Definition of cram in English:

cram

verb

  • 1with object Completely fill (a place or container) to the point of overflowing.

    ‘the ashtray by the bed was crammed with cigarette butts’
    • ‘Our livestock buildings are becoming ever more crammed, ruling out species-specific animal husbandry.’
    • ‘For example issues of the Chronicle of Higher Education are crammed to the brim with advertising from online education companies.’
    • ‘Many of these works are crammed with details and it is humanly impossible to recreate them.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with them, far too many to take in during one visit.’
    • ‘This salsa is very chunky and crammed full of tomatoes.’
    • ‘The room was crammed with suitcases, footwear, clothes and other odds and ends strewn carelessly around.’
    • ‘The episodes on the second volume worked because they were crammed to the brim with jokes.’
    • ‘The flyover, roads and even pavements are crammed with vehicles.’
    • ‘Cars are filled and shopping centres and retail parks are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘The place was crammed with Turkish fans who couldn't wait for their heroes to become world champions.’
    • ‘Instead she found herself in a room so crammed full of people that there was nowhere for her to sit.’
    • ‘Each bus is crammed full of passengers, luggage strapped on the roof racks.’
    • ‘Every public place, including the hospital, schools and churches, are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘Unlike her last, this is not an album crammed to the brim with hit singles.’
    • ‘Sighing loudly, I made my way back into the hall which was now crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘Like all the entries in the encyclopedia, this one is crammed with details.’
    • ‘A favourite with day-trippers, the small town is crammed with glittering gift shops, candyfloss and tourists.’
    • ‘I agree with most people, the place is crammed with achingly cool Danes.’
    • ‘The caravan park was crammed with campers, vans and tents.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with cinema memorabilia - room after room packed full of it.’
    stuff, pack, jam, fill, crowd, throng
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    1. 1.1 Force (people or things) into a place or container that is or appears to be too small to contain them.
      ‘it's amazing how you've managed to cram everyone in’
      figurative ‘he had crammed so much into his short life’
      • ‘When he observed the multitude of people crammed into the small space, he stopped short.’
      • ‘There are dwellings crammed into every corner, up high and down low.’
      • ‘There are about perhaps 500 people crammed into this small space.’
      • ‘The room was lined with bears, crammed into tiny isolation cages.’
      • ‘Once again, writers like to cram a lot of material into a single sentence.’
      • ‘Everyone has seen on television a packed football ground with 50,000 spectators crammed together.’
      • ‘Yesterday all my stuff arrived in Brixton and is now crammed into my room.’
      • ‘To say I crammed too many tomatoes into that small section is an understatement.’
      • ‘Are the brightly-coloured birds you see crammed into cages by street vendors being sold illegally?’
      • ‘The average age of the 2,000 squealing fans crammed into the Civic Hall is 14.’
      • ‘Crammed into the truck are men and women wearing yellow stars.’
      • ‘The chamber was now so tightly crammed with pallets that there was scarcely room to walk between them.’
      • ‘In every issue you folks manage to cram lots of good stuff onto those pages.’
      • ‘There was a lifetimes worth of knowledge, all crammed into a room's worth of books.’
      • ‘How did you cram so many nice things about me in that review?’
      • ‘Because they are crammed so tightly, the birds go crazy and peck at each other.’
      • ‘Developers are seeking to cram far too many dwellings on to the site.’
      • ‘Don't try to cram too many people around a small dining room table.’
      • ‘Over 300 people can be crammed tightly in the car whose capacity is only 200 people.’
      • ‘Hidden because she works at home on sewing machines crammed into a corner of her laundry.’
      • ‘All 20 of us were crammed into a cage, it really was a squeeze.’
      force, ram, thrust, plunge, push, pile, stick, jam, pack, compress, squeeze, wedge, press, tamp, pound, drive, hammer, bang
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    2. 1.2no object (of a number of people) enter a place that is too small to accommodate all of them.
      ‘they all crammed into the car’
      • ‘Normally, we have a big car, but it's in the shop, so we have to cram into our other small car.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed in the car about a hour later all talking excitedly.’
      • ‘Thousands more crammed into an adjacent room to listen via closed-circuit TV.’
      • ‘A crowd of 7,575 crammed into Gigg Lane for the game.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed into the insufficient accommodation as best they could.’
      • ‘I crammed unceremoniously into their car.’
      • ‘A crowd of over 400 crammed into the hall, leaving standing room only, to join the record numbers of award winners.’
      • ‘People crammed into cars with their household possessions and drove out of the city.’
      • ‘We crammed out the backseat of the crummy car, and took what little we had out of the trunk.’
      • ‘My friends had invited me on a drive so we all crammed in the car and set off.’
      • ‘The 5,000 strong crowd crammed into an airplane hanger in rural Ohio.’
      • ‘On the first night it was opened, twice that number of people crammed in.’
      • ‘Husband, wife and son crammed into the boot of his car.’
      • ‘Strictly speaking, the club's crowd limit was around 50, but at least double that number usually crammed in.’
      • ‘At Victoria Park, fans crammed into any space available.’
      • ‘Jazz fans crammed in to Westcliff's Cliffs Pavilion for the Echo's charity jazz night.’
      • ‘There were 4 people that just crammed into the small car.’
      • ‘Crowds will cram into Cathedral Square to be among the first in the world to witness the dawn of the 21st century.’
      • ‘So we all crammed into the car and headed to the Dells.’
      • ‘Numbers of backers crammed into schools and auditoriums.’
      crowd, crush, pack, jam, squash, wedge oneself, shove, push, jostle, throng, force one's way, thrust
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  • 2no object Study intensively over a short period of time just before an examination.

    ‘lectures were called off so students could cram for the semester finals’
    • ‘This will help me forgetting it, yet I know I will just be another student who crams.’
    • ‘Parents drive their children to cram up for examinations and woe forbid, if the child is a prodigy.’
    • ‘I was rushing to get to class-and trying to cram for my next period's geography quiz.’
    • ‘The camera followed this fish out of water rocker as he auditions for the marching band and crams for finals.’
    • ‘He'll get up at 5.30 the next morning for a final cram.’
    • ‘Unlike fanatical me, they were all planning on cramming for their finals.’
    • ‘Students really should get a good night's sleep after cramming for an exam.’
    • ‘I crammed for a week before taking Step 2 of the Boards.’
    • ‘I registered to take the February exam, paid $6 for the study booklet, and crammed for a week before the test.’
    • ‘How many times had they crammed for exams on the soft, overstuffed couch?’
    • ‘Unfortunately, after holidays comes the time to rush to finish projects, and then cram for exams.’
    • ‘The two college students cramming for finals at the next table certainly agreed.’
    • ‘When they weren't cramming for the upcoming tests they were practicing for the contest.’
    • ‘Justine remembered that Kylie had been cramming mightily for the test when they last spoke.’
    • ‘Sitara wandered over to the round tables, were several students crammed together, their heads bent and studying.’
    • ‘A familiar sight during the exam period; as drowsiness sets in, coffee helps a student stay awake and cram for those finals.’
    • ‘There are too many students who believe in cramming rather than studying.’
    • ‘It was their final year of university and all the students were beginning to cram for final examinations.’
    • ‘Even for a fast learner, though, four months is an awfully short time to cram.’
    • ‘Students cram for mid-term and final exams, and attend lectures for the rest of the semester.’
    study intensively, revise
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Origin

Old English crammian, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch krammen ‘to cramp or clamp’.

Pronunciation

cram

/kram/