Definition of construction in English:

construction

noun

mass noun
  • 1The action of building something, typically a large structure.

    ‘there was a skyscraper under construction’
    • ‘The project will see the demolition of an existing house and the construction of a 144 bedroom hotel spread over a ground floor and 14 upper floors.’
    • ‘There was a factory building under construction, and this must be the chemical factory that triggered this incident.’
    • ‘A three-story government office building is under construction in the center of town.’
    • ‘The building, under construction for two and a half years, will be dedicated in February.’
    • ‘There are currently four major housing projects under construction in the area.’
    • ‘The construction of her own house back home in Belgium is her current obsession.’
    • ‘A number of new housing estates under construction at the moment, when completed, should enhance the town further, the report added.’
    • ‘Typically two guideway support columns were under construction at any one time.’
    • ‘The construction of a building involves thousands of details, performed at the hands of scores of individuals.’
    • ‘The announcement came as the mayor inspected the building site where two new buildings are currently under construction.’
    • ‘It is located near a nursing home on extensive grounds and there is a housing development under construction to the southern side.’
    • ‘So far the authorities are powerless to intervene because the building under construction conforms exactly to the plans approved by the local council.’
    • ‘The construction of the snake house, the otter enclosure and the panther enclosure has been half completed.’
    • ‘They used the shell of a new mosque which has been under construction alongside the old building.’
    • ‘Besides construction of classrooms and shelters, various Rotary Clubs have also contributed in several humanitarian programmes.’
    • ‘With two housing developments currently under construction in Bangor, the town has got a major face-lift in the last five years.’
    • ‘While new housing construction has declined sharply, an increase in building demolitions has also taken place.’
    • ‘There are currently six social housing schemes under construction in the county.’
    • ‘The construction of the wall fence, which is 75 percent complete, has now been delayed until the parties reach a compromise.’
    • ‘Another day, James hops a city bus and rides it to the end of the line, a field out in the country where new housing is under construction.’
    building, erection, putting up, setting up, raising, establishment, assembly, manufacture, fabrication, forming, fashioning, contriving, creation, making
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    1. 1.1 The industry of constructing buildings, roads, etc.
      ‘50,000 more jobs will go from construction’
      • ‘By chance, French companies are not last in the world in fields like public construction, roads, tourism, energy and food industry.’
      • ‘Other industries include agriculture, construction, mining, and manufacturing.’
      • ‘If he was going there to supervise the construction of the hotel, he should have been accompanied by experts in building construction and the hotel industry.’
      • ‘Many industries, such as construction, agriculture and mining have been almost entirely de-unionised.’
      • ‘Not many responders had a history of dusty work, such as experience in road and building construction and the cement industry.’
      • ‘The CFMEU represents workers in mining and construction, two industries where there is a greater risk than most that workers won't make it home at the end of the day.’
      • ‘Lumber and construction are secondary industries.’
      • ‘Most of them will go and work in building construction, brick making and roads.’
      • ‘Could it be the explosive growth in industries like construction, agriculture, poultry, and carpet-making?’
      • ‘Today, the main use of bitumen is in the road making industry for construction and maintenance.’
      • ‘Areas such as construction, woodwork and industrial manufacture may prove a problem.’
      • ‘There he worked in the building industry and work in construction was far more laborious than it is today.’
      • ‘Most strikes occurred in the retail sector, followed by the mining industry, metal and manufacturing, building and construction and transport.’
      building, erection, putting up, setting up, raising, establishment, assembly, manufacture, fabrication, forming, fashioning, contriving, creation, making
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    2. 1.2 The style or method used in the building of something.
      ‘the mill is of brick construction’
