Definition of country disease in English:

country disease

noun

  • Any disease believed to be common or endemic in a particular country, especially a treponemal disease (specifically syphilis or yaws) or dysentery or other diarrhoeal disease (now historical); (in later use also) any disease more common in rural areas than in towns and cities (now rare).

Origin

Mid 16th century; earliest use found in William Bullein (c1515–1576), physician.