Definition of current in English:

current

adjective

  • 1Belonging to the present time; happening or being used or done now:

    ‘keep abreast of current events’
    ‘I started my current job in 2001’
    • ‘I'm not expected to be well-educated on modern politics and current events.’
    • ‘The decline of the dollar is a warning sign that current economic trends cannot continue.’
    • ‘The most current bibliographical entry dates from June 2003, the year before publication.’
    • ‘He said the current services that were present were insufficient because of a lack of funding.’
    • ‘Most often people indulge in a fight not over a current event but about something that happened in the past.’
    • ‘This was done in the current research by presenting events (bets on the toss of a coin) in blocks.’
    • ‘I wish the producers would realise that current affairs is not the only show in town.’
    • ‘What use was learning about the past when there were much more current situations to deal with?’
    • ‘He is not sure whether this legislation does dovetail neatly into the current situation.’
    • ‘Unlike other diagnostic criteria, the pulse is very reactive and reflects the most current state of the individual.’
    • ‘The previews I read were all excited by this new idea technique of treating history as current affairs.’
    • ‘The prospectus doesn't forecast what will happen in the current year.’
    • ‘Has anyone bothered to ask the population at large how safe they feel in the current police presence?’
    • ‘One current trend is to make the skirt panels extremely stiff.’
    • ‘He also updated the branch on the current happenings in the county.’
    • ‘Like all problems, however, the current perception of incompetence presents an opportunity.’
    • ‘The orchestra is made up of both past and current students from the Presentation College.’
    • ‘Itching to begin new projects while current ones still sit unfinished?’
    • ‘Most current accounts pay a pitiful rate of interest, usually only a fraction of 1 %.’
    • ‘However, they obviously did not do enough because if there was not a serious problem the current turn of events would not have happened.’
    contemporary, present-day, present, contemporaneous, ongoing
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    1. 1.1 In common or general use:
      ‘the other meaning of the word is still current’
      • ‘The attitude current at the time was that they were an inferior race.’
      • ‘A common current myth about American English is that it is being ruined by mass media.’
      prevalent, prevailing, common, in general use, accepted, in circulation, circulating, going around, doing the rounds, making the rounds, popular, widespread, rife, about
      View synonyms

noun

  • 1A body of water or air moving in a definite direction, especially through a surrounding body of water or air in which there is less movement:

    ‘ocean currents’
    • ‘She would learn the secrets of the ocean's past, hear them whispered through the currents and waters.’
    • ‘Elsewhere, we witness fluid arabesques that suggest currents of wind or water and a grove of green trees, their leaves knotted into high relief.’
    • ‘The data will cover things such as water currents, wind direction and temperatures.’
    • ‘It is so big it has blocked wind and water currents that break up ice floes in McMurdo Sound during the Antarctic summer.’
    • ‘Winter changes abruptly into summer, borne by warm winds and the arrival of the Climate Stream, a shift of ocean currents that brings warm water to the land.’
    • ‘Formed in the process of oceans, by wind and tide and currents, layers of water all lapping over each other, you rise in the dance of water and eventually fulfill your destiny and crash onto the shore.’
    • ‘In the underwater world, the lateral system sensed the currents of water surrounding the fishes' bodies.’
    • ‘Also significant were crisscrossing layers of sediment in the rock that revealed they formed beneath currents of moving water.’
    • ‘It glittered and it looked almost as if a current of water ran through it.’
    • ‘The normal situation has giant ocean currents flowing anticlockwise around the South Pacific Ocean.’
    • ‘A stream looks like it's flowing in one direction, but there are little eddies and currents that move water in different directions.’
    • ‘Driven by forces such as wind, tides, and gravity, currents keep our oceans in constant motion.’
    • ‘An apparition of misty light, the passage suggests currents of wind and water but the composition resists settling into the pictorial vocabulary of landscape.’
    • ‘The experimental tandem mission data will help scientists better detect and understand ocean currents, tides and eddies.’
    • ‘Many huge currents of water move through the oceans often aided by the winds.’
    • ‘It is caused by a slowing down of the Atlantic Conveyor, the current which circulates water in the ocean.’
    • ‘Thoughts swirled through her mind like currents of water rushing down a section of rapids.’
    • ‘Air movement and thermal currents transport dust and microbial particulates; particles that become airborne then can settle on open wounds.’
    • ‘You must pick your time well, as she is often swept by strong tidal currents.’
    • ‘For example, I have assumed that the animal is active only for twelve hours each day, and I have ignored any effects of winds and water currents.’
    steady flow, stream, backdraught, slipstream
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  • 2A flow of electricity which results from the ordered directional movement of electrically charged particles:

