Definition of county in English:

county

noun

  • 1A territorial division of some countries, forming the chief unit of local administration.

    ‘one of the most attractive towns in the county’
    as modifier ‘administration at county level’
    • ‘On Tuesday, hundreds of protesters drove trucks into the county administration building and injured a score of police troops on guard.’
    • ‘In this article, we refer to all county-level units as counties.’
    • ‘Residents have urged the county's traffic chiefs to fund separate safety measures in a bid to halt the mounting death toll.’
    • ‘That means in areas which still have county councils, either the county or the local district would have to go.’
    • ‘Local councils across the county have also signed up to the campaign.’
    • ‘Most county and local governments, including school districts, also offer some sort of supplementary compensation.’
    • ‘Most of the close contacts and people under observation were locals from the county.’
    • ‘The violent attack on the county chief is a serious challenge to state authority that should never be tolerated under any circumstance.’
    • ‘But he claimed highways chiefs from the county's local councils had been insistent that the 11 additional sites were needed now.’
    • ‘He outlined in particular, the importance of the local hospital for the county.’
    • ‘England is also a culture of many smaller regionalisms, still centered on the old governmental unit of the county and the local villages and towns.’
    • ‘When he asked the county administration for a copy, he was told the permit couldn't be found.’
    • ‘Residents will have the chance to express their views and concerns about local policing to the county's chief constable in a live webchat next week.’
    • ‘This moved away from the British idea of counties and parishes as the territorial units of local government.’
    • ‘But the county's fire chief said he thought the dispute was damaging and could be protracted.’
    • ‘Furthermore, they competed with local authorities from 31 counties for this prestigious award.’
    • ‘The majority live and work in every corner of the county - delivering local, not remote services.’
    • ‘He pointed out that in other counties the local GP carried out the inspections, which fast tracked the grant approval process.’
    • ‘The results in the local county assembly election district were more mixed.’
    • ‘All the local counties are organising activities so you cannot complain of boredom!’
    shire, province, territory, administrative unit, sector, department, state
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    1. 1.1British A sporting team playing for a county.
      ‘it is the county's third final in four years’
      • ‘The county's governing body is launching a veterans' league, mainly consisting of semi-professionals who are beyond their sell-by date.’
      • ‘West Yorkshire again took the county team title.’
      • ‘But who, if anyone, will become the first overseas player to score a century on his championship debut for the county?’
      • ‘He used to play hockey for a national league team and his county but nowadays he runs to keep fit.’
      • ‘Many, many more who couldn't get in and went and played for other counties.’
      • ‘He has a bat to give away to the first kid that can name the English county team he played for.’
      • ‘They have probably the best forward unit in the county and a strong midfield.’
      • ‘He struck 14 fours off 119 balls while his teammate's unbeaten 21 equalled his career-best score for the county.’
      • ‘The competition is being held at Rugby School and has attracted county teams from across the country.’
      • ‘I was brought up in Leicestershire and I used to play for the county team at Under 15 to Under 19 level.’
      • ‘He was the leading scorer for his county despite his team finishing last in the championships.’
      • ‘All three have come up through the county sides, the boys, the colts and the full county teams.’
      • ‘The India ‘A’ team was aware of the fact that it would not be pitted against the first eleven of the county teams.’
      • ‘It's vital for us as a team and as a county that we get to the final.’
      • ‘His introduction to Test cricket in 1993 saw him savaged by the Australians and he looked like another devastating county bowler not tough enough for England.’
    2. 1.2 (in the US) a political and administrative division of a state.
      • ‘He also was the only pro-life Democratic politician in the county.’
      • ‘The data were initially collected at the county level for all metropolitan counties in the United States.’
      • ‘Here was the role of parliament, building up and extending the active social and political life of the counties and towns.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the man and his family have retaliated against the county and its political system.’
      • ‘On the basis of his study of the political conflict in that county, the author argues that the civil war was in its beginning a revolt against high taxes.’
      • ‘Critics charged that the board favored certain counties with ties to the political party in power.’
      • ‘The county has a political structure that has pushed for integrated housing and public facilities.’
      • ‘That alone made it an alluring county for political consultants to work in.’
      • ‘It's a big deal here, in a county where politics means everything.’
      • ‘The sites can be used to highlight important issues being tackled in the community as well as basic information such as county division and political party.’
      • ‘He also asked for an assurance that I not am involved politically in espousing equal rights in the county.’
      • ‘His spending blazed a new path through the county's usual political circuit.’
      • ‘The political absorption of the county by London gathered pace in the 19th cent.’
      • ‘He said a state law required the county to give the major political parties their copies for free.’
      • ‘The supervisors may be able to exert political pressure, but have little other power over the county's transportation plans.’
      province, federal state, region, territory, canton, department, area, district, sector, zone
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    3. 1.3British as modifier Relating to or characteristic of aristocratic people with an ancestral home in a particular county.
      ‘a county grande dame’
      landowning, landed, upper-class, well born, high-born, noble-born, noble, aristocratic, patrician, titled, blue-blooded, born with a silver spoon in one's mouth
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Origin

Middle English: from Old French conte, from Latin comitatus, from comes, comit- (see count). The word seems first to have denoted a periodical meeting held to transact shire business.

Pronunciation

county

/ˈkaʊnti/