One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1mass noun A soft limestone of broken shells, used in road-making in the Caribbean and Florida.
- ‘Water seeping through the coquina walls evidently provides adequate moisture and nutrients for these mosses and vascular plants.’
- ‘Norman's trademarks - fast fairways, tight lies around the greens, no rough, transition areas of coquina shells, and sod-wall bunkers - are all on display.’
- ‘Camacho recognized two thick layers of coquina, containing silicified fossils, at the base and at the top of the section.’
- ‘Four intensive collecting trips conducted in 2003-04 yielded 153 species of plants in 129 genera of 61 families, including 56 species growing on the coquina walls of the fortress.’
- ‘Constructed of coquina, a fossilized coral rock (also known as ‘black teeth’ or ‘iron shore’) and limestone, the cathedral dominates the city's Plaza de Catedral.’
- ‘The limestone changes from conchiferous sandstones to consolidated coquina limestone.’
- ‘A seawall comprising coquina faced with granite to the high water mark protected the eastern fort walls from the tides of Matanzas Bay.’
- ‘Mortar for the coquina blocks was made of lime from burnt oyster shells, mixed with sand and water.’
- ‘The best Doral course for hammer-down ball-chasing turned out to be the Great White, where the fairways are flanked by vast waste areas filled with crushed and compacted coquina shells - an ideal surface for Le Mans-style oversteering.’
- ‘Blocks of coquina were quarried for the Castillo from pits in present-day Anastasia State Recreation Area and then ferried by barge across Matanzas Bay to St. Augustine.’
- ‘The fairways are lined with pine straw, stacked sod wall bunkers and coquina sand waste bunkers.’
- ‘Lothagam is a more restricted area and its strata are older-late Miocene to early Pliocene, overlain unconformably by Quaternary sands, gravels, and coquinas.’
- ‘Merriam also noted that bioclastic beds occurred in the Susan Duster Limestone Member, and that the shell fragments were so numerous as to constitute a coquina.’
2A small bivalve mollusc with a wedge-shaped shell which has a wide variety of colours and patterns.
- ‘I walked the tide line to find the morning's washed-up gifts; stepped carefully between jellyfish the size of dinner plates; dug for escaping mole crabs and wiggling coquinas in hand-made tidal pools.’
- ‘But one of the most familiar inhabitants that stays up near the action is a small clam known on Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico beaches as the coquina and on the Pacific coast as the bean, or wedge, clam.’
- ‘Razor Clams, coquina, and other shellfish we no longer use today, were dug at the tide line.’
- ‘Bullen and Sleight analyzed the shellfish content of Green Mound and reported that it was comprised of shells of oyster, clam, coquina and other species of shellfish.’
- ‘The angled brooms that first come in contact with the coquina shells loosen them and then the second set of brooms, which aren't angled, provides the finishing touches to a smooth and well-maintained waste bunker.’
- ‘In its place are acres of crushed coquina - shell waste areas, tall sandy moguls and stretches of pine straw beneath scattered pines.’
- ‘Florida coquina clams normally are not exploited as a food resource by humans today; however, archaeological sites in northeastern Florida attest to the fact that preColumbian people consumed vast quantities of coquina clams.’
Mid 19th century: from Spanish, literally ‘cockle’, based on Latin concha (see conch).
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