    ‘this completes the circuit so that a current flows to the lamp’
    ‘magnetic fields are produced by currents flowing in the cables’
    • ‘However, the magnet exists only when the current is flowing from the battery.’
    • ‘Her hands juddered at her sides as if charged with an electric current.’
    • ‘In this context the resistivity of a rock means its resistance to the flow of an electrical current.’
    • ‘Owing to this resistance, an electric field has to drive the electrons in order to maintain the current.’
    • ‘The current then reverses and flows in a negative direction for the remaining milliseconds of the electrical discharge.’
    • ‘Experts used to think it was just a matter of the air being heated by particles and electric currents in the regions around the poles, where auroras occur.’
    • ‘Small currents of electricity began to surge around him, coming off of his body.’
    • ‘It's a peculiar sort of pain, like a current of electricity is grinding between the broken ends of bone.’
    • ‘The direct analogy to voltage and current is the flow of water through a hose.’
    • ‘The very small particles stream through wires and circuits creating currents of electricity.’
    • ‘Their faces light up and eyes twinkle as if there's a current of electricity swirling inside them.’
    • ‘Due to certain conditions of the earth beneath dwellings, electrical currents are caused to flow, thus producing a magnetic field that extends into the dwelling space.’
    • ‘When a current flows through a wire a circular magnetic field is created around it.’
    • ‘This interaction causes giant electrical currents to flow above our heads of around one million amps!’
    • ‘Electrocardiography records the flow of electrical currents of the heart as they move away or toward a specific electrode.’
    • ‘When these currents flow across the circuitry that separates the rover chassis and power bus return, they create a small voltage that is measured and reported in telemetry.’
    • ‘The shock wave and cloud smashed into the Earth's magnetic field, causing a huge increase in the flow of invisible electric currents in space and in our atmosphere.’
    • ‘To give a bit more detail, the motion of the air causes a skin membrane in the inner ear to vibrate, and those vibrations are converted into tiny electrical currents that flow into the brain.’
    • ‘Electric currents result from inducing the movement of electrons within the solid.’
    • ‘Turbulence within the super-hot plasma has a nasty habit of transporting the heat out as fast as colossal electric currents and particle beams can shovel it in.’
    1. 2.1 A quantity representing the rate of flow of electric charge, usually measured in amperes:
      ‘at high currents there is wasteful power dissipation’
      • ‘A first detector detects an average of the AC current applied to the charge member.’
      • ‘Then measure the voltage and current by attaching your volt meter to the two pieces of metal.’
      • ‘Obtaining adequate power requires total currents greater than 10,000 amperes.’
      • ‘As discussed previously, voltage is measured in volts, and current is measured in amps.’
      • ‘These tactics can modify the magnitude and phase relationship between voltages and currents in the power system network.’
  • 3The general tendency or course of events or opinion:

    ‘the student movement formed a distinct current of protest’
    • ‘Rather than operating from a critical distance, I seem to be swayed by the emotional currents of events like the soccer and music.’
    • ‘In this context, it is possible to detect two strong currents in public opinion that could be driving the next sea change in the world's perception of America.’
    • ‘The idea that at any given moment living revolutionary parties contain all sorts of currents, tendencies and trends, not all of them revolutionary, some ultra-left, is hardly new.’
    • ‘It took Trotsky to persuade him that the rising must be called in the name of the soviets, which represented the different currents of the workers' movement.’
    • ‘In Europe at least, there are three distinct currents.’
    • ‘The general anarcho-syndicalist currents were leading radical forces until the first war.’
    • ‘The courts' response is generally slow, often several years behind the current of popular opinion.’
    • ‘Activists from Islamist, secular, communist and socialist currents from across the globe sat together sharing their views, and absorbed in friendly conversation.’
    • ‘It is not always a reliable guide to the broader political currents coursing through the Continent.’
    • ‘None of this will really be surprising to readers, as he has been writing for longer than most about the demographic and economic currents driving these events.’
    • ‘One of the things you do is write poetry for yourself and of course, one of the themes you explore in that poetry is the changing social currents.’
    • ‘Like ocean waters, intellectual currents are always in motion.’
    • ‘As for widespread sentiment opposing the decision, the Court had a duty to rise above raging currents of public opinion.’
    • ‘Indeed, the currents of public opinion are running the other way.’
    • ‘This is why there is not a people in which these three currents of opinion do not coexist, turning man toward divergent and even contradictory directions.’
    • ‘Though rap music has produced a variety of sub-genres in the last 25 years, it has recently divided itself into two general currents.’
    • ‘They also provide a glimpse of the powerful social currents that shape the course of language usage in society.’
    • ‘He was thereby only following the prevailing current of public opinion.’
    • ‘It is argued that attention to both these philosophical currents is important in order maximize the value of electronic delivery.’
    • ‘A lot of the tendencies and currents of the times favored the building up of an aristocracy based on the ownership of city property.’
    course, progress, progression, flow, tide, movement
    trend, drift, direction, tendency, swing, tenor
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Origin

Middle English (in the adjective sense ‘running, flowing’): from Old French corant running, from courre run, from Latin currere run.

Pronunciation:

current

/ˈkʌr(ə)nt/