Definition of constituent in English:

constituent

adjective

  • 1Being a part of a whole.

    ‘the constituent minerals of the rock’
    • ‘In 2001-02, the slowdown in manufacturing became wide spread, affecting a broad spectrum of constituent industries.’
    • ‘If you grant that ‘tangibility’ is a constituent property of physicality, or identical to it, the child seems to be making the same argument’
    • ‘Here the relationship between the life-history of the whole plant and that of its constituent parts is discussed.’
    • ‘It provides the glue to bind all of the application's constituent Web services together into a single coordinated application whole.’
    • ‘What about the argument that the health and viability of the League as a whole is more important ultimately than any one of its constituent parts, i.e. the clubs?’
    • ‘‘Obviously funding will be split between central government and the constituent authorities but we urgently need more information,’ he said.’
    • ‘The practices by which a society's constituent roles are defined can always be renegotiated by their carriers, just as the memes by which a culture is defined can be reinterpreted by theirs.’
    • ‘This is the first degree of its kind and is also unique in that it has been developed and produced in a joint collaboration by the four constituent universities of the National University of Ireland.’
    • ‘After donation, all the blood is divided into its constituent parts by a 3,000-revolution per minute centrifuge according to differential density.’
    • ‘There are too many constituent parts of this team that are malfunctioning.’
    • ‘The condition applies to the whole of the car parking accommodation and to its constituent parts.’
    • ‘The real difference is in the ability to see a picture as a whole or only as a collection of its constituent parts.’
    • ‘I would aim for a detonation somewhere between that required to merely startle and that which would be necessary to reduce everything within a one metre radius into its constituent molecules.’
    • ‘Then, a couple of weeks or so after the capitulation, when my protests no longer made much sense, they were listened to, and I was sent as Intelligence Officer to one of the brigade's constituent battalions.’
    • ‘In the world we are imagining, then, there is a fourfold duty on the global community and its constituent associations to act to prevent violations of the fundamental interests and four basic rights of human beings.’
    • ‘In other words, the whole can be understood by separating and defining its constituent parts, as a chemist might seek to explain life by its molecular structure.’
    • ‘Her world resembles that of a child, where the constituent objects are always surprising a not quite ‘developed’ mind.’
    • ‘For all of the attempts at describing their sound, you can try to break down the tracks into their constituent ingredients but will never, ever, adequately describe what the songs actually sound like.’
    • ‘At the particle level binding energy is measured as the difference of the mass of the whole nucleus and the sum of the constituent parts.’
    • ‘If the whole really is greater than the sum of the constituent parts, maybe these lesser parts would be more on my level.’
    component, integral
    elemental, basic, essential, inherent
    integrant
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  • 2Being a voting member of an organization and having the power to appoint or elect.

