One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A hooked staff carried by a bishop as a symbol of pastoral office.
rod, tipstaff, mace, wand, sceptre, vergeView synonyms
- ‘In the Celtic regions, where relics were more usually associative than corporeal, these often took the form of a bell once owned by the saint, a crozier, or a book.’
- ‘His crozier and a psalter associated with him were, later, taken into battle.’
- ‘A bishop's crozier possibly thought to date from the early 7th century has been found in a peat bog in Co Offaly, 60 miles west of Dublin.’
- ‘After the formalities, he laid his crozier, as the seal of office, on the altar.’
- ‘And we should not forget that the altarpiece's narrative culminated in the sculpted Coronation of Mary, an event also depicted on the top of Abbot du Clercq's crozier in the Visitation.’
- ‘In it, a bishop who had committed disgraceful acts was stripped of the symbols of his office - mitre, crosier and ring.’
- ‘All the dozen scientists crowded to shake hands with the bishop; he put away his crozier and shook them all.’
- ‘Augustine has placed his bishop's mitre on the altar table and propped his crosier and a censer on either side.’
- ‘I was so delighted with the Pope's visit that I, in a burst of Irish Catholicism, the intensity of which would have melted St. Patrick's crozier sent a postcard off to The Catholic Herald saying how I felt about John Paul's visit here.’
- ‘Although Welsh churches, like English and Irish ones, had gospel books, book and bell shrines, croziers, and reliquaries, church treasuries were much barer there.’
- ‘The infant Jesus, with a gracious look, takes St Bernard's crosier whilst St Bernard, in his white gloves, joins his hands in prayer.’
- ‘He rapped with his crosier upon it, saying: - Lift up your heads, you gates, lift yourselves up, you everlasting doors, that the King of Glory may come in.’
- ‘Abbots, abbesses and bishops were buried with their croziers, the pastoral staffs symbolic of their office.’
2The curled top of a young fern.
- ‘Likely, the presence of mitochondria with functional complex I in the croziers (due to previous expression of wild-type genes in the nuclei from the sterile strain) allows the sexual process to proceed past the initial stages.’
- ‘Typically, the fronds develop from croziers or fiddle heads that develop into a single plane.’
- ‘It is a large fern in its native habitat of Mexico and has monster crosiers up to 10 ft long.’
- ‘The unfurling croziers of Dicksonia antarctica, one of the hardiest of ferns, look like a nest of baby orang-utans.’
- ‘This spring they have come into flower at the same time as a nearby royal fern Osmunda regalis Hillii’ has begun to unroll its crosiers.’
- ‘It is striking that, at the end of their development, these fruiting bodies also exhibit croziers that are uninucleate and sometimes abnormal in their shape and, consequently, in their development toward meiocytes.’
- ‘The nuclei in the penultimate cell undergo a final round of premeiotic replication and then fuse, whereas the basal nuclei enter a new crozier.’
- ‘However, Neolecta lacks paraphyses, and the croziers do not develop until the ascus is formed.’
- ‘Moreover, in contrast to wild-type croziers, almost all mutant croziers are uninucleate.’
- ‘After 10 mitotic divisions, the tip of the hypha bends to form a crozier into which migrates one nucleus of each mating type.’
- ‘Arrowheads point to the upper cell of two of the croziers; they show and keep the typical round shape of young croziers and contain two nuclei of opposite mating type.’
Middle English (originally denoting the person who carried a processional cross in front of an archbishop): partly from Old French croisier ‘cross-bearer’, from crois ‘cross’, based on Latin crux; reinforced by Old French crocier ‘bearer of a bishop's crook’, from croce (see crosse).
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