Definition of copy in English:

copy

noun

  • 1A thing made to be similar or identical to another.

    ‘the problem is telling which is the original document and which the copy’
    • ‘Did the files he was looking at contain multiple identical copies of each document?’
    • ‘And to make the leap from life to death less abrupt, the inhabitants have constructed an identical copy of their city, underground.’
    • ‘Why would Berger remove five identical copies of the same report, shred three of them with a pair of scissors, and return the other two to the archives?’
    • ‘For instance, reproductive cloning that produces many identical copies could make conventional police work much harder to do.’
    • ‘The first thing to note is that it is apparent that the copy is an identical copy inasmuch as there is the same blank on the original.’
    • ‘The church dates back to the medieval period, but the Lantern Tower was replaced with an identical copy in 1837.’
    • ‘Wee Nit (the adorable) is an identical copy of her twin sister, Ying.’
    • ‘Someone had stolen ALL our furniture and left identical copies in the same spots.’
    • ‘It is now hoped that the horse-cloning technique can be used to produce identical copies of champion jumpers and show horses.’
    • ‘There is one bookcase in the room, its shelves filled with identical copies of the dictionary.’
    • ‘In the new host the necessary acids are floating around and they quickly join up with their complement acid, forming an identical copy.’
    • ‘The only way another person could enjoy that particular painting was if an identical copy was made.’
    • ‘The industrial building, next to the villa, at first seemed to be an identical copy of the main villa.’
    • ‘The monumental tomb was an identical copy of the tomb of Lenin, which can still be seen in Moscow.’
    • ‘The control room was an identical copy - to the eighth of an inch - of the Sound Factory.’
    • ‘Obviously, these are copies, fakes, pirate booty.’
    • ‘Thus, Jaffe commissioned an identical copy from Marco that was precisely one-half the size.’
    • ‘Uncertain which of the three sons to give it to, he had two identical copies made, so that he could give a ring to each son.’
    • ‘That sum is how much it would cost to create an identical copy of the parliament from scratch should the controversial original be obliterated in a disaster.’
    • ‘And how, if at all, did you indicate that this was a copy or an identical copy, how do you know that?’
    duplicate, duplication, reprint, facsimile, photocopy, carbon copy, carbon, mimeograph, mimeo
    replica, reproduction, replication, print, imitation, likeness, lookalike, representation, mock-up, dummy
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  • 2A single specimen of a particular book, record, or other publication or issue.

    ‘the record has sold more than a million copies’
    • ‘Again, the public's response was overwhelmingly positive; the single sold eight million copies.’
    • ‘The book has sold more than 6.5 million copies since its publication last year, breaking sales records for a novel in its first 12 months, and is set to be made into a film.’
    • ‘And Guildford Library in Surrey claims it will be the only library in the country that will issue copies of the new book to fans at midnight.’
    • ‘These things sell like hot cakes, millions of copies per issue, which is amazing since very few people will ever admit to reading one.’
    • ‘Their headquarters in Brooklyn, New York, produces millions of copies of books which expose the errors of evolution and give evidence for creation.’
    • ‘Orders for the signed, numbered and limited edition copies of this new book go on sale December 26!’
    • ‘It is adapted from the first in the series of books by CS Lewis, which have sold millions of copies since their initial publication, 50 years ago.’
    • ‘Before, during and after World War II, honor systems were used to sell single copies of newspapers.’
    • ‘A number of newspapers and a broadcast network have asked to purchase extra copies of the special issue.’
    • ‘The prices for single copies and subscriptions were relatively high, but the elite audience was able to pay the price.’
    • ‘They will also see regional authors reading from their latest publication and signing copies of their books.’
    • ‘Under section 9 of the Copyright Act of 1994, the copyright owner has the right to issue to the public copies of sound recordings and films.’
    • ‘It sold over 20 million copies in book form and sparked three sequels at the cinema.’
    • ‘Worldwide, 13 million copies of the book had rolled off the presses in a massive print run.’
    • ‘Outside, the Bookmobile will be downloading, printing, binding, and giving away for free copies of public domain books.’
    • ‘In a way it isn't the authenticity of the work that counts, I don't think you can just issue 20 copies of limited editions of your film to people.’
    • ‘And on the verge of conquering radio and selling nearly a million copies of that record, they kept their promise.’
    • ‘The Daily Mail, a revolutionary departure from the leaden format of its contemporaries, sold a record breaking 300,000 copies of its first issue.’
    • ‘The Enquirer sold a record 6.5 million copies of the issue containing that shot.’
    • ‘He had managed to ask the librarian to sell him cheap copies of the record books, and was headed towards the ship, books in hand and Laya at his side.’
    edition, version, impression, imprint, issue
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  • 3mass noun Matter to be printed.

