Definition of conjunction in English:



  • 1Grammar
    A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause (e.g. and, but, if).

    • ‘Parliamentary question time is full of wonderful examples of extended verbs, conjunctions and prepositional phrases employed to evade answering a question.’
    • ‘The elaborated variety was alleged to have greater syntactic complexity, as evidenced, for example, by a greater proportion of subordinate clauses, conjunctions, etc.’
    • ‘However, with the added conjunctions, the sentence transcends awkwardness and approaches incoherence.’
    • ‘Such words include pronouns, auxiliary verbs, conjunctions, and prepositions.’
    • ‘The preposition of inclusion in the subtitle better represents the argument than does the conjunction in the main clause.’
  • 2The action or an instance of two or more events or things occurring at the same point in time or space.

    ‘a conjunction of favourable political and economic circumstances’
    ‘he postulated that the Americas were formed by the conjunction of floating islands’
    • ‘The conjunction of events marks a widening of the challenge posed by San Francisco's mayor, who last month authorised wedding ceremonies for same-sex couples.’
    • ‘It owes its fame to the conjunction of an exceptionally hot summer and a momentous historical event, which temporarily ended the movement for social reform.’
    • ‘Typically, the intension states necessary and sufficient conditions, or conjunctions of properties, that must be present for an object to belong to the extension.’
    • ‘Even if the universe has an infinite history in which each event is causally explained by the conjunction of laws and earlier events, that history as a whole is still unexplained.’
    • ‘But this augmentation cannot be accomplished via the deductive mode of reasoning, nor on the basis of closed systems, because these factors do not manifest themselves as constant conjunctions of events.’
    • ‘The charge being raised against analysis here, then, is that it fails to distinguish between genuinely causal conjunctions of events and purely accidental conjunctions of events.’
    • ‘It is with us again thanks to the conjunction of two events, one here in York and the other of national concern.’
    • ‘Obviously, in a high traffic area, such as the city gate, there is often a conjunction or combination of events that may be accidental, or, as in this case, designed to create an affect.’
    • ‘I attribute the shift in part to the conjunction of two very different events.’
    • ‘Bad driving may or may not lead to an accident, depending on the chance conjunction of other factors and other people's behaviour.’
    • ‘That possibility can be activated by a specific conjunction of events or resources or personalities that come together to initiate a valuable critical discourse.’
    • ‘Such a conjunction of circumstances is improbable.’
    • ‘Although proof of a connection is lacking, suppose just for the sake of speculation that the two men did know each other: there remain some suggestive conjunctions and coincidences.’
    • ‘In fact, it's a little awkward to contemplate how many versions of this photo were probably produced to generate this exact conjunction of head-tilt, pursed lips and weird, writerly gesture.’
    • ‘Specifically, the conjunction of two events is contained within the extension of both individual events.’
    • ‘I mean if you take plague, for example, plague was more a conjunction of circumstances to do with natural patterns in wild animals and natural disasters, wasn't it?’
    • ‘It is brought about, not by ideology, but by a conjunction of circumstances facing the United States now and over the next several years.’
    • ‘Such events constitute given facts and their conjunctions exhaust the objective content of our idea of natural necessity.’
    co-occurrence, concurrence, coincidence, coexistence, simultaneity, simultaneousness, contemporaneity, contemporaneousness, concomitance, synchronicity, synchrony
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Astrology Astronomy An alignment of two planets or other celestial objects so that they appear to be in the same, or nearly the same, place in the sky.
      ‘the conjunctions and oppositions of the planets’
      mass noun ‘the planet reached conjunction with the sun’
      • ‘Topics covered include the longitudes of the planets, problems relating to the daily rotation of the heavens, eclipses of the sun and the moon, risings and settings, the lunar crescent, and conjunctions of the planets.’
      • ‘In your natal chart, the conjunction of your Pisces sun with Saturn gives you a tendency toward worry to begin with, so this is a part of you that only you can work to overcome.’
      • ‘Much the same occurs when two planets are in a conjunction but in adjacent houses rather than in the same house.’
      • ‘The planets included a conjunction of Venus and Mars, the ‘rulers’ of the first house (the questioner) and the seventh house (the husband).’
      • ‘We should now take a closer look at the quadruple conjunction of the planets in Capricorn and in particular, the Sun.’


  • in conjunction

    • Together.

      ‘herbal medicine was used in conjunction with acupuncture and massage’
      • ‘Although they have no power of arrest they work in conjunction with the police, working as their ear on the street.’
      • ‘This section thus needs to be understood in conjunction with the chapter on process that follows.’
      • ‘The innovative study, run in conjunction with local authorities, is the first of its kind in the country.’
      • ‘Several local hotels are offering deals in conjunction with the festival.’
      • ‘As a complementary therapist, he works in conjunction with conventional animal doctors.’
      • ‘Events are planned both within the local club and in conjunction with other clubs in the county.’
      • ‘The hospital has been working in conjunction with the Metropolitan Police in the investigation.’
      • ‘They are designed to work in conjunction with a seat belt - not in place of it.’
      • ‘Apparently the mere suggestion of abstinence in conjunction with STDs is scaremongering.’
      • ‘The European Election will be held in conjunction with the Local Elections in June.’
      together, jointly, conjointly, in cooperation, cooperatively, in collaboration, in partnership, in combination, as one, in unison, in concert, concertedly, with one accord, in league, in alliance, in collusion, side by side, hand in hand, hand in glove, shoulder to shoulder, cheek by jowl
      View synonyms


Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin conjunctio(n-), from the verb conjungere (see conjoin).