Definition of crush in English:



  • 1Deform, pulverize, or force inwards by compressing forcefully.

    ‘you can crush a pill between two spoons’
    ‘a labourer was crushed to death by a lorry’
    ‘the crushed remains of a Ford Cortina’
    • ‘Allicin, which forms once a clove is crushed or otherwise damaged, is believed by some scientists to be one of the beneficial compounds in garlic.’
    • ‘My shoes made a soft crunching sound as they crushed the dry, brown grass beneath them.’
    • ‘In this case the experiment involves using a hydraulic press to crush specimen cubes of the concrete, and measuring the pressure at which the cube breaks.’
    • ‘Then, simply squeeze as hard as you can to crush the apple.’
    • ‘Paul crushes all of the pills and puts them into his mother's nightly milk.’
    • ‘Wherever you go on the island you will see piles of black netting beside each tree which the islanders string up to catch the olives, and in almost every garden, the ancient stone presses still used to crush them.’
    • ‘Absorbable gelatin also can be crushed and injected.’
    • ‘As such they could be crushed and ground for use, like peppercorns, as well as pressed to make a juice.’
    • ‘Then I want to pulverize those rocks by crushing each against the other, and that takes every last ounce of power and strength in my soul.’
    • ‘After I stuffed that in, my bag was full and hard to zip up without knowing I was crushing some of the crunchy snacks.’
    • ‘Samples of 8-10 kg were crushed and milled, and the less than 400 [mu] m fraction was sieved out.’
    • ‘Individual samples weighing 24 kg were collected from the Dal and Bandak volcanics and were crushed and milled.’
    • ‘In the first case, they are made like a white wine; that's to say the grapes are crushed and/or pressed, then fermented without their skins.’
    • ‘Chopping devices are favoured over mincers because the latter tend to crush the meat, squeezing out the juices.’
    pulverize, pound, grind, break up, smash, shatter, crumble, crunch, splinter
    squash, squeeze, press, compress
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    1. 1.1Crease or crumple (cloth or paper).
      • ‘A homeless guy who had to survive winter in the streets crushed up paper and stuffed his clothes with them for insulation.’
      • ‘A pit littered with chai cups, some made of plastic, now crushed and crumpled, others made of clay, already dissolving under the dew.’
      • ‘No trampling of feet, no crushed creases, no sweat and no traffic jams.’
      • ‘I went out to the garden to check the low faucet, hoping to find a trickle of water and instead, I found some paper crushed under the garden gate.’
      • ‘At the end of the meeting he crushed a membership card into my hand and had me signed up.’
      • ‘The walls paneled in wood and papered in crushed and patterned velvet.’
      • ‘The cigarette she was smoking is now crushed in her clenched fist.’
      • ‘He crushed the paper and threw it across the parking lot.’
      • ‘She looked at the crumpled ticket that was crushed in her hand.’
      • ‘She asked, crushing one of the sheets of paper into a ball in frustration.’
      • ‘I just found the crushed bit of paper in my coat pocket.’
      • ‘He crushed the carefully constructed puppet in his fist.’
      crease, crumple, rumple, wrinkle, crinkle, scrunch up, ruck up
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  • 2Violently subdue (opposition or a rebellion)

    ‘the government had taken elaborate precautions to crush any resistance’
    • ‘The stages in Stalin's ascent were marked by crushing opposition on the grandest scale.’
    • ‘After that also the Turkish security forces crushed them, arrested them, most of them.’
    • ‘When this news arrived in Paris on the last day of 1791, it seemed to confirm all that Brissot and his allies had been claiming about a league of despots determined to crush the Revolution.’
    • ‘Russian armies crushed the rebellions, with devastating effects for Polish nationhood.’
    • ‘The Vienna city council was eventually crushed by military force.’
    • ‘When the revolution was crushed by imperial forces, many Estonian revolutionary leaders fled abroad.’
    • ‘They were perceived as radical extremists by the Indian government that used ruthless force to crush the burgeoning movement.’
    • ‘The short-lived rebellion, which called for an end to colonial rule and a return of the local feudal monarchy, was brutally crushed by British forces.’
    • ‘The authorities responded with strong force, crushing the armed rebels in 1771 at the Battle of the Alamance.’
    • ‘The April Uprising was crushed with great cruelty by the Ottoman Army.’
    • ‘In 1837, the British were crushing a rebellion in Upper Canada.’
    • ‘This experience led some socialists to conclude that fascism was merely the instrument of the bourgeoisie for crushing the workers.’
    • ‘Even almost entirely non-violent protest might be crushed with extreme force.’
    • ‘Increasingly repressive measures to crush the rebellion have resulted in a death toll of 1,100 guerrillas, police and civilians over the past four years.’
    • ‘In Scotland, the supporters of the deposed king had to be crushed by force of arms, a process which was completed in 1689.’
    • ‘Special security forces crushed the uprisings, leaving at least a thousand casualties.’
    • ‘Even modest reform following the April 1960 student uprising was violently crushed.’
    • ‘They are performing a state duty, which is to crush the armed rebellion.’
    • ‘He was then promoted to governor-general, where he asserted his authority, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade.’
    • ‘The Gestapo took these efforts seriously enough to crush them with the utmost ferocity.’
    suppress, put down, quell, quash, squash, stamp out, put an end to, put a stop to, overcome, overpower, defeat, extinguish, vanquish, triumph over, break, bring someone to their knees, repress, subdue
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  • 3Make (someone) feel overwhelmingly disappointed or embarrassed.

