Main definitions of cuff in English

: cuff1cuff2

cuff1

noun

  • 1The end part of a sleeve, where the material of the sleeve is turned back or a separate band is sewn on.

    ‘a red dress with a white lace collar and cuffs’
    • ‘It had bell sleeves, the cuffs of which covered her black lace enveloped hands.’
    • ‘Simplify construction by utilizing existing sweater or dress sleeves as the sleeves and cuffs of the new garment.’
    • ‘A tiny, golden button on the cuff of his sleeve sparkled in the dim light, embossed with a winged human.’
    • ‘David wondered what she was looking for - a sleeve cuff buttoned askew?’
    • ‘The older man smoothed out the cuffs of his sleeves and leaned against his desk.’
    • ‘The sleeves had large buttoned cuffs, becoming narrower from the second half of the century onwards.’
    • ‘A shirt that boasts nice cuffs and a well-designed collar is usually of higher quality.’
    • ‘His shirt cuffs showed from the sleeves of his blazer, each joined with a gold cufflink shaped like a W, and a small cross crafted from several diamonds centered in each letter.’
    • ‘Others wear knee-length shirts and loose pants, with the cuffs of the sleeves and pants trimmed with piping and lace.’
    • ‘On the left cuff of the jacket was a golden pin, with three interwoven circles.’
    • ‘The silver ring, the symbol of his fealty, came off with little difficulty, then the buttons at the cuff of each sleeve.’
    • ‘The neckline, underarms, sleeve cuffs, and gown back are areas that experience friction and are not considered effective microbial barriers.’
    • ‘With ageless patch pockets, elasticated cuffs and waist band, this is a must.’
    • ‘So if you're wearing a '60s button-down shirt with retro cuffs and a big collar, wear it with a regular suit or a cool pair of jeans.’
    • ‘There are even scraps of their garments, including a cuff from a sleeve, and a possible wall hanging.’
    • ‘Made from a soft wool blend, it features a gray, ribbed knit finish along the cuffs, collar and waistband, with brown suede patches on the elbows.’
    • ‘Glue scraps of white fleece or fuzzy yarn to the red suit's cuffs and lower band.’
    • ‘The long-sleeve style has button-through sleeve plackets, adjustable cuffs and a back pleat.’
    • ‘The sleeves were white and had an elastic cuff around her wrist causing it to take a bell shape somewhat.’
    • ‘For a unified look, use the same fabric for other elements, such as the collar, cuffs or front band.’
    1. 1.1 The part of a glove covering the wrist.
      • ‘You need to loosen any instrument straps and peel back the cuff of your glove to get access, but it is possible to get a lungful of air into the suit.’
      • ‘She made her way quietly to the checkpoint, stopping only to activate a small device she carried in the cuff of her glove.’
      • ‘She tugged at the cuffs of her white gloves and signed.’
      • ‘Michael stretched out his arms to either side and grasped the edges of the beam, the metal studs on the cuffs of his gloves biting into the wood.’
      • ‘I watched with envy as 7mm gloves with double cuffs and dry gloves were donned by the more experienced divers, and resigned myself to living with cold hands.’
    2. 1.2North American A trouser turn-up.
      ‘a pair of faded denims with the cuffs rolled up’
      • ‘Golf is kind of like a sport - yet true sports shoes (like running shoes) look dumb sticking out from under the cuffs of regular trousers.’
      • ‘I remembered looking down at one point and realizing the cuffs of my pants were soaked with blood.’
      • ‘Always in their best grey suits, they nevertheless fail the sartorial test by wearing trainers which glare from under their trouser cuffs.’
      • ‘Bending over, he rolled up the cuffs on his legs to just below his knees.’
      • ‘At any rate, she rolled up the cuffs of her camouflage cargo pants a few times so she didn't trip if today's class required running.’
      • ‘It would not do to be messy now, he thought, flicking a small amount of ash from the cuff of his trousers.’
      • ‘Also, my clips seem to slip off cord trousers, leaving my cuffs to flap merrily in the breeze and play with the bike chain.’
      • ‘Should men wear cuffs on trousers or are they really a thing of the past?’
      • ‘As a general rule, your trousers' cuffs should break and create a small fold when you have your shoes on.’
      • ‘She managed to stay mostly dry, but the cuffs of her pants were damp.’
      • ‘In jeans made of this denim, the cuffs can be rolled up for colorful effects.’
      • ‘Of course, there are one or two trivial drafting upgrades - the kinds of parliamentary fashion changes that are no more important than whether trousers will have cuffs on them this year.’
      • ‘My jeans were only slightly damp at the cuffs, so I rolled them up a little.’
      • ‘Most men wear pleated trousers, which as a rule, should always have cuffs.’
    3. 1.3 The top part of a boot, typically padded or turned down.
      ‘the ankle cuff provided support without restricting my movement’
      • ‘A buckle on the cuff makes controlling the support easier.’
      • ‘The sash wrapped around the top of his tight black pants, which came down smoothly into the cuffs of his knee high, black leather boots.’
      • ‘The boot's plastic cuff has been pared down so that, while it still cradles the heel and lower leg, it now allows for some forward flex.’
      • ‘Just put a boot in the binding and press the cuff of the boot from side-to-side and look for wobble and slop.’
      • ‘The internal liner isn't attached to the cuffs at the ankles which seems a bit strange to start with, but I reckon it is to help with the material sliding against the outer shell.’
      • ‘Hinged cuffs improve a skate's ankle support, forward flexibility, and stability.’
      • ‘The low boot cuff allows you to maintain the tuck position longer and with less effort.’
      • ‘It pulls the cable and snugs down the cuff of the boot as if you were operating a separate buckle.’
      • ‘So, getting into your local indoor track, most all skaters will have the low cuff, five wheel roller boots.’
      • ‘It will have a high cuff for full ankle support along with the 90 mm wheels.’
      • ‘Learn to trust the ankle support designed into a high cuff in-line skate.’
      • ‘The rigid cuffs in well-made entry level skates adequately support weak ankles, even for overweight skaters.’
      • ‘Many soft boot models are outfitted with a plastic hinged cuff for added support.’
      • ‘Common were the 1943 leather combat service boots with buckled cuff.’
  • 2cuffsinformal Handcuffs.

