Definition of cull in English:

cull

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Reduce the population of (a wild animal) by selective slaughter.

    ‘some of the culled deer will be used for scientific research’
    ‘kangaroo culling’
    • ‘The consequent delay in warning the public and taking measures such as culling chicken populations has probably been a factor in enabling the disease to spread.’
    • ‘Closed seasons themselves will not actually prevent a population decline unless culling levels are quite low even during the open season.’
    • ‘Simply for these numbers to stand still, 25-30 per cent of the population must be culled each year.’
    • ‘The same applies to culling wild horses, which are doing incredible damage in some National Parks.’
    • ‘Japan reported an outbreak in early January, isolating farms and culling birds.’
    • ‘Hunters selectively cull the does to make more forage available for the bucks.’
    • ‘Deer surely have always been culled in Richmond Park one way or another.’
    • ‘Discussion of the number of deer culled by the hunts I believe is academic.’
    • ‘We must stop herding and culling herds of human cattle, as policy.’
    • ‘And at times, the Game Department engaged in culling operations to reduce elephant populations in certain areas and relieve pressures on the habitat.’
    • ‘Since December, 800,000 birds have been culled in an effort to eradicate bird flu.’
    • ‘Calls have been made to cull the geese, who have grown rapidly in population in the last few years on Bedford's Embankment.’
    • ‘Other wildlife veterinarians disagree, however, arguing that untreated disease and inbreeding have culled the reindeer population.’
    • ‘As medical science conquers diseases that used to cull the population, so more people are succumbing to one or another form of cancer.’
    • ‘More than 160,000 deer are culled each year because they damage crops and conservation areas through grazing or cause traffic accidents.’
    • ‘Farmers are calling for drastic measure to cull the population explosion of rabbits.’
    • ‘The wolves were culled in order to allow moose populations in those areas to increase for hunting purposes.’
    • ‘They may soon be looking for some sporting-types to cull their booming population of man-eating crocodiles.’
    • ‘This just proves it is an ineffective method of culling the fox population.’
    • ‘The hunt, which they help fund and support, maintains a pack of hounds which is uniquely good at tracking the few deer which the hunt's stalkers damage without killing when they cull deer.’
    slaughter, kill, destroy
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Send (an inferior or surplus farm animal) to be slaughtered.
      ‘unproductive animals can be identified and culled’
      • ‘Cows were culled only on the basis of structural unsoundness and, infrequently, temperament until the fall of 1990.’
      • ‘Infertility, regardless of cause, is a major reason for culling animals.’
      • ‘Five animals were culled after the initial test in January.’
      • ‘However, 125 sheep were culled and removed from the farm in sealed containers.’
      • ‘The 211 cattle and 1,000 sheep at Mount Pleasant Farm have been culled and the slaughter of livestock at two contiguous farms was continuing yesterday.’
      • ‘Although there is no legal requirement to cull the cows, farmers have said it may not be profitable to keep them alive.’
      • ‘Many pet pigs were culled during the Foot and Mouth epidemic - some quite needlessly in the contagious cull - and people were so heartbroken that they haven't replaced them.’
      • ‘Furthermore, for every infected farm the animals on neighbouring farms were culled as a precautionary measure.’
      • ‘More than 1,500 animals on five neighbouring farms had been culled as a precaution by last night.’
      • ‘Armed police swooped on a farm following reports of gunfire - to find a farmer culling animals.’
      • ‘Close to 700,000 older milking and breeding cattle are culled from the national herd each year.’
      • ‘In June, he culled his older cows and sold them in pairs with their calves.’
      • ‘But his ministry says it does not have the funds to compensate poultry farmers whose birds are culled, or to perform the mass culls themselves.’
      • ‘Farmers in the Eastern Cape started culling their pigs earlier this week after the first sign of the disease two weeks ago.’
      • ‘In March 2001, during the foot-and-mouth crisis, 800 of his farm's sheep were culled after dangerous contact with infected animals, although there were no signs of the disease in the flock.’
      • ‘The farmer would either cull the vulnerable calves or, if they are valuable for other reasons, treat them for parasites and then sell the meat in the nonorganic market.’
      • ‘Countryside dwellers are planning direct action protests should a North Yorkshire landfill site be used to bury foot and mouth culled cattle.’
      • ‘Cull any cow that is aggressive or difficult to control.’
      • ‘Currently around 140 cattle are culled each week, some of which are incinerated locally, the remainder shipped to mainland Scotland.’
      • ‘An entrenched battle exploded between conservationists and planners over whether to cull surplus animals for meat and hides, in addition to shearing them.’
  • 2Select from a large quantity; obtain from a variety of sources.

