Definition of cytokinin in English:



  • another term for kinin
    • ‘Cytokinins, gibberellins, and auxin have been applied to promote cell division during the early stages of fruit growth in many species.’
    • ‘When, besides auxins, cytokinins are also administered, the cells divide.’
    • ‘The correlation was remarkable suggesting that in this real tissue cytokinins may be involved in the regulation of cell division, just as they are in cultured cells.’
    • ‘Researchers demonstrated they could make such blobs of tissue grow into either roots or shoots depending on the ratio of two critical plant hormones, auxins and cytokinins.’
    • ‘Many insects synthesize plant cytokinins, which they administer to cause plants to form structures that protect the insect or its offspring.’
    • ‘At the end of their development, the tuberized lateral branches contained very high amounts of polyphenols, which oxidized into dark compounds rendering in situ localization of cytokinins impossible at this stage.’
    • ‘In the xylem, following the application of nitrate, both the exudation rate and the concentration of the cytokinins increased, with ZR being the dominant species in the sap.’
    • ‘Similar to higher plants, growth and development in Physcomitrella is regulated both by environmental factors, such as the quantity and quality of light, and by phytohormones including auxins, cytokinins, and abscisic acid.’
    • ‘Additional evidence that supports the of microbial derived growth regulators hypothesis is provided by recent reports that demonstrated the synthesis of cytokinins by facultative and obligate methylobacteria strains.’
    • ‘Photosynthate supply and phytohormones, particularly cytokinins, interact with nitrogen supply through signal transduction pathways to control the expression of photosynthesis genes and development and senescence of leaves.’
    • ‘Among the plant growth regulators dynamically intervening in this mechanism, indole acetic acid, abscisic acid and cytokinins are cited most often.’
    • ‘Herbivorous tephritid flies host an endosymbiotic bacterium until recently classified in the genus Erwinia, a galling plant pathogen capable of synthesizing auxins and cytokinins.’
    • ‘A careful analysis of cytokinin biosynthesis and redistribution across the tip upon gravistimulation should allow evaluation of the role of cytokinins in the early phases of gravicurvature.’
    • ‘Cytokinins may reduce the effect of sugars on acclimation processes in leaves, as elevated cytokinins enhance greening and leaf protein levels, and antagonize senescence responses.’