    ‘I was crushed—was I not good enough?’
    ‘the news came as a crushing blow’
    • ‘I was crushed and disappointed when a boy moved in just before sixth grade.’
    • ‘With the pressure off and with nothing to lose he pulled off a great win which sent the French crowd home in almost as much shock as 12 months ago, after that crushing Davis Cup defeat.’
    • ‘But far from crushing him, the defeat tempered him and set him on course for the island's highest job.’
    • ‘But the suffering of these last two days has crushed me.’
    • ‘No angry parents or humiliating, embarrassing friends or disappointed, crushed twin sister.’
    • ‘I was completely crushed and blown away by her reaction, and even more so by my dad's, which was exactly the same.’
    • ‘The disaster, crushing U.S consumer and business confidence, has also left a gaping hole in the world economy.’
    • ‘I was crushed by life. I was imprisoned, I lost all my money and assets - there was quite a lot of it.’
    • ‘I'm crushed, but I might as well get something out of this disappointment - if you have a view on where the best tau huay is, please share.’
    • ‘As a registered democrat I cannot help but be continually crushed by failure of my party to get it.’
    • ‘Instead, he just offers a dreamlike glimpse into the mental anguish of a tormented artist being crushed under the pressures of commercial success.’
    • ‘It crushes the body, flattens the spirit, and makes about as much sense as carrying a picnic table when you would be just as happy sitting on the grass.’
    • ‘The shocking brutality of this truth crushes me.’
    • ‘I knew he hadn't been there at all, and I thought the disappointment was going to crush me.’
    mortify, humiliate, abash, chagrin, deflate, demoralize, flatten, squash
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  • 1[usually in singular] A crowd of people pressed closely together.

    ‘a number of youngsters fainted in the crush’
    • ‘The crowd would start to assemble early, a crush on the sidewalk that spilled across the street into quiet Dolores Park.’
    • ‘I was afraid I would lose my daughter in the crush of human bodies.’
    • ‘He stood on a banked terrace, leaning back against one of the stone walls which he supposed had been built to retain the crush of the crowd.’
    • ‘Does she dream nostalgically of the crowds and crush of Christmas shopping in Coney Street, or roasting her chestnuts on a three-bar electric fire?’
    • ‘Considering the lack of bodies, there's still something of a crush at the front.’
    • ‘The drunken crush of merrymakers swayed the curious crowd back and forth.’
    • ‘Sadly, most people were caught in a mobile crush as crowds massed from one possible vantage point to another in search of York's secret firework display.’
    • ‘The news spread fast and the crowds became a crush within a few hours.’
    • ‘The red headed girl whom she hadn't properly met yet appeared at her side and together they managed to weave their way out of the crush out into the hallway.’
    • ‘I listened to this with my eyes closed and put my mind to work, brought up the consistency of what sat under feet, the crush of rocking bodies, and the band, just beyond the mosh pit.’
    • ‘So while he continued his speech I struggled out through the crush of the crowd to the quieter streets beyond the public square.’
    • ‘Parents created a frenzied crush of their own as they crowded around Gardai, begging for news of their loved ones.’
    • ‘With blood on my hands and forearms, I followed them downstairs and wandered through the crowd in the lobby, a crush of scared and bewildered reporters and hotel staff.’
    • ‘It was also the beginnings of the crush where we were and crowd surfers began coming closer to our heads.’
    • ‘In fact, the tourists are flocking to Greece in even bigger numbers than ever for this time of the year, trying to miss the Olympic crush in August.’
    • ‘I wasn't too keen today, didn't feel like being jostled in the market-day crowd, so I determined to do no more than drop in to the supermarket, avoiding the crush altogether.’
    • ‘The heat, the noise, the crush of bodies - everything was intensified.’
    • ‘But those two exits were not opened at the end of the football game nine days ago, and families trying to get out say they were caught up in a crush which frightened their children.’
    crowd, throng, horde, swarm, sea, mass, pack, press, multitude, mob
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  • 2informal A brief but intense infatuation for someone, especially someone unattainable.