    ‘anecdotes culled from Greek and Roman history’
    • ‘Around that heart is a lot of goofy bits culled together from almost every other romantic comedy ever made.’
    • ‘I asked participants to assess a single set of attributes culled from interviews with other organization members.’
    • ‘Many of these sources were taken out of context or culled from secondary sources.’
    • ‘Often the anecdotes he has culled from various sources seen contradictory.’
    • ‘I was disappointed when I saw the condition of the outfit I carefully culled out of the closet that morning.’
    • ‘The rents for the year 1827-28 were culled mostly from notices in the Chester Chronicle.’
    • ‘Here, culled from a variety of management books, are fifty-five ideas on better managing your organization.’
    • ‘The list of thirty-eight downgraded or seriously questioned works has been culled from a wide variety of specialist publications.’
    • ‘These lists have been culled from a variety of critical essays and reviews.’
    • ‘The information is from my own notebook, and was culled from several sources.’
    • ‘His paintings are intensely private visions culled from a variety of photographic and other source materials.’
    • ‘That this work is not might be a result of the fact that it was culled from a variety of sources (including some radio sessions in New York), with some of the tracks dating back to 2001.’
    • ‘The piece mirrors a harmonious blend of contemporary fashion culled out of traditional art form.’
    • ‘The chapters the editors have culled together do not really address these criteria.’
    • ‘As it is, recipes are culled from the usual historical sources.’
    • ‘In some cases, the songs were culled from television variety shows.’
    • ‘"For the English translation we further culled out 58 poems," he said.’
    • ‘The images in the final work you see are carefully culled from hours and hours of footage.’
    • ‘They have been culled from various sources, east and west.’
    • ‘The song list features a wide variety of material, culled from albums recorded throughout the band's entire career.’
    select, choose, pick, take, obtain, get, glean
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1archaic Pick (flowers or fruit)
      ‘fresh culled daffodils’
      • ‘But he could not have based all his multifarious descriptions on personal research, and like any other seeker after knowledge he borrowed other men's observations and culled other men's flowers.’
      • ‘Thus the brother, perusing the books of many saints like a clever bee, culled the flowers of divine quotations.’

noun

  • 1A selective slaughter of animals.

    ‘fishermen are to campaign for a seal cull’
    • ‘The hugely controversial contiguous cull of livestock to combat the foot-and-mouth epidemic was stoutly defended by the Government.’
    • ‘The cull of sheep in the north was completed on Monday.’
    • ‘A mass cull is the only way to make sure that all these sheep are killed.’
    • ‘Suggestions include a partial cull, transferring the birds elsewhere - or stopping people from feeding them.’
    • ‘The proposed cull would be the first since a moratorium was declared in 1995.’
    • ‘Unfortunately their upkeep is so expensive - £468,000 a year - that the council is carrying out a cull.’
    • ‘Last year there was an outcry when a cull of the birds was suggested.’
    • ‘The cull of healthy animals was delayed last week as authorities dealt with the backlog of confirmed cases.’
    • ‘But the Conservatives argued the Government should be bringing forward specific plans for a badger cull immediately.’
    • ‘A total of more than 9,500 sheep and cattle were involved in confirmed outbreaks and contiguous culls.’
    • ‘Culls have been carried out at all 381 farms.’
    • ‘Scientists have started work and one remedy suggested is a cull of the birds.’
    • ‘We do not support the idea of wasting beef from perfectly healthy animals through an extraordinary cattle cull.’
    • ‘A mass cull is the only known method of ensuring the disease does not spread.’
    • ‘The pre-emptive cull of healthy animals in Cumbria is not happening at the pace the government intended.’
    • ‘The contiguous cull led to the slaughter of millions of healthy animals four years ago.’
    • ‘He said that there were international guidelines that governed the selective cull of infected animals.’
    • ‘An executive spokesman said there were no plans for a seal cull in Scottish waters.’
    • ‘In Scotland, troops were last night overseeing a mass pre-emptive cull of apparently healthy sheep to halt the spread.’
    1. 1.1 An inferior or surplus livestock animal selected for culling.
      ‘he keeps his female calves and sells only male calves and herd culls’
      as modifier ‘a cull cow’
      • ‘The kill of heifers was up 3% at 431,901 head and cull cows were 4% higher at 335,008 head.’
      • ‘Reduce stocking rate by selling yearlings or cull cows.’
      • ‘One Teagasc survey showed that 20% of beef cattle and cull cows had inadequate levels of copper.’
      • ‘Cows removed from the herd as reproductive culls were excluded also.’
      • ‘Sustainable cowherds require replacement of cull cows either internally via raised heifers or externally with purchased females.’
      • ‘Cull cow prices showed a sharp increase.’
      • ‘Feeding cull cows a feedlot diet for a period of time before selling may improve quality of animals and overall profitability.’
      • ‘They'll take all the cull ewes and rams we send them, and even pay a decent price.’
      • ‘The cull heifer prices used were for 1999, the cull cow for 2000, and the calf price for the first calf was for 2000.’
      • ‘The old ' cull ewes' sold for as little as two pounds apiece.’
      • ‘At the time of marketing, cull cows were individually weighed, and BCS was recorded.’
      • ‘A total of 80 cull cows from four ranches were received at a commercial feedlot near Miles City, MI, in mid-November.’
      • ‘Our beef calves and our cull sows are still sold on a conventional pricing system.’
      • ‘The development costs for all heifers were adjusted by the income from the sale of cull heifers.’
      • ‘The drop in cull cow prices was reflected across the board.’
      • ‘He said any increase in cull ewe numbers were being sold through the live export trade.’
      • ‘He hasn't sold a cull sow since February.’
      • ‘However, the primiparous heifer that is open is likely to bring cull cow price or a price at least between the cull cow and an open yearling.’
      • ‘They are the vast majority of UK farmers who have not been ‘taken out’ in livestock culls; farmers who must find markets for their animals, even though they know they will be selling at a loss.’
      • ‘Cull cow prices have eased slightly this week.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French coillier, based on Latin colligere (see collect).

Pronunciation

cull

/kʌl/