      • ‘Their style of construction varies, with examples of European, American, Russian and Japanese designs to be found.’
      • ‘A range of stringent health and safety considerations underpins the design and construction of the modern childcare facility.’
      • ‘But the fact remains that the sizes determined for the architecture of the room are compatible with brick construction, on a plausible modular dimension.’
      • ‘The sunroom's design and construction was a family affair.’
      • ‘The building is of drop log construction, a style adopted by Tim for its similarity with the pioneering architecture of the region.’
      • ‘Santa Barbara has a strict planning code that forces architects and developers to use a Spanish style of construction, and prohibits any building of more than two storeys.’
      • ‘Other features of the house, which is of timber frame construction with part brick finish, include double glazing and oil-fired central heating.’
      • ‘The fineness of every aspect of the Chettinadu style of construction, including the interiors of houses, was detailed in the portraits.’
      • ‘The building itself allows little space for amenity land for the children to play in, and the style of construction is totally out of character for the area.’
      • ‘Application of a water repellent does not negate proper brick construction and detailing procedures.’
      • ‘I hear about a lot of builders out there who are changing over from stick construction to modular building.’
      • ‘The deck and cabin structure are a sandwich construction utilizing plywood rather than balsa as a core material.’
      • ‘The two structures will be of a timber construction for the animals.’
      • ‘But beyond its prefab construction and green considerations, the Sunset Breezehouse is simply good design at work.’
      • ‘Some furniture is just butted up together and is nailed, I do not recommend that style of construction.’
      • ‘Most of the houses, with brick and tile construction, carved doors and painted windows, are built along canals.’
      pattern, form, shape, format, structure, configuration, frame, build, model, design, arrangement, organization, formation, figure, cast, kind, brand, make, line, type, cut, style
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    3. 1.3count noun A building or other structure.
      ‘the central waterway was a spectacular construction’
      • ‘York's Millennium Bridge was among the constructions to scoop a prize at the national Civic Trust Awards.’
      • ‘A stone construction with a wooden superstructure, the bridge houses 64 shops.’
      • ‘Behind the door is a three-dimensional construction, like a museum diorama.’
      • ‘Ones does not simply say that the addition of the second floor renders it a new building, a new construction.’
      • ‘The court was hearing a petition on removing shops and illegal constructions within the fort.’
      • ‘Older buildings still outnumber newer constructions unlike so many Thai towns and cities.’
      • ‘Shopping is a big past-time and the malls are lavish constructions with lifts, fountains and plenty of open coffee shops.’
      • ‘The group has been equally impressed by less spectacular constructions - bus shelters, flyovers, washing machines.’
      • ‘There are also companies that concentrate on internal stables - constructions for use within existing structures such as cow sheds.’
      • ‘Our present building is a modern construction with seven classrooms.’
      • ‘Does the building possess any feature not commonly seen in modern constructions?’
      • ‘The play castle is a wooden construction which contains a mock tower, drawbridge, slides and rope swings.’
      • ‘Again, we have Indigenous cultures who built impressive constructions laid out in a vast grid.’
      • ‘The simplest way of growing plants under glass is to use a cold frame, a modest construction of low walls topped with a wooden frame and glazed with glass or polythene.’
      • ‘The traders have been requested to remove unauthorised constructions on platforms.’
      • ‘Up to now most wooden bridges have been flat constructions with limited length and strength.’
      • ‘The building housing the immigration office is a concrete construction typical of the former East Germany.’
      • ‘On the low podium at the far end of the building is a similar construction which mirrors the simple rose window behind you.’
      • ‘The Celts and their predecessors had put up edifices such as stone circles, calms and assorted burial constructions near sacred wells.’
      • ‘The barn was a wooden construction with a corrugated iron roof and only a wide opening for a door.’
      structure, building, edifice, assembly, pile, framework
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  • 2The creation of an abstract entity.