    ‘copy for the next issue must be submitted by the beginning of the month’
    • ‘The press always like that kind of thing as it gives them lots of cheap reprint copy, or photo montages.’
    • ‘Writing stories, reading local news sources, and editing or filing copy were the most important aspects of news-gathering and news-processing.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, I suspect that your reporter awoke from his dream after his copy had been printed?’
    • ‘Are you not just an aggrieved journalist whose copy has been sub-edited?’
    • ‘At times, in all the last editing, all I wanted to do was bundle up every scrap of copy, every note I'd taken and carry it home, keep it safe with me.’
    • ‘Whether you're a reporter trying to beat a deadline or an editor grappling with late copy, the simplest solution may be one that seems the toughest.’
    • ‘He does all that in ways that do not fit into the traditional pattern of a reporter filing copy to an editor, who then approves and publishes.’
    • ‘Moreover, editors may directly alter or influence copy in ways not observable by examining only the stories.’
    • ‘The newsroom typically handles both kinds of copy.’
    • ‘As assistant managing editor for copy at the St. Petersburg Times, she sits in on news meetings.’
    • ‘It's not something editors talk about much, the ability to elevate subjects that strike a personal chord into copy for page 1.’
    • ‘Editorial insertions of stereotypes and fabrications into a Times reporter's copy extended at least into the 1980s.’
    • ‘We're the people who catch errors, clean up copy, answer questions, massage egos, and punctuate sentences.’
    • ‘It's bad writing and it takes up a full page in the print copy.’
    • ‘Many editors are editing print copy for print-plus web sites (loosely called shovelware).’
    • ‘Then we'll edit each other's copy and make the changes side by side at the computer.’
    • ‘In addition, they added an eighth measure: the square inches of copy divided by the number of reporters listed with bylines.’
    • ‘In April of this year, 10 comics created nearly 200 pages of copy that was printed, bound, and ready for sale the next day.’
    • ‘However, this will allow you to maximise your print solution with less copy and more white space for a cleaner more effective advertisement.’
    • ‘Editors, meanwhile, began routinely winking at copy containing unfounded speculation, rumor, and unchecked facts.’
    1. 3.1 Material for a newspaper or magazine article.
      ‘it is an unfortunate truth of today's media that bad news makes good copy’
      • ‘Although it made great copy for the newspapers, it suggested the Rocket was in bad-tempered mode - and some felt he might be about to self-destruct.’
      • ‘Try to avoid redundant copy in the headline, sub-head, cutline, and lead.’
      • ‘Newspaper editors happily confirm that Churchill stories make great copy, especially since in the UK one cannot sue for libel on behalf of the dead.’
      • ‘We hear that a group of freelance journalists in the US are suing a leading national newspaper for posting their copy on its Web site without permission.’
      • ‘Other newspapers ran equally dramatic copy, using military metaphors to show the growing rift between doctors and the health secretary.’
      • ‘Some journalists are fond of staging rescue operations that make great copy for newspapers.’
      • ‘Mr Jones submits that it was right to look first at the criminal conduct of the investigatory journalists who spent money freely to provide copy for their newspaper.’
      • ‘He has been supplying newspaper men with good copy for generations.’
      • ‘Unfortunately she started writing copy for women's magazines which was beyond parody.’
      • ‘We use allusions to popular songs in headlines and in copy and we tend not to get accused of violating copyright.’
      • ‘You will also have to write copy (basically articles) that communicates when being spoken.’
      • ‘How many times should you use your primary keyword in your web copy and your article submissions?’
      • ‘If you see a bit of lazy newspaper copy promoting our former favourite as some kind of internet sensation, you know where it came from.’
    2. 3.2 The text of an advertisement.
      ‘‘No more stubble—no more trouble,’ trumpeted their ad copy’
      • ‘What can be done to make e-poetry better, less like advertising copy?’
      • ‘But sheerly as an exercise in English composition, Kay's statement is as flimsy as advertising copy.’
      • ‘The pioneers of persuasive advertising copy, however, were usually medicine makers.’
      • ‘During the 1920s, advertising copy and style names for all types of rings for men cast these items in a particularly manly light.’
      • ‘What we're witnessing now is a return to the days of 70s and 80s advertising copy.’
      • ‘They make for great advertising copy, and in that category I include the purple prose that we motoring journalists write about them.’
      • ‘The way he tells it, the 23% of Australian children who are overweight or obese are passive victims of advertising copy.’
      • ‘The advertising copy for Star Trek: Deep Space Nine uses the Dolby Digital 5.1 remix as a selling point.’
      • ‘This is perhaps the most fraudulent use of advertising copy on a jacket of a DVD to date.’
      • ‘Is killer online advertising simply shining copy and brilliant images?’
      • ‘After graduating, Grant dabbled briefly in advertising, writing copy for Brylcreem and Red Stripe beer, but plugged away at an acting career in regional theatre.’
      • ‘We spent a year back in Perth where I wrote copy for advertising features at The West Australian.’
      • ‘Not bad for a guy who had been slogging through advertising copy before chucking it all to chase his dream.’
      • ‘Anyway, it took about a day or so for my advertising copy to be approved, but it's now all ready to go.’
      • ‘Advertising copy shall be dignified, strictly truthful and representative of the art of music and its responsibility to the community.’
      • ‘Minda had already proven to be a skilled writer of political advertising copy.’
      • ‘Unlike the books of so many other writers, which might as well be advertising copy, Smith's work at many, many levels.’
      • ‘Tailor the landing page text and use ad copy in the heading.’
      • ‘They probably thought making good money writing advertising copy was about as good as the writing life gets.’
      • ‘At this point, executives will be ready to begin writing advertising copy for the product.’
  • 4Irish South Asian A blank booklet or notebook used for schoolwork.

