Definition of cyanogenic in English:



  • 1(of a plant) capable of cyanogenesis.

    ‘cyanogenic forms’
    • ‘Cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and thiocyanate are known as goitrogenic principles of cyanogenic plants.’
    • ‘A number of cyanogenic plants (thiocyanate precursors) containing dietary goitrogens are commonly consumed and SCN was found to present in all the urine samples studied.’
    • ‘Cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and thiocyanate are the goitrogenic/antithyroid constituents of cyanogenic plants that are often used as food by men and animals.’
    1. 1.1Biochemistry Containing a cyanide group in the molecule.
      ‘cyanogenic glycosides’
      • ‘But for some specialist insects, cyanide and cyanogenic compounds can serve as phagostimulants and kairomones.’
      • ‘In a number of countries cassava is a major source of carbohydrate, but if it is not properly treated ingestion of the naturally occurring cyanogenic (cyanide-forming) glycosides can be fatal.’
      • ‘Branched chain amino acids are precursors to secondary metabolism, and are involved in the biosynthesis of cyanogenic glycosides, glucosinolates, and acyl sugars.’
      • ‘However, some of those compounds such as capsaicin (the substance that makes chilies pungent) and some cyanogenic glycosides, have no apparent deleterious or deterrent effect on birds.’
      • ‘Knowing the difference is vital as the ‘bitter’ varieties have high levels of cyanogenic glucosides, an unpalatable form of cyanide, which can be harmful if ingested in large quantities.’