Definition of corruption in English:

corruption

noun

mass noun
  • 1Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery.

    ‘the journalist who wants to expose corruption in high places’
    • ‘Their businesses were often taken over or destroyed, and bribery and corruption were the norm in the courtroom and in lawmaking.’
    • ‘My stories have sent people to jail, sparked governmental reforms and exposed corruption and wrongdoing.’
    • ‘Out of the abyss came mafia mobs, large-scale bribery and corruption.’
    • ‘The charges include bribery, corruption, violation of the Constitution and betrayal of public trust.’
    • ‘This produces a perfect environment for corruption, bribery and insider-dealing.’
    • ‘They're charged with drug trafficking, attempted bribery and corruption.’
    • ‘Research at the World Bank, reported in the 1997 World Development Report, has shown that corruption has strong adverse effects on investment and economic growth.’
    • ‘These criminals live big off the bribery, corruption and inefficiency of the transport division.’
    • ‘He said he supported the role of the media in exposing corruption, dishonesty and malpractice in public life.’
    • ‘Recent years have witnessed an exponential growth of the twin evils of corruption and criminalization.’
    • ‘Other than that, the law has only had limited effect in monitoring corruption among government officials.’
    • ‘He claimed that the investigation had shown allegations of insider trading, bribery and corruption to be false.’
    • ‘They're a sad political legacy of decades of corruption and misrule.’
    • ‘The former finance minister, now the main figure for the opposition, says he was the victim of a plot to prevent him from reaching power and exposing corruption.’
    • ‘No, he concludes; there was no conspiracy, just grotesque incompetence coupled with a deeply immoral acceptance of corruption when it suits.’
    • ‘Legislative bribery and corruption were common.’
    • ‘Bordered by nine countries, its mineral wealth is brazenly plundered, made possible by an infernally weak state in which corruption, violence and lawlessness are rife.’
    • ‘The king promised to cut unemployment, improve the fight against crime and corruption, and fight tax evasion.’
    • ‘The business survey will assess the effects of corruption on investment and productivity.’
    • ‘The first looks at sustainable development and good governance and notes the corrosive effect of corruption.’
    dishonesty, dishonest dealings, unscrupulousness, deceit, deception, duplicity, double-dealing, fraud, fraudulence, misconduct, lawbreaking, crime, criminality, delinquency, wrongdoing, villainy
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    1. 1.1 The action or effect of making someone or something morally depraved.
      ‘the corruption of youth was a powerful motif’
      ‘the word ‘addict’ conjures up evil and corruption’
      • ‘Righting wrongs and fighting evil, corruption, wickedness and stupidity is just part time work.’
      • ‘It highlights corruption, evil and destruction in a pretty raw way.’
      • ‘The aura of poverty, corruption, and urban decay is overpowering.’
      • ‘He continued to talk animatedly about corruption and perversion for quite some time, before the pastor finally managed to steer the conversation away to firmer ground.’
      • ‘His actions are not occasioned by any corruption or depravity in him, but by an error in judgment, which, however, does arise from a defect of character.’
      • ‘The novel paints a more detailed picture and asks questions about its oppression, brutality and corruption to which only the revolution could provide answers.’
      • ‘‘In a climate of corruption and decay, the truth is an act of rebellion’.’
      • ‘It is no longer a secret that every communal atrocity, every instance of corruption and oppression, presupposes political protection and patronage.’
      • ‘He sinned, and his nature was thereby corrupted and depraved; and this corruption is conveyed to all his posterity.’
      • ‘She does not die as a victim, but having forgiven her executioners, she talks back at them and tries to show them their corruption, perversion and inhumanity.’
      • ‘With the possibility of such intense holiness available, nowhere else do we find something containing such potential for corruption and depravity.’
      • ‘In other words, no particular acts were necessary in order to establish depravity and corruption.’
      sin, sinfulness, ungodliness, unrighteousness, profanity, impiety, impurity
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  • 2The process by which a word or expression is changed from its original state to one regarded as erroneous or debased.

