Definition of constitution in English:



  • 1A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.

    ‘Britain lacks a codified constitution’
    • ‘In any case, according to the constitution, he must formally reappoint the government following the presidential elections.’
    • ‘Nepal is now governed under a democratic constitution prepared by a commission over a period of three months.’
    • ‘The fifteen member states bring to the Union their distinctive national histories, state traditions, constitutions, legal principles, political systems, and economic capacity.’
    • ‘But it also says that no law may contradict democratic principles and that the constitution accepts all human rights conventions.’
    • ‘Even from the standpoint of elementary bourgeois democratic principles, the constitution is a travesty.’
    • ‘Under the present constitution, a government is protected from removal for its first 18 months.’
    • ‘All that the Government can think of is to hang on to power - never mind about the constitution, democratic principle, or what is right.’
    • ‘This is not to say that the only necessities for economic development are constitutions that establish limited government - either through checks and balances or federalism.’
    • ‘The independence of the judiciary from political control or influence is a key principle of the British constitution.’
    • ‘That is a fundamental principle of our constitution..’
    • ‘Some of us believe it is a fairly important principle of our constitution.’
    • ‘State legislatures are a lot pickier about changing the federal constitution than the federal government is, and they often feel themselves to be at odds with the Feds over how to run their own territories.’
    • ‘It is fundamental to our constitution that lawmakers are chosen by the electorate and accountable to the electorate for their decisions.’
    • ‘Such clear contempt for the principles of the German constitution has seldom been so openly evinced by a leading politician.’
    • ‘Those of us who worry about the constitution will face the precedent that this Government has established of being able to tinker with judges.’
    • ‘Should the government collapse, the president assumes a decisive role because, according to the constitution, he has the responsibility for naming a new prime minister.’
    • ‘This last point was directed against all those who question the present constitution as Spanish centralist and monarchist.’
    • ‘They believed Britain had abandoned the first principles of its constitution.’
    • ‘This week they were obsessed with a proposed constitution for the European Union and whether to have a referendum on it.’
    • ‘The draft for a European constitution is intended to codify these conditions.’
    charter, social code, canon, body of law, system of laws, system of rules
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    1. 1.1 The basic written set of principles and precedents of federal government in the US, which came into operation in 1789 and has since been modified by twenty-six amendments.
    2. 1.2historical A decree, ordinance, or law.
      charter, social code, canon, body of law, system of laws, system of rules
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  • 2mass noun The composition of something.

    ‘the genetic constitution of a species’
    • ‘For example, whether an individual comes down with late-onset diabetes is a function not only of his or her genetic constitution but also of dietary history.’
    • ‘These may relate to the object's origins, as when we claim to perceive some living thing, or to its physical constitution.’
    • ‘It's that kind of junk food, refined and processed foods, that particularly affect this genetic constitution.’
    • ‘Fossil sponges can be identified by the arrangement of their skeletons, which consist of collections of spicules with characteristic shapes and chemical constitutions.’
    • ‘For analysis of the chromosome constitution a centromeric probe was not required.’
    • ‘As in mammals, both chromosomal constitution and cell interactions are involved in the development of germ-cell sexual phenotype.’
    • ‘She felt the mist around her gradually change shape and constitution as the control she had over her surroundings steadily escaped her.’
    • ‘The particular powers had by a given object have their basis in its underlying nature - its chemical, physical, or genetic constitution and structure.’
    • ‘The proposal assumes, as seems reasonable, that the relation of constitution only ever obtains between persisting objects which are composite, as are the statue and the lump of bronze.’
    • ‘Even her insight is nothing more than the complex and dynamic active traces of her genetic constitution and personal history.’
    • ‘The objective of this study was to determine the chromosomal constitution and sperm characteristics among Indian males with severe male factor infertility.’
    • ‘They are material, viz., temporary, full of ignorance and miserable, and thus just opposite to the original constitution of the soul.’
    • ‘The traditional Indian science of music has different ragas according to the constitution of the biological body.’
    • ‘Advances in knowledge also indicate that a person's genetic constitution influences the risk of cancer after irradiation.’
    • ‘Microscopic inspection of different types of structures has revealed that proembryogenic masses are characterized by high interclonal variation of shape and cellular constitution.’
    • ‘Genotype refers to the genetic constitution of the organism.’
    • ‘The chromosome constitution of an individual can be analyzed following tissue culture of an appropriate sample.’
    • ‘Primary qualities are those qualities that objects possess in virtue of their physical constitution.’
    • ‘The emphasis in this study is on the conceptualization of composing in the documents within the framework of this broad constitution of the subject English.’
    • ‘The experimenter points to an object of a certain shape and constitution, such as a wooden pyramid, and tells the young child ‘This is my blicket’.’
    composition, make-up, structure, organization, construction, arrangement, configuration, framework, form, formation, anatomy, shape, design
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    1. 2.1 The action of forming or establishing something.
      ‘the constitution of a police authority’
      • ‘The Erie Brackish Water desalination plant shall be overseen by the Department of the Interior, both during its constitution and following its completion.’
      • ‘This return of the ‘real’ marks an outside always present within discourse, for the outside is continuously abjected by discourse during its constitution.’
      • ‘In this way, it promotes new communitarian formulas and the constitution of individuality on the margins of the ethnic group, citizenry, and the state.’
      • ‘During its constitution, this system is shaped to be blind to the components of the organism itself and, at the same time, acquires an astonishing capacity to detect a myriad of structures, even ones which do not occur in nature.’
      founding, establishing, setting up, starting, initiation, institution, forming, creation, launch, flotation, origination, development, inauguration, endowment
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  • 3A person's physical state as regards vitality, health, and strength.

