Definition of cystic in English:

cystic

adjective

  • 1Medicine
    Relating to or characterized by cysts:

    ‘the ultrasound scan showed a cystic nodule’
    ‘masses in the ovary may be cystic or solid’
    • ‘Our preoperative diagnosis included a pericardial/thymic cyst or cystic tumor, displacing the heart and compromising cardiac function.’
    • ‘Craniopharyngiomas are solid or cystic tumors arising from the remnants of Rathke's pouch.’
    • ‘Leading causes of kidney failure are diabetes, followed by hypertension, glomerulonephritis, and cystic kidney and urologic diseases.’
    • ‘Sectioning of the mass revealed a mixed solid and cystic appearance with the cysts ranging from 1.0 to 3.0 cm in diameter.’
    • ‘Tumours of the liver may be cystic or solid, benign or malignant.’
    • ‘The differential diagnoses for a cystic lesion in the thyroid region include TDCs and cystic degeneration in neoplasm or goiter.’
    • ‘Histologically, these lesions form a spectrum of tumors ranging from benign cystic adenomas to proliferative cystic sebaceous tumors.’
    • ‘Multiple areas of tumor necrosis, cystic degeneration, and old hemorrhage were present.’
    • ‘The brain lesion was subsequently biopsied and diagnosed as metastatic adenoid cystic carcinoma.’
    • ‘Macroscopically, the largest mass in the lobectomy specimen was firm and white with cystic degeneration and stippling calcification.’
    1. 1.1Zoology (of a parasite or other organism) enclosed in a cyst:
      ‘the cystic stage’
  • 2Relating to the urinary bladder or the gall bladder:

    ‘the cystic artery’
    • ‘Branches of the cystic artery originating from the right hepatic artery provide the gallbladder's blood supply.’
    • ‘The cystic artery is ligated and transected and the gallbladder is dissected from the gallbladder fossa and the right hepatic lobe.’
    • ‘The superficial branch of the cystic artery runs along the peritoneal surface of the left side of the gallbladder.’
    • ‘Once soluble in bile, bilirubin is transported through the biliary and cystic ducts to enter the gallbladder, where it is stored, or it passes through Vater's ampulla to enter the duodenum.’
    • ‘Obstruction of the cystic duct causes the intraluminal pressure within the gall bladder to increase and, together with cholesterol supersaturated bile, triggers an acute inflammatory response.’
    • ‘The diagnosis of a metastatic follicular carcinoma prompted a repeat computed topographic scan and ultrasound of the larger cystic renal mass to rule out synchronous involvement of the kidney.’
    • ‘The gallbladder and its cystic duct join the hepatic duct to form the common bile duct, which drains into the lumen of the duodenum.’
    • ‘He transects the cystic duct and divides the cystic artery with electrosurgery before removing the gallbladder.’
    • ‘Bile acids and other constituents of bile produced in the liver are carried to the gall bladder via the hepatic and cystic ducts.’
    • ‘Gallstones can migrate from their primary site of origin in the gallbladder through the cystic duct and into the common bile duct.’

Origin

Mid 17th century (originally referring to the gall bladder): from French cystique or modern Latin cysticus, from late Latin cystis (see cyst).

Pronunciation:

cystic

/ˈsɪstɪk/