    ‘the constituent body has a right of veto’
    • ‘It is the collective product of the community, to which all its constituent members have jointly contributed.’
    • ‘The first Inter-Church Meeting between the main constituent members of the Irish Council of Churches and the Roman Catholic Church took place at Ballymascanlon in September 1973.’
    • ‘So they flew to D.C. to meet with him, called his office daily to complain about it, and organized a constituent call-in drive.’
    • ‘As long as Labour relied for its finance on its own constituent organisations, notably the unions, corruption was held at bay.’
    • ‘Liberal democratic values encoded in the country's institutions define an inclusive public space in which all its constituent groups are obliged to participate as part of the multicultural contract.’
    • ‘In all institutions the constituent members are, at least notionally, united to achieve a common goal.’
    • ‘Will constituent pressure make some Senators think twice before voting against it?’
    • ‘Directors need to take a step back once in a while and ask themselves: how well are they representing their constituent members?’
    • ‘Of course, the constituent bodies (not the administration) should choose who will have contact with board members.’
    • ‘That option does not seem terribly realistic or to have widespread support among the constituent communities.’
    • ‘So one can understand where the legislation has the effect of changing the constituent bodies there is a different rule.’
    • ‘He describes discourse as a technique used by the power elite to exert control over other constituent groups.’
    • ‘It remains the case that they key constituent audience can't go and see this film.’
    • ‘The presidency of the association is a one-year position elected by the constituent members.’
    • ‘The Union was based on the sovereignty of its seven constituent provinces, with the maximum devolution of power from the centre.’
    • ‘I also predict that the package the Democrats propose will not be based on any discernible economic theory, but rather will be an assortment of goodies for various constituent groups.’
    • ‘Your goal is to collect and evaluate ‘strategic data’ across divergent constituent groups that directly shed light on strategic decision making.’
    • ‘The Governing Body, in its wisdom, devolved decision making for the trophy's route to its constituent bodies, the counties.’
    • ‘Under existing election rules, a constituent district elects several lawmakers, allowing some to enter office on off-beat campaign platforms.’
    • ‘Her role there was dealing with constituent members.’
    1. 2.1Able to make or change a political constitution.
      ‘a constituent assembly’
      • ‘If parliament is transformed into a constituent assembly, the speaker would become its chairman with wide powers to direct proceedings.’
      • ‘A constituent assembly was popularly elected in April 1980, and general elections were held in November 1981.’
      • ‘Eight Republicans came back from recess, their ears burning with constituent anger, and voted with the Dems.’
      • ‘The proposed constitutional shift has met fierce opposition in the Senate and most of the senators believe there would not be enough votes to endorse a constituent assembly that would draft a new constitution.’
      • ‘By 25 April 1949, the West German constituent assembly had drafted a new Basic Law, thereby defeating Soviet aims.’
      • ‘She said such a convention would be preferable to a constituent assembly, where members of the Senate and House of Representatives sit to propose amendments to the Charter.’
      • ‘The constituent assembly aimed to reduce instability by defining a ministerial crisis strictly, with a motion of censure required to overthrow a government.’
      • ‘The agreement also marks a reversal for the political parties, which previously rejected the idea of a constituent assembly.’
      • ‘Exactly two years later, voters will return to the polls to elect an 88-member constituent assembly to decide on a constitution and the future form of government.’
      • ‘The protesting masses have been demanding a constituent assembly, or constitutional convention to reorganize their country, and nationalization of their country's natural resources.’
      • ‘A quarter of a million voters elected a constituent assembly dominated by republicans.’
      • ‘When I watch lawmakers do their calling, it is usually in between committee hearings, constituent meetings and votes.’
      • ‘One of the new government's first steps was to turn the lower house of parliament into a constituent assembly in order to adopt a new constitution strongly orientated in favour of Buddhism, and the Sinhala language.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the House of Representatives continues to be gridlocked with the Senate on the Charter change issue as congressmen continue to push for a resolution for a constituent assembly.’
      • ‘They have called on the other political parties to break with the palace and join a popular alliance of parliamentary and revolutionary forces to establish a constituent assembly and a democratic republic.’
      • ‘A 1946 plebiscite ended the monarchy, and a constituent assembly was elected to draw up plans for the republic.’
      • ‘The working class must fight for a constituent assembly elected openly and democratically by the working masses to settle all the democratic questions.’
      • ‘The rebels, who are demanding a roundtable conference, an interim government and a constituent assembly, insist that the peace process should involve the king as well as the political parties.’
      • ‘Those voted to the constituent assembly were allowed to meet in the Tauride Palace.’
      • ‘On Tuesday, the new German parliament met in constituent session.’

noun

  • 1A member of an area which elects a representative to a legislative body.

