Definition of conviction in English:



  • 1A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.

    ‘she had a previous conviction for a similar offence’
    • ‘This raises a clear implication that the defendant has no previous convictions.’
    • ‘At an early stage the jury were told of the appellant's previous convictions.’
    • ‘They were aware of his previous convictions and he was cross-examined accordingly.’
    • ‘A conviction for that offence could not in any sense have been less than clear in its meaning.’
    • ‘Three of those arrested have previous convictions for armed robbery and murder.’
    • ‘One of her teachers was found guilty of negligent homicide in a French court but his conviction was later overturned.’
    • ‘Of course just because he has a previous conviction does not mean he is guilty of this offence now.’
    • ‘The defendant has nine previous convictions including two sexual offences.’
    • ‘He pleaded not guilty, but his conviction was confirmed on appeal in February the following year.’
    • ‘The breathalyzer readings resulted in the appellant's conviction before the trial court.’
    • ‘What is sought now to be done is to ask the court to overturn a conviction because he made a decision not to call evidence.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, this was certainly the common law rule with regard to criminal convictions.’
    • ‘I am therefore of the view that it is not appropriate to substitute a verdict of acquittal for the conviction.’
    • ‘The anaesthetist in the above case was found guilty and his conviction was upheld in the House of Lords.’
    • ‘It is submitted that a criminal conviction would have a serious adverse effect on a promising career.’
    • ‘Accordingly, the Court of Criminal Appeal quashed the conviction and ordered a new trial.’
    • ‘They might as well just read the charge and the previous convictions and send the jury out to convict.’
    • ‘The Court of Criminal Appeal quashed the conviction for murder and substituted one of manslaughter.’
    • ‘The court heard she had previous convictions for possessing cannabis, criminal damage and theft.’
    • ‘The fact that a claimant has convictions for offences of dishonesty does not mean that a jury must disbelieve him.’
    declaration of guilt, pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement
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  • 2A firmly held belief or opinion.

    ‘she takes pride in stating her political convictions’
    [with clause] ‘his conviction that the death was no accident was stronger’
    • ‘Perhaps, your belief is something that is an inexplicable conviction in which you trust.’
    • ‘Yet those convictions are now shared by a higher proportion of the population than he realises.’
    • ‘Hardly anyone speaks any more of sound convictions or of conscious political action.’
    • ‘And nothing the Labour dominated select committee might decide will alter that conviction.’
    • ‘But not, they stress throughout the interview, out of a deep political conviction.’
    • ‘This remarkable gathering, I believe, is a proof that this conviction is correct.’
    • ‘They will remain hostile to any political party that seems to disdain their convictions.’
    • ‘I think, however, that if there were such a group it would not make that conviction public.’
    • ‘I think it's more difficult to identify how particular convictions and views emerged.’
    • ‘Accordingly, if we did retain conviction, our belief would no longer amount to knowledge.’
    • ‘The very fact that a politician has strong convictions does not preclude him from being pragmatic.’
    • ‘This afternoon I have tried to set before you some of my most deeply held convictions and beliefs.’
    • ‘Within his belief system he cannot budge from or question these convictions.’
    • ‘We all have strong thoughts and convictions of ideas and events that surround us.’
    • ‘They are also a band who have not been afraid to wear their political convictions on their sleeves.’
    • ‘There is no reason why a BBC journalist should not have political convictions.’
    • ‘And yet how can I turn away from my faith in God, my political convictions, my gender?’
    • ‘How do these personal characteristics affect his political convictions and actions?’
    • ‘It comes from a perfectly rational conviction that great powers never act out of pure altruism.’
    • ‘According to the relativist, belief and conviction fly out of the window because truth is, as it were, too cheap to care about.’
    belief, opinion, view, thought, persuasion, idea, position, stance
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    1. 2.1[mass noun]The quality of showing that one is firmly convinced of what one believes or says.
      ‘she had been speaking for some five minutes with force and conviction’
      • ‘All sides are motivated by fear and marked by a lack of conviction.’
      • ‘Kathy said but there was a lack of conviction in her voice now and I smiled inwardly.’
      • ‘Yet it goes to the credit of the author that she has tried to vindicate him with rare conviction and commitment.’
      • ‘Or is it that people with vision and ideas lack the conviction to put them forward and risk sounding stupid?’
      • ‘There was at least conviction and a certain musicality about Kennedy's speeches.’
      • ‘The boy's voice lacked much conviction but worse than that he sounded as if he were about to cry.’
      • ‘If you agree with me, then stand up with conviction for what we believe in and fight for it.’
      • ‘Being a champion of governance reform, the President should move with resolve and conviction.’
      • ‘Australia must be met with the full force of England's conviction, and only victory in the coming weeks will provide that.’
      • ‘You can then get away with the lie by telling it with enough conviction and plausibility that your audience believes you.’
      • ‘Pearson was an enterprising individual and demonstrated great conviction in his way-out proposal.’
      • ‘Her steadfast delivery favours conviction over decoration and never overstates the point.’
      • ‘The answer is given with so much conviction that you have to believe him or at least believe that he believes it.’
      • ‘In due course the degree of conviction required of the believer became the subject of theological debate.’
      • ‘The song has the conviction to touch each Indian; the belief to give voice to the children of India.’
      • ‘He had his own line of thinking and would defend his views with a resolute sincerity and great conviction.’
      • ‘Marks are awarded for conviction and enthusiasm, rather than skill.’
      • ‘But this side showed great resolve and conviction and by the interval had drawn level.’
      • ‘It was something she could immerse herself in with conviction, sincerity and total commitment.’
      • ‘It is quite a regular story of friends and campus but it's told with a certain amount of conviction.’
      certainty, certitude, assurance, confidence, sureness, positiveness
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Late Middle English: from Latin convictio(n-), from the verb convincere (see convince).