    ‘examinees will not be allowed to take pens, copies, or water bottles inside the test centre’
    ‘you need a stock of exercise copies, A4 refill pads, and maths copies’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Make a similar or identical version of; reproduce.

    ‘each form had to be copied and sent to a different department’
    • ‘Users can copy video only from a PC, not directly from a television or DVD player.’
    • ‘This was the version actually copied by Qualtex.’
    • ‘A third policeman - the one that had been sent to copy the tape - spoke up.’
    • ‘‘Once the tapes have been copied, my solicitor will send them to top people in racing,’ he said.’
    • ‘The tapes cannot be copied for commercial gain, he said.’
    • ‘In particular, I really hated having to copy final versions out ‘in best’.’
    • ‘The footage was accidentally erased a few days later after Garda technicians attempted to copy it onto video format, he said.’
    • ‘Every time I switch on the TV, I see someone copying a video I did, sometimes frame by frame.’
    • ‘We package this together on the DVD side and we are copying the edited version on the original VHS.’
    • ‘The tales were known long before the extant ballad versions began to be copied or printed in the mid-fifteenth century.’
    • ‘During Champlain's short-lived career as a teacher, her pupils learned to paint by copying her own versions of floral wreaths, Fancy, and Cupid.’
    • ‘As soon as is possible for me I will copy them and send them to you.’
    • ‘Zhan Wang fashioned a reproduction of the meteorite, cast it in iron, then copied the iron version by pounding stainless steel sheets onto its surface.’
    • ‘After copying the tape, she gets her friend, Noah, involved.’
    • ‘This master tape is then copied and packed into special envelopes which are posted the following morning.’
    • ‘Twenty-one percent had actually copied the newsletter and sent it to beef cattle producers in their county.’
    • ‘They are sponsoring legislation that will make it a felony ‘to use or attempt to use’ a video recording device to copy a film in a movie theater.’
    • ‘There is nothing better than watching us trying to reproduce and copy big money US network TV type shows.’
    • ‘No, copying the tape and passing it around isn't really what happens in the sequels.’
    • ‘I'm sure the tape will be extensively copied and distributed throughout the Norwegian police force - for training purposes, of course.’
    duplicate, photocopy, xerox, photostat, mimeograph, make a photocopy of, take a photocopy of, run off
    reproduce, replicate
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    1. 1.1Computing Reproduce (data stored in one location) in another location.
      ‘the command will copy a file from one disc to another’
      • ‘The final command copies the default configuration file to your home directory.’
      • ‘A quick example: suppose I've got some software that needs to copy a file from one computer to another.’
      • ‘Once the ‘enhancement’ is accepted, an executable file named download.exe is copied to the system and executed automatically.’
      • ‘Remember that any time a file is viewable, the file can be copied, e-mailed and otherwise compromised.’
      • ‘You'll have to accept the terms to continue at which point it will appear to be installing, but in actual fact the files are just being copied to the location you specified.’
    2. 1.2 Write out information that one has read or heard.
      ‘he copied the details into his notebook’
      ‘I began to copy out the addresses’
      • ‘They learn to copy a formula written on a blackboard.’
      • ‘Not what I wanted to hear after copying the names of about one crore hundred people.’
      • ‘But you know what you could do is go to the site, copy the mathematical information and then just cut a piece of wood in the same shape!’
      • ‘‘Excellent,’ Mr. Lively praised, too copying the information onto the board.’
      • ‘Ali rolled her eyes, imagining being ordered to read and copy chapters about having proper posture.’
