data.’
      • ‘The audit trailing of data is likely to multiply the amount of transactional data we store by a factor of two or more.’
      • ‘Some allow you to download stored data to your computer as a way of keeping track of your progress.’
      • ‘Three playbacks are planned, to ensure that all recorded data are safely transmitted to Earth.’
      • ‘While backing up data may be a minor chore for many, backing up vast quantities of data is a major operation.’
      • ‘It's primarily designed to prefetch large quantities of data to help prevent processor stalls.’
      • ‘It can also monitor sales and store financial data on recording companies and rights-holders.’
    2. 1.2Philosophy Things known or assumed as facts, making the basis of reasoning or calculation.
      • ‘How do sense-data differ from other data, e.g. from those of memory or introspection?’
      • ‘These data consist of raw facts, as free as possible of confining hypotheses.’
      • ‘These data can be accepted on the basis of the reliability of our natural faculties with respect to the natural world.’
      • ‘The roots of relativism lie not in empirical data but in certain epistemological and metaphysical preconceptions.’
      • ‘The other is that he had come to make a virtue of the fact that the basic data of knowledge are never certain, but at best merely credible to some degree.’


In Latin, data is the plural of datum and, historically and in specialized scientific fields, it is also treated as a plural in English, taking a plural verb, as in the data were collected and classified. In modern non-scientific use, however, it is generally not treated as a plural. Instead, it is treated as a mass noun, similar to a word like information, which takes a singular verb. Sentences such as data was collected over a number of years are now widely accepted in standard English


Mid 17th century (as a term in philosophy): from Latin, plural of datum.