    ‘she did have a crush on Dr Russell’
    • ‘I have a crush on a friend who is very near and dear to me.’
    • ‘My best friend started to have a crush on my guy friend at the same time she had a crush on another guy.’
    • ‘Realizing that you're starting to have a crush on a friend can produce a whole new set of fears and considerations.’
    • ‘Have you ever had a crush on a fictional character?’
    • ‘No, don't read anything into that, I don't have a crush on my best friend, I'm not that sadly tortured, but I can admit he is cute.’
    • ‘Or, worse yet, as Nadda feared she might end up having to ask, how can you casually ask a person if they might have a crush on their best friend?’
    • ‘He said other staff warned the teacher that the youth might have a crush on her, which should have been a ‘warning sign’, but she became more attracted to him.’
    • ‘I was rather taken with him and as we spent more time together I started to develop a bit of a crush on him.’
    • ‘My crush and I walk home from school together because we live close to each other.’
    • ‘I had a crush on my cousin when I was in grade school.’
    • ‘Was it really possible that some of my friends could potentially have a crush on me?’
    • ‘It is like when you are in love… or to the least, have a crush on someone… no matter what the person does to you, you are able to see it in a positive light.’
    • ‘He was to all intents and purposes heterosexual… but then he found he had a crush on one particular bloke in his office.’
    • ‘But that was kind of stupid to think it was a crush when they lived together.’
    • ‘Alternately, I want someone to have a crush on me.’
    • ‘We had practically all the same classes together in the eighth grade and she somehow had a crush on me close to the end of the year.’
    • ‘Did you ever have a crush on someone so off the beaten path that people just shake their heads at you in dismay when you mention it?’
    • ‘Of course that was back when I had a crush on him… I would've fainted!’
    • ‘I knew him casually but he wasn't the kind of guy I'd ever have a crush on.’
    • ‘I have/had a crush on a guy 10 years younger than me.’
    infatuation, obsession, love, passion, passing fancy
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    1. 2.1A person with whom someone is infatuated.
      ‘it turns out she thought you were flirting with her crush’
      • ‘Of all my high school crushes - Robert Downey Jr. and Matthew Broderick also fall in this category - John is the only one who has been consistently entertaining into his late 20s and 30s.’
      • ‘It's not that simple to go up to your crush of two years and just tell her you like her!’
      • ‘It didn't help that I was best friends with her crush; she thought I was competition.’
      • ‘Along the way, I thought of Ben, my latest crush at school and a small smile spread across my face.’
      • ‘As I wandered up the alley by the football ground I almost literally bumped into one of my old crushes.’
      • ‘I had a folder of pictures of all my crushes.’
      • ‘My crush came to my first volleyball game of the season.’
      • ‘The next time your BFF’s crush is talking to you while ignoring her, be polite but don’t do anything your BFF can translate as you flirting with him.’
      • ‘I felt like a young girl who, after many months of contemplation, had just decided to talk to her crush.’
      • ‘He was her first teen crush, the first (and only) "teenage heartthrob" that had ever adorned her bedroom wall.’
      • ‘A major blizzard has been predicted all week, but 15-year old Haley is more concerned about the movie date she has planned with her crush.’
      • ‘She was finally going to talk to her crush, Ryan Hanson.’
      • ‘My BFF lives across the street from my crush.’
      • ‘Right now my crush is a sophomore by the name of Noah Hamilton.’
      • ‘Debbie Harry - my first big time teenage crush!’
      • ‘The flirtatious Emily spends a lot of the film clumsily pursuing her crush, the somewhat receptive Fin.’
      • ‘Whenever Cupid strikes, there's often an urge to tell your crush exactly how you feel.’
      • ‘We see the camera lens fog up whenever Micha lays eyes on his crush, the ridiculously foxy Miriam.’
  • 3[mass noun] A drink made from the juice of pressed fruit.

    ‘lemon crush’
    • ‘I'll have a double espresso and a mango and passion fruit crush, please.’
    • ‘Garvie's had bitter lemon crush, super bitter lemon crush and lemon crush.’
    • ‘Or add strawberry crush, pineapple juice, and some mint.’
    • ‘Pour some orange and raspberry crush juice into lolly moulds.’
    • ‘A bit more of sweet is the Pink Panther with strawberry crush, cream, lemon, honey, and milk.’
    squash, fruit juice, cordial, drink
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  • 4A fenced passage with one narrow end, used for handling cattle or sheep.

    • ‘Alternatively the lambs should be sprayed in the crush pen.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • crush on

    • Be infatuated with.

      ‘he's awesome, so it wasn't too surprising that other girls were crushing on him’
      • ‘David, their 12-year-old neighbor, has developed an innocent crush on the older sister.’
      • ‘For years, Elaine had harbored a secret schoolgirl's crush on George.’
      • ‘I think I have a platonic crush on you.’
      • ‘I admit I initially had a crush on you!’
      • ‘I know a young man who has a crush on an older woman.’
      • ‘In junior high, I had a crush on a girl who I will name Cynthia.’
      • ‘Darcy was pre-eminently the sort of guy shy girls would have crushes on.’
      • ‘A few months later I had a similarly intense crush on a boy.’
      • ‘A cameraman on the show has an unrequited crush on your character.’
      • ‘I suspect many of you think I have a crush on Ben.’


Middle English: from Old French cruissir, gnash (teeth) or crack, of unknown origin.