    ‘the MP is playing on his constituents' sense of regional identity to win votes’
    • ‘Lawmakers do have a legitimate and undeniable need to freely express their views and openly advocate the interests of their constituents in the legislative process.’
    • ‘So if representatives are mandated, they are irrelevant, and if they are not mandated then they will often not be truly representative of their constituents.’
    • ‘Legislators appear at state capitols or in Washington, DC, every year as representatives of their constituents.’
    • ‘MPs begin to believe that they were elected to represent their constituents within the party caucus, rather than in the House of Commons itself.’
    • ‘They said the terms in office of legislators depended solely on the acceptance of their constituents who elected their representatives every five years.’
    • ‘He paid £450 for 2,000 recyclable shopping bags to distribute among his constituents in the Finglas area to raise awareness for the need to recycle.’
    • ‘Each member has a voice, each member is a constituent.’
    • ‘I say to the member that he should be in touch with the constituents in his area, because they want better roads.’
    • ‘Second, many of the council members' constituents, especially potential campaign donors, may demand that the city do something about the beggars.’
    • ‘You are very important to members of Congress, because, as a constituent, you have the power to keep them in office.’
    • ‘Senators today are elected largely as representatives of their constituents and carry out the instructions received from their electors.’
    • ‘In other words, they ask questions or raise matters in debate concerning the problems of their area and constituents.’
    • ‘The relationship between the constituents and their elected representatives has deformed into the masses and their dutifully appointed leaders.’
    • ‘I am very happy every 3 years to stand before my constituents as a Labour member of Parliament and somebody who has routinely voted for the human rights of every New Zealander.’
    • ‘But what was he doing that was more important than representing his constituents and party in parliament?’
    • ‘Rather than having to go back to the district and explain an unpopular vote to constituents, members could hope that constituents would learn first hand why a bill was needed.’
    • ‘We would be very surprised if such a general practice were not welcome to Members of Parliament whose constituents have died in such circumstances.’
    • ‘Are not our MPs in Parliament to represent their constituents of which a large and growing number are pensioners?’
    • ‘It would give each councilperson an identifiable constituency, and constituents an identifiable representative.’
    • ‘It's a quick and easy way to remind your MP that they are supposed to represent their constituents in parliament, and not their party's whip.’
    voter, elector, member of the electorate, member of a constituency
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  • 2A component part of something.

    ‘the essential constituents of the human diet’
    • ‘It represents a book being hurled out of a window - a reminder, perhaps, that protest is an essential constituent of social progress.’
    • ‘Dejection, on the other hand, is an essential constituent of tennis.’
    • ‘Technically speaking, duty, breach and damage are the three essential constituents of the action.’
    • ‘Perhaps contrary to expectations, I'm quite a fan of red meat: it appears to have been a constituent of the human diet for hundreds of thousands of years, and is therefore something we're likely to be well adapted to.’
    • ‘The constituents of matter are elements infinite in number and always in motion, with an infinite variety of shapes, completely solid in composition.’
    • ‘In the fourteenth book he defended the emotions as good constituents of human nature by the creator's intention, and attacked the Stoic notion that emotion must be suppressed.’
    • ‘Having said that, some plant food constituents rejected as non-essential or non-vitamins, are now known to have important health functions.’
    • ‘In many states, mustard oil is an essential constituent of the diet.’
    • ‘Finally, we could move to a culture where public opinion is seen as an essential constituent of progress - rather than as an impediment.’
    • ‘Thus, metasomatism involves changes in mineralogy and structure along with the addition and/or removal of elemental constituents from a rock.’
    • ‘For example, the binding potential energy between the constituents of the nucleus contributes significantly to the mass of the nucleus.’
    • ‘The whole discussion of the apple was in language, and language was an essential constituent in the various forms of knowing discussed.’
    • ‘The distribution and habitat, general features, properties and uses and chemical constituents are also part of the classification criteria.’
    • ‘Fluorescence emission can provide a possible method to separate tissue constituents based on differential spectral features.’
    • ‘During the 20th century, the knowledge of separating the constituents of essential oils was used to create synthetic chemicals and drugs.’
    • ‘They are the main constituents of membranes outside cells and tiny metabolic organs inside every cell.’
    • ‘Currently, the feeding value of hay is established using regression equations based on chemical constituents.’
    • ‘Although some essential oils have only a few main constituents, the minor components generally determine the characteristic aroma.’
    • ‘Each of these levels may consist of a sequential unit of internal constituents that are realized by exposition, complication, and denouement.’
    • ‘Herbs, of course, have huge numbers of components, or constituents.’
    component, component part, ingredient, element
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Origin

Late 15th century (as a noun denoting a person who appoints another as agent): from Latin constituent- (partly via French constituant) establishing, appointing, from the verb constituere (see constitute).

Pronunciation:

constituent

/kənˈstɪtjʊənt/