Definition of conviction in English:

conviction

noun

  • 1A formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.

    ‘she had a previous conviction for a similar offence’
    • ‘Accordingly, the Court of Criminal Appeal quashed the conviction and ordered a new trial.’
    • ‘Three of those arrested have previous convictions for armed robbery and murder.’
    • ‘They might as well just read the charge and the previous convictions and send the jury out to convict.’
    • ‘I am therefore of the view that it is not appropriate to substitute a verdict of acquittal for the conviction.’
    • ‘The court heard she had previous convictions for possessing cannabis, criminal damage and theft.’
    • ‘A conviction for that offence could not in any sense have been less than clear in its meaning.’
    • ‘This raises a clear implication that the defendant has no previous convictions.’
    • ‘The Court of Criminal Appeal quashed the conviction for murder and substituted one of manslaughter.’
    • ‘The fact that a claimant has convictions for offences of dishonesty does not mean that a jury must disbelieve him.’
    • ‘They were aware of his previous convictions and he was cross-examined accordingly.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, this was certainly the common law rule with regard to criminal convictions.’
    • ‘He pleaded not guilty, but his conviction was confirmed on appeal in February the following year.’
    • ‘What is sought now to be done is to ask the court to overturn a conviction because he made a decision not to call evidence.’
    • ‘At an early stage the jury were told of the appellant's previous convictions.’
    • ‘The breathalyzer readings resulted in the appellant's conviction before the trial court.’
    • ‘The anaesthetist in the above case was found guilty and his conviction was upheld in the House of Lords.’
    • ‘The defendant has nine previous convictions including two sexual offences.’
    • ‘Of course just because he has a previous conviction does not mean he is guilty of this offence now.’
    • ‘It is submitted that a criminal conviction would have a serious adverse effect on a promising career.’
    • ‘One of her teachers was found guilty of negligent homicide in a French court but his conviction was later overturned.’
    declaration of guilt, pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement
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  • 2A firmly held belief or opinion.

    ‘she takes pride in stating her political convictions’
    with clause ‘his conviction that the death was no accident was stronger’
    • ‘It comes from a perfectly rational conviction that great powers never act out of pure altruism.’
    • ‘According to the relativist, belief and conviction fly out of the window because truth is, as it were, too cheap to care about.’
    • ‘This remarkable gathering, I believe, is a proof that this conviction is correct.’
    • ‘Hardly anyone speaks any more of sound convictions or of conscious political action.’
    • ‘The very fact that a politician has strong convictions does not preclude him from being pragmatic.’
    • ‘Within his belief system he cannot budge from or question these convictions.’
    • ‘How do these personal characteristics affect his political convictions and actions?’
    • ‘They will remain hostile to any political party that seems to disdain their convictions.’
    • ‘I think, however, that if there were such a group it would not make that conviction public.’
    • ‘Yet those convictions are now shared by a higher proportion of the population than he realises.’
    • ‘We all have strong thoughts and convictions of ideas and events that surround us.’
    • ‘But not, they stress throughout the interview, out of a deep political conviction.’
    • ‘And nothing the Labour dominated select committee might decide will alter that conviction.’
    • ‘This afternoon I have tried to set before you some of my most deeply held convictions and beliefs.’
    • ‘There is no reason why a BBC journalist should not have political convictions.’
    • ‘Accordingly, if we did retain conviction, our belief would no longer amount to knowledge.’
    • ‘Perhaps, your belief is something that is an inexplicable conviction in which you trust.’
    • ‘And yet how can I turn away from my faith in God, my political convictions, my gender?’
    • ‘I think it's more difficult to identify how particular convictions and views emerged.’
    • ‘They are also a band who have not been afraid to wear their political convictions on their sleeves.’
    belief, opinion, view, thought, persuasion, idea, position, stance
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    1. 2.1mass noun The quality of showing that one is firmly convinced of what one believes or says.
      ‘she had been speaking for some five minutes with force and conviction’
      • ‘Kathy said but there was a lack of conviction in her voice now and I smiled inwardly.’
      • ‘But this side showed great resolve and conviction and by the interval had drawn level.’
      • ‘If you agree with me, then stand up with conviction for what we believe in and fight for it.’
      • ‘The song has the conviction to touch each Indian; the belief to give voice to the children of India.’
      • ‘The boy's voice lacked much conviction but worse than that he sounded as if he were about to cry.’
      • ‘Pearson was an enterprising individual and demonstrated great conviction in his way-out proposal.’
      • ‘In due course the degree of conviction required of the believer became the subject of theological debate.’
      • ‘He had his own line of thinking and would defend his views with a resolute sincerity and great conviction.’
      • ‘Yet it goes to the credit of the author that she has tried to vindicate him with rare conviction and commitment.’
      • ‘Marks are awarded for conviction and enthusiasm, rather than skill.’
      • ‘Australia must be met with the full force of England's conviction, and only victory in the coming weeks will provide that.’
      • ‘It is quite a regular story of friends and campus but it's told with a certain amount of conviction.’
      • ‘There was at least conviction and a certain musicality about Kennedy's speeches.’
      • ‘You can then get away with the lie by telling it with enough conviction and plausibility that your audience believes you.’
      • ‘Being a champion of governance reform, the President should move with resolve and conviction.’
      • ‘It was something she could immerse herself in with conviction, sincerity and total commitment.’
      • ‘Or is it that people with vision and ideas lack the conviction to put them forward and risk sounding stupid?’
      • ‘All sides are motivated by fear and marked by a lack of conviction.’
      • ‘The answer is given with so much conviction that you have to believe him or at least believe that he believes it.’
      • ‘Her steadfast delivery favours conviction over decoration and never overstates the point.’
      certainty, certitude, assurance, confidence, sureness, positiveness
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Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin convictio(n-), from the verb convincere (see convince).

Pronunciation

conviction

/kənˈvɪkʃ(ə)n/