    ‘when the cuffs went on he had braced his wrists’
    • ‘Next day, he was driven 300 miles in cuffs and leg chains to Portland, Maine's largest city.’
    • ‘They placed cuffs on his wrists and Faith's father struggled even more.’
    • ‘I rubbed my wrist where the cuffs had been and scowled.’
    • ‘You go inside, and inside is a chair with cuffs and restraints.’
    • ‘Their arms were in cuffs chained to the wall, and their toes skimmed the ground.’
    • ‘He was forced face down on the bunk while the handcuffs were removed and replaced by nylon flex cuffs.’
    • ‘She then handed me ankle cuffs and handcuffs to fasten on my ankles and wrists.’
    • ‘As with the suddenly long line of others, he had been stripped of clothing, cuffs holding his wrists and a chain connecting to the one behind.’
    • ‘In his hands was a length of chains leading to some iron cuffs, much too heavy for the being who wore them.’
    • ‘The clink of chains woke her up fast enough to see two guards slipping on huge iron cuffs, each with a long chain attached, to her wrists.’
    • ‘And police then took him into custody and have more secure cuffs now on him.’
    • ‘He was taunted for his religious beliefs, transported in painful cuffs and shackles, and denied family visits or telephone calls.’
    • ‘The cuffs around her wrists were starting to irritate her skin, etching angry red marks on it.’
    • ‘They then attempted to remove him but he became so aggressive they were forced to put him on the floor of the van and restrain him with ankle cuffs.’
    • ‘I ended up in jail, and I had to go everywhere in ankle cuffs and regular cuffs.’
    • ‘Two of the guards fastened their cuffs around my wrists, and dragged me to my feet.’
    • ‘Each is handcuffed and wears leg-irons comprising metal cuffs joined by a 10-inch chain between the ankles.’
    • ‘A chain linked the two cuffs together, but it was still palpable that he was a prisoner.’
    • ‘They put the cuffs on his wrists and walk him down the hall.’
    • ‘We were escorted inside by the big cop, hands tied behind us in cuffs.’
  • 3An inflatable bag wrapped round the arm when blood pressure is measured.