    ‘a record of a word's corruption’
    count noun ‘the term ‘hobgoblin’ is thought to be a corruption of ‘Robgoblin’’
    • ‘However, all phoneticians and linguists agree that the widely held view that many accents are corruptions of a pure pronunciation has no scientific basis whatsoever.’
    • ‘The numerous textual corruptions also contribute to this difficulty’ .’
    • ‘Johnson would have none of it: he scorned the lexicographer who deluded himself that he could ‘embalm his language, and secure it from corruption and decay’.’
    • ‘Barolini's love for language is evident throughout the book as well; much of the prose is concerned with ferreting out word origins, with word play, corruptions, and evolution.’
    • ‘They were necessary, he argued, in order to ‘shew the corruptions of the printed copies of either editions.’’
    • ‘Thus these ‘corruptions ‘while corruptions of text should only be considered a problem if they are corruptions of truth.’’
    • ‘But when poorly understood or practiced, the language of ‘hospitality’ also can tempt us to distortions and corruptions that generate sentimentality or cynicism.’
    • ‘The names for this plant in Trinidad and Dominica are corruptions of the French name for the Jerusalem artichoke.’
    • ‘I am disinterested in their games, parties, loves and hates - and frequently distressed by their corruptions of the language.’
    alteration, falsification, doctoring, manipulation, manipulating, fudging, adulteration, debasement, degradation, abuse, subversion, misrepresentation, misapplication
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    1. 2.1 The process by which a computer database or program becomes debased by alteration or the introduction of errors.
      ‘this procedure creates a temporary file to prevent accidental corruption’
      • ‘Small hiccups in network transport can cause file corruptions.’
      • ‘This can cause data corruption, particularly with databases.’
      • ‘Is there older technology in the network that would impede bringing information back online in case of data corruption or damage?’
      • ‘Usually, pixel corruption is often a leading indicator of bad memory on the graphics card.’
      • ‘Upon rebooting I was thrilled to receive no errors of any kind, but to my disappointment during the next boot I was greeted with the same corruption error as before.’
      • ‘Beyond hardware failures, disruptions to data access can also come from human errors, data corruption or natural disasters.’
      • ‘Access errors lead to data corruption, which causes a program to behave incorrectly or crash.’
      • ‘The write-only nature of CDs would also prevent any corruption on one from contaminating the other CDs.’
      • ‘With each failure, the risk of a serious loss mounts, should a disk crash or a database corruption occur.’
      • ‘Many times the effects of data corruption are delayed.’
      • ‘With an organized history of tape archives, data can be protected from corruption by viruses or operating system problems that can lead to lost data.’
      • ‘It will not only protect users against viruses and software corruption, but also secures content delivery and downloads.’
      • ‘This greatly speeds the snapshot process since, during this time, there can be no access to data to achieve consistency and prevent data corruption.’
      • ‘Fortunately, when the drive fails due to firmware corruption, the data is usually fully recoverable once the drive has been repaired.’
      • ‘Whenever an error occurs in such a process, data corruption is usually the result.’
      • ‘This is especially important for databases, to prevent making any corruption or data loss worse than it already might be.’
      • ‘If you have virus scanning software, this is the one time I'd recommend turning it off - I've experienced file corruptions and crashes as the virus scanning software checks the files I'm burning.’
      • ‘Using a host-based file system may expose you to viruses, file corruption, and accidental or malicious file deletion.’
      • ‘The tool enables the user to choose which records to display and includes safety mechanisms to prevent accidental data corruption.’
      • ‘Though both improve the backup process, neither protects against data corruption in the short term and still requires tape backup.’
  • 3archaic The process of decay; putrefaction.

    ‘the potato turned black and rotten with corruption’
    • ‘I became acquainted with the science of anatomy: but this was not sufficient; I must also observe the natural decay and corruption of the human body.’
    decay, degradation, degeneration, breakdown, decomposition, rot, putrefaction, spoliation, perishing
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Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin corruptio(n-), from corrumpere ‘mar, bribe, destroy’ (see corrupt).

Pronunciation

corruption

/kəˈrʌpʃ(ə)n/