Definition of cyanogenic in English:

cyanogenic

adjective

Botany
  • 1(of a plant) capable of cyanogenesis.

    ‘cyanogenic forms’
    • ‘Cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and thiocyanate are the goitrogenic/antithyroid constituents of cyanogenic plants that are often used as food by men and animals.’
    • ‘Cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and thiocyanate are known as goitrogenic principles of cyanogenic plants.’
    • ‘A number of cyanogenic plants (thiocyanate precursors) containing dietary goitrogens are commonly consumed and SCN was found to present in all the urine samples studied.’
    1. 1.1Biochemistry Containing a cyanide group in the molecule.
      ‘cyanogenic glycosides’
      • ‘But for some specialist insects, cyanide and cyanogenic compounds can serve as phagostimulants and kairomones.’
      • ‘Branched chain amino acids are precursors to secondary metabolism, and are involved in the biosynthesis of cyanogenic glycosides, glucosinolates, and acyl sugars.’
      • ‘In a number of countries cassava is a major source of carbohydrate, but if it is not properly treated ingestion of the naturally occurring cyanogenic (cyanide-forming) glycosides can be fatal.’
      • ‘However, some of those compounds such as capsaicin (the substance that makes chilies pungent) and some cyanogenic glycosides, have no apparent deleterious or deterrent effect on birds.’
      • ‘Knowing the difference is vital as the ‘bitter’ varieties have high levels of cyanogenic glucosides, an unpalatable form of cyanide, which can be harmful if ingested in large quantities.’

Pronunciation

cyanogenic

/ˌsʌɪənəˈdʒɛnɪk/