    ‘pregnancy had weakened her constitution’
    • ‘Unless planets are afflicted in Leo, the sign usually indicates strong vitality and a healthy constitution.’
    • ‘They have natural ability, and they are graced with strong physical constitutions.’
    • ‘But this cannot last long, even with people who have a strong physical constitution.’
    • ‘Whereas our physical constitution is determined at birth, our guna is moulded by environment and influenced by nutrition.’
    • ‘The difficulty is to ensure that the resulting position is coherent with both our physical constitution and the closure of physics.’
    • ‘A widespread saying in the country was that Japan used a cup of milk to strengthen the constitution of its people.’
    • ‘In fact the ancient herbalists believed that fennel gave strength to the constitution and made fat people grow lean.’
    • ‘Westerners were often prone to neglect the ordinary precautions concerning health, which gradually weakened their constitutions.’
    • ‘Clinically, it has been used to treat patients with reduced physical strength, cold constitution, anemia and anorexia.’
    • ‘There is a lot to be said for a healthy constitution: not just less constipation, but less colon cancer as well.’
    • ‘Doctors believe more than half of asthma patients have allergic constitutions of various levels, which means they are very allergic to some materials.’
    • ‘He was one of the originals; a slight weak man with a rather sickly constitution.’
    • ‘We have largely ignored, however, the impact of ecological changes and public health measures on the constitutions of other species.’
    • ‘This shows that in the early years of life the subject's health was poor or delicate, but with care, the subject in later years developed robust vitality and a strong constitution.’
    • ‘They who attend to the mere size of the organs, and they who derive all from the influence of bodily constitution, or temperament, as it is called, are equally in error…’
    • ‘People's complexions are different because their physical constitutions are different.’
    • ‘Diseases, as well as a person's constitution, are also categorized in this way.’
    • ‘It is now recognized that each of us has a particular genetic wiring which determines our temperament traits, our level of intelligence and our physical constitution.’
    • ‘I smacked my forehead and reached for the wall behind me; the hideous sight had suddenly weakened my constitution.’
    • ‘Although she had a weak physical constitution, she worked with great discipline, producing several hundred paintings in her short career, as well as many drawings and a few etchings.’
    health, physique, state of health, physical condition, physical strength, shape, fettle
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    1. 3.1 A person's character.
      ‘the individual's constitution is commonly described as his nature’
      • ‘Depending on which elements are dominant in our constitution we display certain characteristics and tendencies linked to those elemental qualities.’
      • ‘It is this mental constitution we sought to characterize earlier.’
      • ‘Blood predominated in spring, and a person with a natural excess of blood would have a sanguine physical and psychological humoral constitution, or temperament.’
      • ‘He did not have enough humour in his constitution to be amused by her.’
      • ‘Well, I just hope the American people have the same constitution as the GIs that they're sending over there.’
      • ‘The princess had too much mercury in her constitution to be long settled in any way of life whatsoever.’
      • ‘The subject here is as much his psychological constitution as it is the infancy and craft of a comedy act.’
      • ‘Katastematic pleasure has this status because it is the enjoyment of one's natural constitution when one is not distracted by bodily pain or mental distress.’
      • ‘This process highlights one of the truly bizarre characteristics of the Canadian constitution.’
      • ‘It can get embarrassing, and, quite genuinely may be of limited interest to persons of different constitution to the teller.’
      • ‘Anyway, making some kind of religious totem out of a legal document doesn't reflect truth or usefulness, nor does it suit my contrary personal constitution.’
      • ‘Gradually but surely, that tiresome old anecdote has sapped my strength, undermined my constitution, withered my life.’
      • ‘He hadn't yet developed the hardened constitution of a special ops agent.’
      • ‘Don't laugh, we with delicate psychological constitutions find life a bit much now and then.’
      • ‘He shed light on the role of psychological constitution as determining the intensity and degree of LSD effects.’
      • ‘One common element was the suspicion of a psychogenic component: poor constitution, neurosis, weak nerves, neurasthenic temperament.’
      • ‘This forms ‘congenital chi’ which determines the constitution of the individual throughout life.’
      • ‘That is, sin has affected our individual constitution in such a way that it has rendered all human beings spiritually lifeless.’
      • ‘His take-home message is one to which most people, independent of their psychological constitution, can relate.’
      • ‘And he has just ‘feminity’ enough in his constitution to find pleasure in spiteful personalities.’
      • ‘Darwin's doctors also acknowledged the importance of his nervous system and tactfully dealt with his delicate mental constitution as well as they could.’
      personality, nature, disposition, temperament, temper, mentality, turn of mind, psychology, psyche, make-up, make, stamp, mould, cast
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Middle English (denoting a law, or a body of laws or customs): from Latin constitutio(n-), from constituere ‘establish, appoint’ (see constitute).