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[mass noun] A volcanic rock resembling andesite but containing free quartz.
- ‘The canyon is carved out of dacite, and there are some large trees with yellow and green leaves.’
- ‘The belt comprises subalkaline andesites, trachyandesites, dacites, rhyolites, trachyrhyolites, and granodiorites, granites, granosyenites and monzonites, and developed along an active continental margin.’
- ‘The lava dome is made of dacite, a fine-grained volcanic rock that contains a sprinkling of larger, visible crystals, like chopped fruit in a cake.’
- ‘The volcanic strata consist of sheet-like flows of andesite, dacite, basalts, and trachybasalts that are interbedded with agglomerates and tuffs.’
- ‘Unchallengeable examples of what are assumed to have been beta quartz appear to be limited to occurrences in silicic volcanic rocks, such as rhyolite, liparite, and dacite.’
Late 18th century: from the name of the Roman province of Dacia (as it was first found in the Carpathian Mountains) + -ite.
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