    ‘language plays a large part in our construction of reality’
    • ‘However, in each case we see an intellectual predilection for stressing the active role of individuals in the social construction of social reality.’
    • ‘Let us now turn to the construction of institutional entities in virtual environments.’
    • ‘Since reality is our own construction, it should be our responsibility to know what we can do with it.’
    • ‘His study offers an analysis of the cultural constructions of gender and national identity during the war years.’
    • ‘This book should generate some lively ideas for creative work tying in with construction and invention, imagination and probability.’
    • ‘Yes, I understand that marriage is a social construction.’
    • ‘More recently, Men's Studies have explored the social construction of masculinities.’
    • ‘So you have the social construction of reality, and the expanding universe… looking like the same thing.’
    • ‘Men are also gendered beings, and are affected in negative ways through the social construction of masculinity.’
    • ‘Not to do so would contravene his will, viewed as a construction of his higher-order desires, even if the action turned out to be to his disadvantage.’
    • ‘It's all very big and heady - the world of abstract construction - but it's child's play, really.’
    • ‘It will help in the creative construction of concepts and practices that will deal with the present and future.’
    • ‘Parts of this paper will be informed by his view of the social construction of reality and its inherent dialectical character.’
    • ‘The novels he explores suggest that those groups who control power also dominate the presentation and construction of reality.’
    • ‘Cyberspace must thereby be understood as an intersubjective construction of cyborgian selves.’
    • ‘This interplay is what I take to be that phenomenon called the social construction of reality.’
    • ‘The view that the races are social constructions is often associated with the claim that Europeans invented the races.’
    • ‘The tacit acceptance of the fact that rape exists has to do with the social construction of masculinity.’
    • ‘We did a lot of creative construction back in the founding.’
    • ‘In the discourse of policy makers, European cinema is a part of the discursive construction of a European identity.’
    1. 2.1count noun An interpretation or explanation.
      ‘you could put an honest construction upon their conduct’
      • ‘And that would be a construction totally consistent with the second reading speech.’
      • ‘For a long time, I simply thought of philosophy as interesting constructions.’
      • ‘In my view, however, a narrow construction is inappropriate.’
      • ‘In favour of such a construction might be the view that the amendment is purely definitional and merely enlarges the operation of the Act in that way.’
      • ‘Data from a focus group yields a construction of sovereignty that is analysed discursively.’
      • ‘In this view of interpretation as construction, the text itself serves as the boundaries around possible meanings.’
      • ‘So I would argue that moralities be understood as constructions, which creates a space in which they can be interrogated.’
      • ‘He criticised this analysis as being based on a tortuous construction which is unnecessary and inappropriate.’
      • ‘The second section of analyses concerns judicial constructions of breach of trust.’
      • ‘It is these human religious constructions that have become unconvincing.’
      • ‘Thanks to him, definitions and constructions of civil rights have been on my mind lately.’
      • ‘If one looks at that history we say that a purposive construction gives rise to a different view to that which I understand is literally open.’
      • ‘There is, so far as I am aware, no authority on the true construction of this clause.’
      • ‘However, an analysis of early modern constructions of perception and the role of the passions, reveals something slightly different.’
      • ‘The reader will not expect to find in these pages any novel views, and novel constructions of the Constitution.’
      • ‘That, in my view, is an improper construction of the provision, and is is inconsistent with the broad statutory language.’
      interpretation, reading, meaning, explanation, inference, explication, construal, analysis, version, understanding, view, impression
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    2. 2.2Grammar The arrangement of words according to syntactical rules.
      ‘sentence construction’
      • ‘That tells us that the construction is an interrogative complement clause in each case.’
      • ‘Language experts can tell from sentence construction, phrase and idiom whether or not you think in the language of your speech or writing.’
      • ‘The only solution is that both are uses of the plain form in a subjunctive main clause construction.’
      • ‘The construction doesn't require a clause introduced by that - it can be a bare sentence’
      • ‘The quotation is an example of an English construction in which parallel modifiers are interpreted in a special way.’
      composition, formation, structure, organization
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Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin constructio(n-), from construere ‘heap together’ (see construct).

Pronunciation

construction

/kənˈstrʌkʃ(ə)n/