Definition of cruciform in English:



  • 1Having the shape of a cross.

    ‘a cruciform sword’
    • ‘It was decided at the start to make the church inside into its true cruciform shape.’
    • ‘The building inside was redesigned into its true cruciform shape.’
    • ‘Decanters from the late 18th century have been copied profusely, whereas the earlier cruciform shapes have been left alone.’
    • ‘Then there is the cruciform shape of the space, which solves a design issue common to big houses with big rooms.’
    • ‘The jet buttons had been brought from 250 km away, and one of them was decorated with a cruciform design made by selectively dulling the polished surface and inlaying metallic tin, which must have been imported from south-west England.’
    • ‘There is also an early version of the passage-tomb, in a cruciform shape, it's one of the largest surviving monuments of the Carrowmore cemetery.’
    • ‘He often favored cruciform shapes and muted, earthy colors to which he frequently added rust.’
    • ‘Chalcolithic stone figures take a cruciform shape from the outstretched arms or from a second figure at right angles to the first.’
    • ‘This last is interesting not only for its cruciform plan, but also because it is one of the few examples of covered mosques in India.’
    • ‘Built out of local white quartzite sandstone, it follows a simple but rigorous cruciform plan, a subconscious testament to the Victorian virtues of health, hygiene and religion.’
    • ‘It is possible that each node where the DNA molecule crosses itself in three-dimensional space, perhaps mimicking a cruciform, creates an ideal binding site for HMG proteins.’
    • ‘Twin crystals are common; they show swallow-tail or arrow-head forms and more rarely cruciform growths, and may grow to 3-4 m long.’
    • ‘The cruciform cast-pewter mountings continue their references to Maori Christian imagery.’
    • ‘In the lower zone, the emperor, holding the white scroll, and his son, carrying a cruciform staff, proceed toward the right and begin to ascend a prominent staircase.’
    • ‘The motifs shared by the petroglyphic art include circles, cruciform shapes, star motifs and herringbone patterns.’
    • ‘The steel columns are expressed: cruciform in shape, a modern fluting effect, they are chrome-plated.’
    • ‘Despite the apparently irregular urban configurations of most ancient cities of the Maya lowlands, at least some Maya centers seem to have been organized according to cruciform urban plans.’
    1. 1.1 (of a church) having a cross-shaped plan with a nave and transepts.
      • ‘The church's presence on a major suburban road is prominent, not for a spire, steeple or traditional cruciform design, but for its textured walls in contrasting tan and blonde brick.’
      • ‘The depiction in 1648 still reflects the medieval cruciform plan of the church, with a prominent tower (replaced in the 18th century) at the centre.’
      • ‘The aisles were also given the tradition Anglican cruciform pattern.’
      • ‘Within Tisbury itself is its cruciform church, C12 with C14 and C15 additions.’


  • A thing shaped like a cross.

    • ‘The older building's square symmetry finds its opposite in the asymmetrical cruciform of the new.’
    • ‘The results suggest that long inverted repeats can form hairpins or cruciforms when they are located within a region of the helix backbone that is intrinsically curved, leading to large mobility anomalies in polyacrylamide gels.’
    • ‘Steel-framed transparent glass above the tub is part of a skylight cruciform that runs the entire length and width of the third floor.’
    • ‘Elsewhere, the typical Roman cruciform plan of main streets was retained, or even introduced from new as in Oxford, Wallingford, and Cricklade.’
    • ‘Faye placed two feathers, tied cruciform with black wool, on top of the bag while reciting her own bit.’
    • ‘Flutists are asked to sing through their instruments, pianists are asked to whistle and moan, and instrumental scores are visually twisted into circles or cruciforms.’
    • ‘It featured central consulting rooms, and male and female wards on either side of the cruciform.’
    • ‘It is cruciform in plan, constructed of large dressed stones (grand appareil); the central chamber is flanked by three rectangular niches.’
    • ‘Executed in oil, alkyd, acrylic, gesso and charcoal, the series is united by the placement in each horizontal canvas of a dominant graphic cruciform shape that interacts with smaller and typically less readily nameable forms.’
    • ‘These are arranged in a double cruciform, four apartments radiating from each staircase, which ingeniously receives borrowed daylight from two diagonally opposite corners, the other two corners containing service lifts.’


Mid 17th century: from Latin crux, cruc- ‘cross’ + -form.