      • ‘I'll write the curriculum onto the blackboard - of course in French - and it would be advisable if you copy the information.’
      • ‘After I wrote it, I copied it onto another piece of paper really quick so I could write it down in my diary.’
      • ‘You'd copy out the relevant information and present it for the teacher.’
      • ‘Even those monks who spent their days copying manuscripts could barely read or understand them.’
      • ‘She sits down and instructs the students to begin to copy the notes written on the overhead.’
      • ‘They checked our week-old paperwork from a previous inspection in Los Roques and decided just copying the information was sufficient.’
      • ‘They had asked me to climb on and read the information so they could copy it down.’
      • ‘She gave it a rest & bent down to copy important information on genes.’
      • ‘If his written submissions were written for or copied by him, it is unlikely that orally he could improve on them.’
      • ‘Morse did not allow the students to copy information directly into their reports from the sources they had studied.’
      • ‘I read over and copy them, trying not to miss a few words.’
      • ‘The discovery of two inkwells and a plastered table and bench strongly suggested that one of the rooms was a scriptorium, a room set apart for writing or copying manuscripts.’
      • ‘The other pilot would be responsible for maintaining an instrument scan and copying information from the crewman.’
      • ‘It's as if he read the title, copied one of the figures, and didn't pay any attention at all to the conclusions of the paper, which contradict what he claims.’
      • ‘My sister's a Special Ed teacher, so she had one of her students copy a letter I wrote.’
    3. 1.3copy something to Send a copy of a letter or an email to (a third party)
      ‘I thought I'd copy to you this letter sent to the PR representative’
      • ‘She has also condemned the change and has written to county transport bosses - copying the letter to GNER - expressing her concern.’
      • ‘Please copy your letters to editor@medialens.org.’
      • ‘Because this letter is copied to Mr Markus, it says, ‘Dear Sir’.’
      • ‘I wrote to the management of the cinema expressing profound concern and copied my letter to the editors of the three local newspapers.’
      • ‘I am copying this letter to those to whom you sent your letter of 1 March.’
      • ‘I assume that you are quoting Derek accurately and I am copying this letter to him.’
      • ‘And I'm going to copy the letter to the local trading standards office and to the Consumers Association.’
      • ‘Mr Beresford copied this letter to the appellant on 12 August.’
      • ‘If it is not doing so, then you should seek an urgent meeting with the head teacher, and, if he or she does not remedy the situation, write to the governing body, copying your letter to the chief education officer in your education authority.’
      • ‘The letter was not copied to WGI but it was not necessary to do so.’
      • ‘Many organisations and individuals in the NHS are either already copying letters to patients, or keen to do so.’
      • ‘Under the new system, even if a victim has a solicitor, PIAB will deal only with the victim, though it will copy letters to the solicitor if requested.’
      • ‘The email server then copies the email to several different addresses including my personal Hotmail account.’
      • ‘You will note that I have copied this letter to Alway Associates.’
      • ‘You can tell that by the way they began the e-mail with ‘Dear Writer’, and copied it to 49 other people.’
      • ‘She copied the letter to the code of practice authority, where it was treated as a complaint.’
      • ‘Failure to do so will result in my copying this letter to the Home Office Enforcement Section so that they may take necessary action against you to compel you to leave the United Kingdom.’
    4. 1.4copy someone in Send someone a copy of an email that is addressed to a third party.
      ‘I attached the document and copied him in so he'd know it had been sent’
  • 2Imitate the style or behaviour of.