    • ‘He used a pillowcase to carry his stethoscope, otoscope, blood pressure cuff, and pulse oximeter.’
    • ‘The most common error in blood pressure measurement is use of inappropriate cuff size.’
    • ‘This is an inflatable cuff which fits round the upper arm and is connected to a mercury manometer.’
    • ‘A BP cuff was placed around each subject's thigh, just proximal to the knee.’
    • ‘You inflate the cuff on your upper arm by squeezing a rubber bulb.’
    • ‘Pneumatic tourniquets consist of an inflatable cuff, pressure source, pressure regulator, connective tubing, and pressure display.’
    • ‘Additionally, proper selection of cuff size is imperative for accurate measurements.’
    • ‘This can occur if a blood pressure cuff can't inflate properly because your arteries have become severely stiffened.’
    • ‘Blood pressure is normally taken with a device that has an inflatable cuff that is wrapped around the upper arm.’
    • ‘At each prenatal visit, the health care provider measures blood pressure with an inflatable cuff that wraps around the woman's upper arm.’
    • ‘For extremities, inflating a blood pressure cuff above systolic pressure assists in wound inspection and repair.’
    • ‘They require you to manually inflate the arm cuff but they automatically measure blood pressure and heart rate.’
    • ‘The circulating nurse assists the anesthesia care provider by applying appropriately sized electrocardiogram pads, blood pressure cuff, and pulse oximeter.’
    • ‘Blood pressure cuffs are placed on the proximal and distal thigh, below the knee and above the ankle.’
    • ‘The next time a nurse inflates a blood pressure cuff around your bicep, pay attention.’
    • ‘Kids could have a lot of fun with a blood-pressure cuff and pulse oximeter, in a supervised setting.’
    • ‘Blood pressure is measured using an inflatable cuff.’
    • ‘The blood pressure cuff is inflated by hand to a level that obliterates the arterial pressure or pulse.’
    • ‘A blood pressure cuff and hand-held Doppler stethoscope are required to perform this test.’

verb

[with object]informal
  • Secure with handcuffs.

    ‘the man's hands were cuffed behind his back’
    • ‘He cuffed David's hand behind his back and then glanced at me with slightly more curiosity,’
    • ‘His hands were cuffed behind him, and he moved only when his burly guard signaled.’
    • ‘Lucas slowly lifted her and cuffed her hands behind her.’
    • ‘The guard pulled Rob to his feet and forcefully set him into the chair, cuffing his hands behind him.’
    • ‘Finally, the detective sighed in exasperation, and ordered his partner to take the teacher away, cuffing his hands from behind.’
    • ‘A small girl stepped down the narrow hall, wrists cuffed together.’
    • ‘He was believed to have suffered a minor injury to one of his hands but his arms were cuffed behind his back throughout the 15-minute hearing.’
    • ‘Her arms are cuffed behind her back, her legs manacled together, and both are connected with another chain.’
    • ‘Unluckily for her, we were cuffed together, so she came crashing down with me.’
    • ‘The figure came up behind her and cuffed one of the girl's wrists.’
    • ‘I was on a bed, but both my wrists were cuffed to the bed.’
    • ‘He only let her drive it once, and that was because his hands were cuffed behind his back.’
    • ‘There, their hands were cuffed behind their backs 24 hours a day.’
    • ‘They held him face down, cuffed his hands behind him, and placed a towel over his face.’
    • ‘Her hands being cuffed behind her back forced her into the most uncomfortable sitting position.’
    • ‘He took the handcuffs and cuffed Joe's hands so that the cuffs ran through the rail.’
    • ‘The patient may be handcuffed or shackled with a set of manacles that are cuffed with a chain linking the ankles.’
    • ‘Her head is practically resting on my shoulder from exhaustion, and one hand from each person is cuffed together.’
    • ‘His hands, still cuffed, were knotted on top of the table.’
    • ‘The police cuffed me and put me in the car.’

