Definition of cult in English:

cult

noun

  • 1A system of religious veneration and devotion directed towards a particular figure or object.

    ‘the cult of St Olaf’
    • ‘The cult of saints and their relics explains the popularity of pilgrimage.’
    • ‘As he notes, cults of holy images have been the subject of a long debate in Christianity.’
    • ‘The cult image of Artemis was brought out from the inner sanctum and, gilded and white, shone brilliantly in the morning sun.’
    • ‘The cult of the ancestors is practiced among many of the ethnic groups.’
    • ‘At least one underground temple catacomb has been associated with the cult of a Mother Goddess.’
    • ‘The support for Mary, a universal saint, may sometimes have been at the expense of local cults, making Marian devotions a central element in the progress of ultramontanism.’
    • ‘The pre-Christian religion of the Fijians was both animistic and polytheistic, and included a cult of chiefly ancestors.’
    • ‘Monks promoted the cult of their own saints and could write disparagingly of others.’
    1. 1.1 A relatively small group of people having religious beliefs or practices regarded by others as strange or as imposing excessive control over members.
      ‘a network of Satan-worshipping cults’
      • ‘These people include evangelical lay preachers, religious leaders associated with New Age religions, and leaders of religious movements designated as cults.’
      • ‘Maybe our whole culture is a destructive suicide cult.’
      • ‘He even started a Sufi cult under his name that became also a place for mystics from different faiths too.’
      • ‘His characters have run for president, hacked the New York Stock Exchange and joined the occasional religious cult.’
      • ‘The promotion of the generative powers of earth, water, and human, animal, and fish populations is a common concern of major religions and small-scale cults the world over.’
      • ‘Society suffers from dangerous sects and cults, militia movements, media control, and misrepresentations of psychiatric treatment and mental disorders.’
      • ‘He was not a common madman who thought he was God and established a cult dedicated to the veneration of himself.’
      • ‘And their world view became embodied in a pagan cult.’
      • ‘Certain cults and religious specialists gain popularity beyond the local level because people feel that they can offer effective help for certain problems.’
      • ‘There were moments when I thought he would try to get me to join a bizarre gullibility cult.’
      • ‘He also quotes a writer in 1939, who read a scene of nude figures carved upon a bowl as representing worshippers in a mystery cult.’
      • ‘A culture of peace, life and beauty became a suicide cult.’
      • ‘Will witches, cults, and strange religions soon get taxpayers' dollars?’
      • ‘This definition actually denotes what we call denominations and sects and would make all religious movements a cult.’
      • ‘The belief system of many modern cults and spiritual groups is a hodgepodge conglomeration of ideas from religion, philosophy, psychology, the occult, and science.’
      • ‘I heard that it had something to do with some kind of satanic cult.’
      • ‘The loss of life was terrible, but it was no more than one in a series of occasional tragedies caused by the misguided beliefs of cults and their members.’
      • ‘In all of the cults, the killing of pigs was a major part of the cult activities.’
      • ‘The street urchins lived in fear of some strange murderous cult.’
      • ‘The mystery cults usually enforced certain dietary rules and also required participation in various rites.’
      sect, religious group, denomination, religious order, church, faith, faith community, belief, persuasion, affiliation, movement
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A misplaced or excessive admiration for a particular thing.
      ‘the cult of the pursuit of money as an end in itself’
      • ‘He brooked no rivals, anointed no successors and developed a cult of personality that was indivisible from his people's hopes.’
      • ‘With the cult of the personality now stronger than at any time in sport, sports companies have tried to associate themselves with successes that are viewed worldwide.’
      • ‘The modern cult of the television celebrity… tends to handicap a living candidate.’
      • ‘However, the cult of the business personality was, in part, designed to serve as a distraction.’
      • ‘Racial and sexual politics as well as the cult of celebrity get the treatment.’
      • ‘Or perhaps they center too much on the cult of personality from the opposing side.’
      • ‘The industry is feeding the cult of personality to these architect winemakers.’
      • ‘Does it bother you that there's a cult of personality built up around him?’
      • ‘The latter resonates with equal amounts of wry self-reflexivity and acknowledgement of issues concerning representation and cults of personality.’
      • ‘Accordingly some aspects of domestic rectitude predated the cult of domesticity.’
      • ‘He liked the comparison, and believes firmly in the cult of the personality as a valuable element in business development.’
      • ‘Still others have cautioned against the spate of monuments that they see as celebrating the cult of the personality.’
      • ‘During and after the war, a highly developed personality cult evolved.’
      • ‘The nineteenth century cult of domesticity located its origin in this revolutionary development.’
      • ‘Media-orchestrated cults of personality and shameless historical revisionism, they already know about.’
      • ‘Every President colludes with the American people to create his own cult of personality.’
      • ‘The fellow with the Village People mustache, who wears a white dress shirt and tie, is being marketed as a cult of personality.’
      • ‘However, as this was primarily based on a cult of personality, it was inevitably short lived.’
      • ‘In stark contrast to so many other dictators, he never encouraged a cult of personality.’
      • ‘It is a very short step from institutionalised demonstrations of national loyalty to a mindless cult of ‘my country right or wrong’.’
      obsession with, fixation on, mania for, passion for
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  • 2A person or thing that is popular or fashionable among a particular group or section of society.

    ‘the series has become a bit of a cult in the UK’
    as modifier ‘a cult film’
    • ‘In an all girls school a young reasonably good looking man had cult status.’
    • ‘It did remarkably well at the box office, and garnered a strong cult following among college-age Americans.’
    • ‘The in-jokes which helped to make the series such a cult hit among film buffs are also in abundance.’
    • ‘He has invigorated an apathetic fan base and developed a cult following among a student body that rarely showed its face in previous years.’
    • ‘So the combination of being a heavy drinker, vastly overweight and a smoker - yes, he smoked as well - made him a cult figure on the circuit.’
    • ‘He is a cult figure today whose books are expensive collectors' items.’
    • ‘As an aside, does a film adaptation of a cult or popular novel fall into the same area as is under discussion here?’
    • ‘In the US she's now a cult figure with a discography to match.’
    • ‘Find out what's new on DVD, including a ' 60s cult TV classic.’
    • ‘Shooting took about a month and the film became a cult classic among many people.’
    • ‘The cult following these films now carry is spectacular and deserved.’
    • ‘In its original weekday time slot, the show became an enormous cult hit.’
    • ‘It said the BBC commentator had become a cult figure because of his ‘dry comments and lack of restraint’.’
    • ‘The company's ads have gained a cult following among advertisers and laymen alike.’
    • ‘Gleeful nastiness has pervaded and polluted both his plays and movies, and, sad to say, made him a cult figure.’
    • ‘Mostly we picked out horror movies - Bruce seemed to specialize in finding the most bizarre cult films available.’
    • ‘The most famous of the Pop artists, the cult figure Andy Warhol, recreated quasi-photographic paintings of people or everyday objects.’
    • ‘A cult figure to the masses, controversies dogged him after that fantastic debut.’
    • ‘You do have a rabid cult following.’
    • ‘The film developed a sizable cult following, however, particularly in the comedy and hip-hop communities.’
    craze, fashion, fad, vogue
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century (originally denoting homage paid to a divinity): from French culte or Latin cultus ‘worship’, from cult- ‘inhabited, cultivated, worshipped’, from the verb colere.

Pronunciation

cult

/kʌlt/