    ‘lifestyles that were copied from Miami and Fifth Avenue’
    no object ‘art students copied from approved old masters’
    • ‘It seems likely that one sculpture is copied from the other, or that both were copied from an ‘original’ flogging sculpture.’
    • ‘They were just behaviours, ideas and stories that were copied from one person to another in the long history of human attempts to understand the world.’
    • ‘Behaviors and ideas copied from person to person by imitation - memes - may have forced human genes to make us what we are today.’
    • ‘This sort of enamel work on a faceted metal body was copied from the enamelled European watches.’
    • ‘He said there ‘may or may not’ be any scientific basis for the tests, which he said had been copied from the US without analysis of their efficacy.’
    • ‘At least another stylist cops to copying 2001: A Space Odyssey.’
    • ‘The design, which was copied from a Yorkshire Evening Press photograph and was made up of 1,500 carpet bedding plants, had to be completed in time for the Festival.’
    • ‘Skip James' eerie, dark and complex tunings and netherworldly falsetto have never been equaled nor adequately copied in 74 years.’
    • ‘Actually, we copied and improved English copyright law.’
    • ‘I like when people have original styles that aren't copied from anyone else.’
    • ‘It is copied from Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.’
    • ‘The ornate drawing room ceiling at now-disused Whinburn School is copied from a design at 17th-century East Riddlesden Hall, it has been revealed.’
    • ‘The design was copied from an English home and was built in stone imported from Bath.’
    • ‘Everything that was new and modern came from the US or was copied from the US and it continued that way up until The Beatles.’
    • ‘No, of course they won't be copied from traditional moko, they will reflect my own ancestry, the signs and symbols of a Scottish clan.’
    • ‘Liam isn't copied from any individual but his fictional life and the dilemmas he confronts are informed by what we found.’
    • ‘A row has blown up over suggestions that a high-profile attempt to rebrand a Yorkshire city was simply copied from a similar campaign thousands of miles away.’
    • ‘The style of the show is obviously copied from the CBS program 60 Minutes.’
    • ‘All the tunes and dances of many of the movies are copied from the folk art forms - songs and dances of this region with which the children are well versed.’
    • ‘Techniques were copied from America - for example, by the French Baron Mackau, who plastered Paris with a reputed two million posters for an election in 1889.’
    imitate, mimic, ape, emulate, follow, echo, mirror, simulate, parrot, reproduce
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  • 3no object Hear or understand someone speaking on a radio transmitter.

    ‘this is Edwards, do you copy, over’
    • ‘You copy, Minnie.’

Origin

Middle English (denoting a transcript or copy of a document): from Old French copie (noun), copier (verb), from Latin copia ‘abundance’ (in medieval Latin ‘transcript’, from such phrases as copiam describendi facere ‘give permission to transcribe’).

Pronunciation

copy

/ˈkɒpi/