Phrases

  • off the cuff

    • informal Without preparation.

      ‘they posed some difficult questions to answer off the cuff’
      as modifier ‘an off-the-cuff remark’
      • ‘Does one memorise a previously written piece, read verbatim from a carefully prepared script, or speak off the cuff and risk drying up?’
      • ‘His appearances with Johnny never seemed to indicate that he was able to make humorous off the cuff remarks.’
      • ‘This may seem to give disproportionate attention to a single off the cuff remark.’
      • ‘I think he'd be able to answer questions quicker off the cuff.’
      • ‘Everything I do here is off the cuff: that is the way we are.’
      • ‘He was one of our more experienced players but in saying that, although he tried hard on Sunday a lot of stuff he did was off the cuff and no use to the side at all.’
      • ‘They said they'd rehearsed but they would have been better doing something off the cuff.’
      • ‘My remark was off the cuff and I stress that at that time I had made no calculation as to possible damage to the reversionary interest.’
      • ‘His prepared, textbook address at the sod-turning ceremony on Tuesday somehow took a backseat to his entirely off the cuff remarks.’
      • ‘Imagine not being allowed a slip of one tongue, an off the cuff remark or even a second thought.’
      impromptu, extempore, ad lib
      without preparation, without rehearsal, impromptu, ad lib
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (denoting a glove or mitten): of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

cuff

/kʌf/

Main definitions of cuff in English

: cuff1cuff2

cuff2

verb

[with object]
  • Strike (someone) with an open hand, especially on the head.

    ‘he cuffed him playfully on the ear’
    • ‘"Shut it! " the elder warrior hissed, cuffing his ears.’
    • ‘Some have attempted resistance, and many of those have had their ears cuffed by a judge.’
    • ‘Whenever Ford tried to get to his feet, Karl cuffed him.’
    • ‘I laughed and cuffed him playfully across the side of the head.’
    • ‘He closed his eyes, I guess so he couldn't see it coming, and let her cuff him right in the chops, but he didn't budge.’
    • ‘She comes running at him so hard her legs are a blur, falls on him, and just whales his head as she cuffs him.’
    • ‘Simon reached over and cuffed Richard on the shoulder.’
    • ‘You've taught her how to use a gun, how to cuff someone and how to do a few punches?’
    • ‘He bowed slightly and Ian cuffed him on the shoulder.’
    • ‘He often cuffs the kids, especially boys, no matter what they say.’
    • ‘He cuffed his brother upside the head and dismounted.’
    • ‘He shrugged, and was again cuffed soundly on the head.’
    • ‘‘Good to see you back with us Lynn,’ I said, cuffing her on the back.’
    • ‘Again, he was cuffed soundly on the head.’
    • ‘It is sufficiently perturbed by this pandemic of kids carrying out surreal stunts on strangers to issue handy hints on how to spot a happy slapper who's about to cuff you one.’
    • ‘Chester cuffs him on the back of the head, which she rarely ever does.’
    • ‘He cuffs me at the back of my head, harshly, and I wince, tears stinging my eyes.’
    • ‘People said my brother was face down on the ground and they were kneeling on him and cuffing him on his head and body.’
    • ‘Buddy cuffed Roy on the head, slapped a small shovel in his hands, and gave him a hard shove.’
    • ‘I remember the household woman I had seen the day he left cuffing my serving girl on the side of the head.’
    hit, strike, slap, smack, thump, thwack, beat, punch, swat, knock, rap, box someone's ears
    View synonyms

noun

  • usually in singular A blow given with an open hand.

    ‘Luke gave Flora a mild cuff’
    • ‘Once they reach oh-my-god-haven't they-grown proportions, buy a stepping stool for those moments when you need to give them a swift cuff around the back of the head.’
    • ‘They are unable to see the difference between a good old fashioned cuff on the ear and serial beatings.’
    • ‘The second I exposed myself, the blow would come, a cuff across the head or shoulders that I'd feel for days.’
    • ‘He gave him a cuff rather than a vicious elbow, but once you raise your elbow you have to go off.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

cuff

/kʌf/