Definition of cruck in English:



  • Either of a pair of curved timbers extending from ground level to the transverse beam or ridge of a roof and forming a structure frame in a medieval timber-framed house.

    [as modifier] ‘a cruck barn’
    • ‘The old cottage is an example of ‘cruck’ construction, a very early form of building, the crucks being the main timbers which, in the shape of an arch, support the building.’
    • ‘We dropped down to Barnclose Farm, which is a somewhat out of place suburban and modern dwelling sited opposite a notable and charming ancient cruck house.’
    • ‘Nearby is a 17th century cruck barn and a collection of domestic animals.’
    • ‘In light of these excavations, many other sites were reassessed, with the result that cruck building was identified at these too, showing that cruck building was not only known, but widespread by the seventh century.’
    • ‘The evidence for this is a cruck, a pair of large and matching curved timbers reaching from the ground to the apex of the roof, a characteristic of medieval timber-framed buildings.’
    • ‘The route skirts the Folk Museum for a free peek at the ye-olde shops, the heather thatch and the splendid cruck style manor house that was reassembled here.’
    • ‘Its roof is supported by eleven pairs of raised base crucks.’
    • ‘It is one of the largest cruck houses in Yorkshire.’
    • ‘It would have been much larger than a Medieval peasant's cruck house.’


Late 16th century: variant of crook.