One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Stubborn refusal to obey or comply with authority, especially disobedience to a court order or summons.
stubbornness, inflexibility, intransigence, intractability, intractableness, obduracy, mulishness, pig-headedness, bull-headedness, wilfulness, self-will, strong-mindedness, contrariness, perversity, perverseness, uncooperativeness, recalcitrance, refractoriness, unmanageableness, stiffness, rigidity, steeliness, implacability, relentlessness, immovability, persistence, persistency, tenacity, tenaciousness, doggedness, pertinacity, pertinaciousness, single-mindedness, firmness, steadfastness, determinationView synonyms
- ‘Sometimes, indeed, he is outrageous, as when he suggests that the mere act of believing or accepting the Christian message is a manifestation of human pride, self-will, contumacy, and sin.’
- ‘These insults… his contumacy… this behavior was the last straw!’
- ‘That which hath been revealed unto thee from thy Lord is certain to increase the contumacy and disbelief of many of them, and We have cast among them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection.’
- ‘As is pointed out in the cases cited, there is no statutory definition of contumacy.’
Middle English: from Latin contumacia ‘inflexibility’, from contumax (see contumacious).
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