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A fibrous blue or green mineral consisting of a silicate of iron and sodium.Also called "blue asbestos"
- ‘Asbestos, a fibrous hydrous silicate mineral, exists in 6 forms for industrial use: actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, chrysotile, crocidolite, and tremolite.’
- ‘The major types of silicates causing asbestos-related disease are chrysotile, amosite, and crocidolite, with the latter being the most pathogenic.’
- ‘Another asbestos mineral, crocidolite, is used for more specialized applications, when, for example, better acid resistance is desirable.’
- ‘Both amosite and crocidolite, which typically contains well over 20% iron by weight, are biochemically reactive in the lung because of the catalytic effects of ferrous iron present on the fibre surface.’
- ‘Most amphibole asbestos was mined as crocidolite and amosite from Precambrian banded ironstones in South Africa and, to a lesser extent, Western Australia.’
Mid 19th century: from Greek krokis, krokid- ‘nap of cloth’ + -lite.
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